Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences

www.mamk.fi
Mikkeli, Finland

Mikkeli University of Applied science or MUAS is a university of applied science in the region of Southern Savonia, Finland. It was established in 1992. Mikkeli University of Applied science serves the area of Eastern Finland with three campuses in three towns: Mikkeli - Main Campus, Pieksämäki - Nikkarila Campus, Savonlinna - Savonniemi Campus. Wikipedia.

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Rossi M.J.,Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences
IMETI 2013 - 6th International Multi-Conference on Engineering and Technological Innovation, Proceedings | Year: 2013

The present design rules for designing the internal spaces for buildings taking into account Human Activities are very varied and can lead to insufficient spaces or economic losses related to over dimensioning. Three dimensional design objects for buildings have been mainly developed only for stationary furniture and appliances so that they can be used as Data Components in CAD systems. We propose that after measuring the 3D spaces ( envelopes of volumes required ) required for Human Activities such as washing a wheel chair patient in the shower the 3D Activity Spaces are transformed into 3D IFC Data Objects that can then be imported to the majority of the leading CAD systems related to designing buildings. The new Data Objects can then be fit to the internal spaces of the Handicap Accessible buildings. They answer the question " How much space is needed for Handicapped related activities ? We can achieve the optimal balance between the Universal Design functionality and the building cost. International co-operation in needed in specifying the series of movements for the activities by Health Care experts.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: WASTE-4c-2014 | Award Amount: 2.50M | Year: 2015

EU is dependent on the import of Raw Materials, if we consider that in Europe there are between 150K to 500K highly variable landfills, it is easy to understand that the SRM potential of various landfills is significant. Valuable Raw Materials disposed in landfills are mostly lost due to inefficient waste management practices. Existing knowledge, reporting standards and inventory on SRM seems to be inefficient. In this context, the SMART GROUND project intends to foster resource recovery in landfills by improving the availability and accessibility of data and information on Secondary Raw Materials (SRM) in the EU, while creating synergies among the different stakeholders involved in the SRM value chain. SMART GROUND involves the 3 main players of the process: End-users (waste management companies),RTD institutions (Research centres, Universities, SMEs), and Technology Transfer providers (Networking, training organizations and public authorities). Thus, the consortium will integrate all the data from existing databases and new information retrieved in a single EU databank. SMART GROUND will respond to the needs of coordination, networking and cooperation between stakeholders, through the creation of a databank enabling the exchange of information among them. It will improve data gathering on SRM from different types of waste, by defining new and better data acquisition methods and standards; it will cooperate with other EU ongoing activities and support the implementation of the EIP on RM. The project also aims at improving the SRM economic and employment potential, by i) providing training on the assessment of landfill sites material recovery targeting end-users, ii) forming a dedicated network of academic, industrial and other stakeholders and regulators committed to cost-effective research, technology transfer and training; iii) developing and implementing a dissemination and exploitation plan to maximise the impacts and benefits of the SMART GROUND action


Vilhunen S.,Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences | Vilve M.,Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences | Vepsalainen M.,Savcor Forest Oy | Sillanpaa M.,Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences
Journal of Hazardous Materials | Year: 2010

A re-circulated flow-through photoreactor was used to evaluate the ultraviolet (UV) photolysis and UV/H2O2 oxidation process in the purification of three different water matrices. Chemically coagulated and electrocoagulated surface water, groundwater contaminated with creosote wood preservative and 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE) containing washing water from the plant manufacturing tailor-made ion-exchange resins were used as sample waters. The organic constituents of creosote consist mainly of harmful polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) whereas 1,2-DCE is a toxic volatile organic compound (VOC). Besides analyzing the specific target compounds, total organic carbon (TOC) analysis and measurement of change in UV absorbance at 254nm (UV254) were performed. Initial TOC, UV254 and pH varied significantly among treated waters. Initial H2O2 concentrations 0-200mg/l were used. The UV/H2O2 treatment was efficient in removing the hazardous target pollutants (PAHs and 1,2-DCE) and natural organic matter (NOM). In addition, high removal efficiency for TOC was achieved for coagulated waters and groundwater. Also, the efficiency of direct photolysis in UV254 removal was significant except in the treatment of 1,2-DCE containing washing water. Overall, UV254 and TOC removal rates were high, except in case of washing water, and the target pollutants were efficiently decomposed with the UV/H2O2 method. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.


