Vilnius, Lithuania

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Maciulis A.,Government of the Republic of Lithuaniai of Lithuania | Tvaronaviciene M.,Vilnius Gediminas Technical University | Tvaronaviciene M.,Military Academy of Lithuania
Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues | Year: 2013

The presented paper aims to discuss new Lithuania's in role taking presidency of the EU and to evaluate Lithuania's development process. State of Lithuanian economy is being presented; aims of further development are identified. The context of other European countries is being taken into account. Authors rely on critical analysis of contemporary scientific literature and comparative statistics. Among driving forces affecting process of economic development investments of foreign origin and increasing level of education are being distinguished. Insights considering a role of the latter driving forces are being offered.

Vosylius E.,Military Academy of Lithuania | Rakutis V.,Military Academy of Lithuania | Tvaronaviciene M.,Military Academy of Lithuania | Tvaronaviciene M.,Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues | Year: 2013

Presented paper aims to indicate what types of interrelationships between energy usage patterns prevailing in particular country, economic growth and finally, sustainable development could be distinguished. The topic of paper, or, rather research area, is neither new nor original. Nevertheless, an array of approaches towards character of considered interrelationships can be encountered. Complicity of chosen issue, we reckon, lies in differences of perception of the following questions. Our findings consequently would depend on, at first, how we measure economic growth in short and long terms, the second, how we measure energy security, and, the third, how we benchmark progress towards sustainable development. Methods, which we consider as being applicable for measuring of selected interrelationships, comprise a separate part of scientific elaboration. Therefore we formulate a task to overview the most contemporary measurable perceptions of economic growth, perceptions of energy security facets affecting economic growth and consequent reaction of sustainable development to various scenarios of energy consumption and economic growth. Resulting conclusions about measurement of indicated phenomena and argumentations of their plausible interrelation would lead us to choice of methodological approaches of described interrelations' analysis.

Tvaronaviciene M.,Vilnius Gediminas Technical University | Tvaronaviciene M.,Military Academy of Lithuania | Grybaite V.,Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues | Year: 2012

The aim of this paper is to estimate and to compare sustainable development processes in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia focusing on institutional dimension of sustainable development. Attention has been focused on the selection of system of indicators with particular emphasis on institutional indicators. The authors employ the most popular two multicriteria methods: Simple Additive Weighting (SAW) and multi-criteria complex proportional method (MCP). Data embracing 2004-2010 year period is being analyzed. In order to obtain a multi-faceted view, several variants of sustainable development estimations of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are being performed. Each variant represents a different approach to development perception. The difference lies in emphasis, which is being put on the economic and institutional aspects of development. Hypothesis has been raised that the different methods employed may affect comparison results.

Makstutis A.,Military Academy of Lithuania | Balkyte A.,Vilnius Gediminas Technical University | Tumalavicius V.,Military Academy of Lithuania
Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues | Year: 2012

The article highlights the importance of the development of the society, as well as the measurement of this development, in the context of security, sustainability and competitiveness and goes much further by guiding to further research focus on the introduced new conception of "Secure and sustainable competitiveness" in the context of globalisation. The definition of "Sustainable competitiveness" was broadened by including new aspect of security. The development of the society was introduced as common output of the globalization which goes hand-in-hand with competitiveness, sustainability and security. The interrelation of certain facets between security, competitiveness and sustainability lead to the proposal to create the new index of "Secure and sustainable competitiveness" with possibility to evaluate the progress by looking back and provide prospects by looking forward. The research findings are in line with policy context and the development of the new index of "Secure and sustainable competitiveness" could be an important research contribution to the European Union Strategy Europe 2020 for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth (2010).

Kaukas E.,Military Academy of Lithuania
Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues | Year: 2013

The United States of America and the United Kingdom with the assistance of other NATO and non-NATO states initiated an international counter terrorism campaign the War on Terror (also known as the Global War on Terror (GWOT)). However, after more than ten years the War on Terror is still in the active stage. The pivotal issue regarding counter-terrorism actions in Afghanistan, considering how much money and energy spent on them, is whether such actions are effective or not. Dynamic system simulation approach was used to investigate interactions between counter-terrorism strategies used in Afghanistan (in the context of coalition strength) and the effectiveness of these strategies (in the context of terrorist strength). Data form different sources over a ten-year-period was used for analysis (2000-2010). It was found dynamic relation between recruitment rate of terrorist and coalition manpower that depends on time adjustments. However, further research is needed to get more precise results in finding causal loops in counter-terrorism system, thus this study should be evaluated only as a framework in further similar researches.

