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Norimatsu Y.,Ehime Prefectural University of Health Sciences | Kawai M.,Matsusaka Chuo General Hospital | Kamimori A.,Matsusaka Chuo General Hospital | Yuminamochi T.,Yamanashi University | And 5 more authors.
Diagnostic Cytopathology | Year: 2012

This study was undertaken to clarify the origin of the chromophilic substance that stained in light green [light green body (LGB)] was observed in the condensed cluster of stromal cells and in the background of endometrial glandular and stromal breakdown cases. The material consists of cytologic smears of endometrial glandular and stromal breakdown (EGBD) from 58 samples in which a histopathological diagnosis was subsequently obtained by endometrial curettage. The following parameters were examined. (1) The occurrence and number of a LGB. As for the "condensed cluster of stromal cells," "condensed cluster of stromal cells including LGB" and "LBG in background," it was observed with all fields on one slide per case. When it was observed more than one in a preparation, the occurrence was determined and the number was also calculated. (2) Immunostaining of paraffin-embedded tissue sections and cytologic preparations. The occurrence of "condensed cluster of stromal cells," "condensed cluster of stromal cells including LGB" and "LGB in background" was 100%, 44.8% and 91.4%, respectively. The number of "condensed cluster of stromal cells," "condensed cluster of stromal cells including LGB" and "LGB in background" was 21.2, 2.0 and 4.0, respectively. When histological sections from paraffin-embedded tissue were tested by immunocytochemistry, "LGB" stained weakly or negative for fibrinogen, whereas it stained positively for CD31 and factor VIII. In addition, it stained positively for CD42b. When cytologic preparation was tested by immunocytochemistry, "LGB" stained positively for CD31, factor VIII and CD42b. However, as for the fibrinogen, quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the immunocytochemical stain was not feasible due to extensive nonspecific reaction in the whole preparation. The "LGB" in EGBD cases proved to be a thrombus mostly made up by platelets, and it seemed that the recognition of the LGB showed to be a useful cytomorphological criterion for an always more accurate diagnosis of EGBD cases. Copyright © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Norimatsu Y.,Ehime Prefectural University of Health Sciences | Ohsaki H.,Ehime Prefectural University of Health Sciences | Yanoh K.,Suzuka General Hospital | Kawanishi N.,Mihara Medical Associations Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Diagnostic Cytopathology | Year: 2013

It is well known that "condensed cluster of stromal cells (CCSC)" and "metaplastic clumps with irregular protrusion (MCIP)" in endometrial glandular and stromal breakdown (EGBD) cases may simulate "clumps of cancer cells (CCC)" in endometrioid adenocarcinoma grade 1 (G1), leading to difficulty in cytological interpretation. The aim of this study was undertaken to clarify the cytological immunoreactivity of nuclear findings about CCSC and MCIP which may be recognized in EGBD cases by using p53 protein and cyclin A in liquid-based cytologic (LBC) preparations. The material consists of cytologic smears of 20 cases of EGBD and 20 cases of G1 for which histopathological diagnosis was obtained by endometrial curettage at the JA Suzuka General Hospital. The evaluation of immunoreactivity was performed by using the intensity of nuclear staining and the nuclear labeling index (N-LI). The intensity of nuclear staining was scored as negative (0), weak (1), moderate (2), or strong (3). The N-LI was scored as less than 10% (0), from 10 to 25% (1), from 26 to 50% (2), or greater than 50% (3). The final score was calculated of the addition of both partial scores. Results are as follows: As for the p53 protein immunoreactivity, CCC (2.4 ± 1.4) was a significantly higher value in comparison with CCSC (0) and MCIP (0.8 ± 0.4), respectively. As for the cyclin A immunoreactivity, CCC (2.8 ± 1.1) was a significantly higher value in comparison with CCSC (0) and MCIP (0.6 ± 0.5), respectively. CCSC and MCIP in EGBD are misunderstood as cellular atypia and structural atypia on occasion; but, as for results of the immunoreactivity scores of p53 protein and cyclin A in our study, it seemed that those biochemical characters proved that the biological activity level was low (or degenerative). The results of the current study demonstrated that the cytological immunoreactivity of nuclear findings by p53 and cyclin A appear to be more useful for the LBC assessment of endometrial lesions, especially for the discrimination of EGBD and G1.Diagn. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Norimatsu Y.,Ehime Prefectural University of Health Sciences | Shigematsu Y.,Shigei Medical Research Hospital | Sakamoto S.,Red Cross | Ohsaki H.,Ehime Prefectural University of Health Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Diagnostic Cytopathology | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to assess the utility of liquid-based cytologic preparation (LP) compared with conventional preparation (CP) for the assessment of nuclear findings in endometrial glandular and stromal breakdown (EGBD) which may be misdiagnosed as carcinoma in EGBD cases. The material consists of cytologic smears including 20 cases of proliferative endometrium (PE), 20 cases of EGBD, and 20 cases of endometrioid adenocarcinoma grade1 (G1) for which histopathological diagnosis was obtained by endometrial curettage at the JA Suzuka General Hospital. Nuclear findings were examined in PE cells, EGBD-stromal cells, EGBD-metaplastic cells, and G1 cells, respectively. It was examined about the following items; (1) nuclear shape; (2) A long/minor axis ratio in cell nuclei; (3) an area of cell nuclei; (4) overlapping nuclei. Results are as follows: (1) nuclear shape; as for the reniform shape of EGBD-stromal cells and spindle shape of EGBD-metaplastic cells, the ratio of the LP method was a higher value than the CP method. (2) The long axis and area of cell nuclei; LP in all groups was a recognizable tendency for nuclear shrinkage. (3) The long/minor axis ratio in cell nuclei; only EGBD-metaplastic cells recognize a significant difference between CP and LP. (4) Overlapping nuclei; LP was a higher value in comparison with CP in the other groups except PE cells, and the degree of overlapping nuclei was enhanced about three times. Therefore, although a cell of LP has a shrinking tendency, (1) it is excellent that LP preserves a characteristic of nuclear shape than CP; (2) a cellular characteristic becomes clearer, because three-dimensional architecture of LP is preserved of than CP. As for the standard preparation method for endometrial cytology samples, we considered that a concrete introduction of the LP method poses no problems. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2013. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Norimatsu Y.,Ehime Prefectural University of Health Sciences | Shigematsu Y.,Shigei Medical Research Hospital | Sakamoto S.,Red Cross | Ohsaki H.,Ehime Prefectural University of Health Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Diagnostic Cytopathology | Year: 2012