Bhatnagar A.,TU Hamburg - Harburg | Bhatnagar A.,Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences | Sillanpaa M.,Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences
Chemical Engineering Journal | Year: 2010

Adsorption process has been proven one of the best water treatment technologies around the world and activated carbon is undoubtedly considered as universal adsorbent for the removal of diverse types of pollutants from water. However, widespread use of commercial activated carbon is sometimes restricted due to its higher costs. Attempts have been made to develop inexpensive adsorbents utilizing numerous agro-industrial and municipal waste materials. Use of waste materials as low-cost adsorbents is attractive due to their contribution in the reduction of costs for waste disposal, therefore contributing to environmental protection. In this review, an extensive list of low-cost adsorbents (prepared by utilizing different types of waste materials) from vast literature has been compiled and their adsorption capacities for various aquatic pollutants as available in the literature are presented. It is evident from the literature survey that various low-cost adsorbents have shown good potential for the removal of various aquatic pollutants. However, there are few issues and drawbacks on the use of low-cost adsorbents in water treatment that have been discussed in this paper. Additionally, more research is needed to find the practical utility of low-cost adsorbents on commercial scale. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Paananen P.,Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences | Kayhko J.,Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences
Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal | Year: 2013

This research deals with simultaneous dosage of retention aid and filler in papermaking. New mixer technology make it possible to inject filler into the head box feed stock simultaneously with retention aid chemicals at the same location. Simultaneous dosage has a lot of similarities compared to pre-flocculation but there are also clear differences. E.g. in practice simultaneous feeding is easy to conduct and it does not need necessarily any extra investments. In this paper simultaneous feeding was compared to conventional feeding in laboratory tests made with Moving Belt Former (MBF) and in paper mill trials. In MBF trials the simultaneous feeding produced a noticeably higher filler retention (35 → 43%). Simultaneous feeding caused also filler agglomeration which in turn caused a lower light scattering level of the paper and higher tensile strength. Function of certain type of micropolymer in simultaneous feeding was also tested with MBF trials. Also in that case higher filler retention was obtained. With simultaneous feeding of micro-polymer and filler even better formation was obtained compared to conventional method. In the paper machine trials, a higher filler retention level was also obtained when filler was added simultaneously with retention aid. Simultaneous feeding could be made without any running or quality problems. However these tests also showed that large filler flocks can be formed if mixing in the feeding is not optimal performed correctly. © 2004-2014 Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal.


Jaaskelainen A.,Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences
Archiving 2015 - Final Program and Proceedings | Year: 2015

Metrics that are collected by utilizing different methods are the key factors in understanding what is happening under the hood. Currently, the field of digital archiving relies heavily on SLAs (Service Level Agreement) and technical level metrics. While technical metrics are superior in collecting the hard evidence behind any operational unit, it doesn't take account any of the metrics that are relevant when considering the softer side of any technological device, service or software. From the authors' opinion, technical metrics describe merely 1/5 of the whole truth. User and context related metrics aren't utilized and still these have been recognized to be the keys to success in many other fields, in fact these softer metrics are sometimes recognized as a KPIs (Key Performance Indicators). This paper proposes the utilization of the well-known methodologies also in the field of digital archiving in order to gain a good overlook of what is happening behind the scenes.. © 2015 Society for Imaging Science and Technology.


Eriksson S.,Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences
Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities | Year: 2014

The author addresses "personal budgeting" as a disability service reform issue. To address this, a pilot project was undertaken in two Finnish municipal districts, in which personal budgeting was introduced as part of a 4-year experiment. According to previous research, the power relations of persons with disabilities and disability service professionals are expected to change because of the process of personal budgeting. This article discusses the social positions that are occupied by the professionals and service users in the pilot project. These positions were analyzed within the context of expected change in disability service culture. Research data consisted of interviews and recorded discussions collected among the service users and professionals involved in the pilot. The positions constituted were analyzed by discourse analytical method to find out if the power relations changed because of a shift in the locus of decision making. The study showed there is a need for a change in attitudes to enable people with disabilities to live with the full rights attributed to the population as a whole. The data implied that current service cultures do not enable the situation to change and that the personnel in disability services are themselves in crucial positions for changing the culture, often simply by changing their working methods. © 2014 International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Bhatnagar A.,Central Building Research Institute | Bhatnagar A.,Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences | Minocha A.K.,Central Building Research Institute | Sillanpaa M.,Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences
Biochemical Engineering Journal | Year: 2010

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the feasibility of lemon peel waste for the removal of cobalt ions from aqueous solutions. Batch experiments were performed to study the adsorption of cobalt on lemon peel adsorbent. The maximum adsorption capacity of lemon peel adsorbent for cobalt removal was ca. 22 mg g-1. Three simplified kinetic models viz. pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and Weber and Morris intraparticle diffusion models were tested to describe the adsorption process. Kinetic parameters, rate constants, equilibrium sorption capacities, and related correlation coefficients for kinetic models were determined. It was found that the present system of cobalt adsorption on lemon peel adsorbent could be described more favorably by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption process has been found to be exothermic. The results of the present study suggest that lemon peel waste can be used beneficially in treating industrial effluents containing heavy metal ions. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Patent
Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences | Date: 2014-03-21

For designing rooms or buildings for specific purposes, like homes for elderly people, an action space object that can be read from a database to a CAD application is provided, the action space object defining a volume needed to carry out a specific activity/action.


Patent
Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences | Date: 2013-12-03

A method for recovering carbon dioxide from gas, which method includes the steps of The method also applies to a corresponding system.

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