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Fukuta S.,Aichi Agricultural Research Center | Takahashi R.,Aichi Agricultural Research Center | Kuroyanagi S.,Aichi Agricultural Research Center | Miyake N.,Aichi Agricultural Research Center | And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Plant Pathology | Year: 2013

A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) reaction with a primer set designed from the rDNA ITS sequence of P. aphanidermatum was developed. Results of a specificity test using 57 strains of Pythium spp. indicated that the LAMP assay gave no cross reactions in other 39 Pythium species, 11 strains of Phytophthora spp. and eight other soil borne pathogens. The detection limit was 10 fg of genomic DNA, which was ten times the sensitivity of the polymerase chain reaction. The LAMP assay was applied to hydroponic solution samples from tomato fields, and the results were compared to those of the conventional plating method. LAMP was observed to be effective for the specific detection of P. aphanidermatum. Furthermore, P. aphanidermatum was detected directly in tomato roots infected with P. aphanidermatum without DNA extraction. The LAMP method established in this study is a simple, sensitive and rapid tool for the detection of P. aphanidermatum. © 2013 KNPV.

Li M.,Gifu University | Li M.,Shaanxi Normal University | Ishiguro Y.,Gifu University | Otsubo K.,Gifu University | And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Plant Pathology | Year: 2014

The high-temperature-tolerant Pythium species P. aphanidermatum, P. helicoides, and P. myriotylum cause serious diseases in many crops under hydroponic culture systems in Japan. Control of the diseases is difficult because these zoosporic pathogens spread quickly. In this study, a real-time PCR method was developed for monitoring the spread of zoospores of the three pathogens. Specific primers and TaqMan probes were established using the internal transcribed spacer regions of the rDNA. Specificity was confirmed using known isolates of each species and closely related non-target species. The sensitivity of DNA detection was 10 f. for each pathogen. 10 f. DNA corresponded to 4 P. aphanidermatum, 3 P. myriotylum, and 4 P. helicoides zoospores, respectively. Therefore, this real-time PCR method was used to evaluate and monitor zoospores in the nutrient solutions of ebb-and-flow irrigation systems for potted flower production and closed hydroponic culture systems for tomato production. The results indicated that the pathogens were present in the hydroponic culture systems throughout the year, and spread before disease occurrence. © 2014 Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging.

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