Endrijaitis R.,Military Academy of Lithuania | Alonderis A.,Military Academy of Lithuania
Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues | Year: 2015

There is neither one obvious power acting on the world, nor obvious balance of power and long-term peace and stability. The paradigm of complex dynamic systems would allow understanding more clearly the real order of the world that cannot explain the dominating old mechanical paradigm. Complex dynamic systems have characteristic features and act in many fields where leadership becomes inefficient when following mechanical paradigm.

Dobrzinskij N.,Military Academy of Lithuania
Intelligent Technologies in Logistics and Mechatronics Systems, ITELMS 2014 - Proceedings of the 9th International Conference | Year: 2014

Implementing their international commitments in Afghanistan, representatives of different countries pursue their missions under severe physical and geographical conditions. Different machinery and equipment is constantly used for implementation of tasks. Reliability of internal-combustion engines is dependent upon many factors such as internal features of an engine and external conditions of their operation. Engines are subject to effect of many factors that determine occurrence of engine failures and failures. Climatic conditions represent one of the factors of operating load on internal-combustion engines which is directly dependent on the climate zone. Consequently, assessment of the reliability of machinery and equipment, and particularly internal-combustion engines, should begin with the analysis of climatic factors that affect their operating condition.

Smaliukiene R.,Military Academy of Lithuania
Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues | Year: 2014

Drawing on policy variation across European countries this study analyses the differences, similarities and the best practices in officers and serviceman reintegration into labour market after their early retirement. The success of reintegration depends on national labour market policy towards employability and specific measures in employment assistance for officers and serviceman. The search for sustainable approach toward employability of retired officers and serviceman fostered to conduct institutional survey. The survey was conducted using set of connections of military attaché and the network of CEPOL1. Analyzing retirement practice of the police and the military in EU countries, it is noted that the police officers retirement is organized 5-10 earlier than full retirement; their pension is worth a substantial part of previous salary. F or that reason, reintegration programs are not needed and in majority of countries do not exist. The situation in military is different. Military rejuvenation forces to cut middle-age people into early retirement. It means that they will have to reintegrate into the labour market in order to maintain a similar level of well-being for themselves and their families. Results reveals four different types of reintegration programmes for serviceman in EU member states.

Dubauskas G.,Military Academy of Lithuania
Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues | Year: 2012

A possible sustainable growth of the financial sector due to the development of activity of credit unions is being examined in this paper. Moreover the analysis of contemporary credit unions conceptions and problems of management improvement are performed. In addition theoretical priorities for credibility and international capabilities of credit unions are presented. A sketch of some actual theories is being performed and methods for analysis of credit unions' activities are particularly composed. Following method of improvement of observational research was performed in this paper. In order to evaluate common tendencies of activities of the credit unions in the World and particularly in the European Union the financial institutions' legal regulations are specially surveyed. Furthermore legal regulations of credit unions are analyzed in practice for local and international credit unions of Lithuania. The preliminary evaluation of the credit unions activity in the circumstances of contemporary waves of the financial crisis is presented. After examining available and possible theoretical and practical aspects the assumptions from the analyzed material are proposed. The article discusses the development of credit unions and the factors affecting the credit union managers approach to the credit union system development prospects. Despite an occurrence of the recent commercial banks global situation concerning the possible disappointment of consumers - credit unions are one of the best institutions for further financial sustainability in the retail credit markets. An object of this research is credit unions and some other self-credit institutions. In addition the accumulated global information from the cooperative financial institutions is overviewed.

Dubauskas G.,Military Academy of Lithuania
Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues | Year: 2011

The internationalization practice of the financial institutions has been intensively studied since the 1960s. Due to the increase in international capital flows, foreign direct investments and international trade at that time active development of international or cross-border banking began. At the moment the world is undergoing a very complex process with a high uncertainty in the global banking and financial markets. This article focuses on the banking sector development and some aspects of management of commercial banks in Lithuania and other two Baltic countries. The main subject of the paper is to comparatively analyze the inwards and outwards development in the international banking. The main stress is oriented to aggregated credit enlargements in the Baltic States during the period of the first decade in the 21st century. Commercial banks during the last global economic crisis have been looking for a possible optimization of activities and consequent changes in their networks could be an option for its development assessment. However, the priority could be to identify the cross-border international credit expansion in the Baltic countries. On the other hand, these activities are relied to the countries' macroeconomic indicators and mainly to the accumulated money supply. There is a scientific self-determination described in this paper in line with the analysis identifying the particular Baltic countries in the dynamics of accumulated deposits and credits of international banks. Subsequently it increased the growth of money supply. Nowadays banks are required to make sensible strategic decisions in order to keep sustainable banking businesses in the future. However, influences of the financial institutions to the global economical recession affect international banks creating negative feedback to their previous problems.

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