This study was to clarify the nuclear features of "condensed clusters of stromal cells (EGBD-stromal cells)" and "metaplastic clumps with irregular protrusions (EGBD-metaplastic cells)" which may be recognized in endometrial glandular and stromal breakdown (EGBD) cases in liquid-based cytologic (LBC) preparations of endometrial brushings. The material consists of cytologic smears of 20 cases of proliferative endometrium (PE), 20 cases of EGBD, and 20 cases of endometrioid adenocarcinoma grade 1 (G1) for which histopathological diagnosis was obtained by endometrial curettage. Nuclear findings were examined in PE cells, EGBD-stromal cells, EGBD-metaplastic cells, and G1 cells, respectively. It was examined about the following items: (1) Nuclear shape; (2) A long/minor axis ratio in cell nuclei; (3) An area of cell nuclei; (4) Overlapping nuclei; (5) The distribution pattern of nuclei within cell clusters. The following observations were made: (1) In PE cells, round-oval nuclei appeared to predominate, overlapping nuclei were not observed, and a slightly abnormal distribution pattern of nuclei was recorded; (2) In EGBD-stromal cells, reniform nuclei were characteristically observed, nuclei had small size and a generally elongated appearance, overlapping nuclei were recognized, and a remarkable abnormal distribution pattern of nuclei was found; (3) In EGBD-metaplastic cells, spindle nuclei were a characteristic feature, nuclei were larger in size and had a bipolar appearance, overlapping nuclei with moderately abnormal distribution pattern of nuclei were identified; (4) In G1 cells round-oval nuclei predominated, overlapping nuclei with moderately abnormal distribution pattern of nuclei were found. The study demonstrates that the analysis of selected nuclear findings appears to be very useful in the cytopathological assessment of endometrial lesions in LBC samples, especially for the discrimination of EGBD and G1. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Sasada S.,Mihara Medical Associations Hospital | Ukon K.,Mihara Medical Associations Hospital | Sato Y.,Mihara Medical Associations Hospital | Okusaki K.,Mihara Medical Associations Hospital
Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy | Year: 2013

A 83-year-old man presented at our hospital with hemosputum, and Stage IIIB (T4N3M0) lung cancer was diagnosed after thorough examinations. Although systemic chemotherapy was performed and kept the disease stable, anemia progressed. The fecal occult blood was recognized, and the enhanced abdominal CT scan revealed a 8 cm enhanced small intestinal tumor. Laboratory data indicated the presence of an inflammatory reaction (WBC 17,970/mm3, CRP 1.38 mg/dL), and the serum granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) was elevated (104.0 pg/mL). A small intestinal tumor with hemorrhage and G-CSF production was diagnosed, and laparoscopy-assisted partial resection of the small intestine was performed. On histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings, the intestinal tumor was diagnosed as a small bowel metastasis originating from a primary lung cancer. After surgery, anemia progression stopped and WBC kept at a normal range. Although systemic chemotherapy was resumed because of performance status improvement, the disease progressed gradually. The patient received best supportive care and died about 9 months after the diagnosis of small bowel metastasis. Source

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