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Metta K.,MIDSR Dental College and Hospital | Shetty S.,Dental College and Research Center | Agarwal R.,KMCT Dental College Kozhikode
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2014

Background: The effect of inflammation on pathogenesis and biological behavior of odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) and dentigerous cyst (DC) is not completely understood. Hence, we aimed to analyze the effect of inflammation on biological behavior of OKC and DC using a proliferative and anti-apoptotic marker, i.e., proliferative cellular nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Bcl-2, respectively. Materials and Methods: Immunohistochemical staining was performed using anti-PCNA and Bcl-2 antibody in 10 cases each of classical OKC, inflamed OKC and classical DC and inflamed DC. Results: Inflamed OKC and DC showed a significant increase in PCNA expression and decrease in Bcl-2 expression when compared with non-inflamed cyst. Correlation between inflammation and proliferative and anti-apoptotic activity was found to be statistically non-significant. Conclusion: Inflammation is responsible for change in behavior of neoplastic epithelium of OKC and hence should be treated meticulously, whereas in DC it is responsible for changes in the epithelial lining. Source

Ramu Reddy M.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Kumarmetta K.,MIDSR Dental College and Hospital | Sudheer Charryn N.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Avinash C.K A.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science | Chittaranjan B.,Kamineni Institute of Dental science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

The most common site of fracture in a maxillary or a mandibular complete denture is along an anteroposterior line that coincides with the labial notch in in the denture which used to provide the frenum relief. Osseointegrated implants have been a boon to the patients who are completelly edentulous and are not satisfied with the conventional removable complete denture approach.Implant supported dentures have proven to provide superior retention and support for removable complete dentures. Nevertheless, fracture of the denture bases is a common complication of implant-supported mandibular overlay dentures, ecspecially when the artificial denture is opposing natural dentition. This article describes and illustrates a method of reinforcing implant-supported mandibular overdentures to overcome this problem. © 2014, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved. Source

Saraf K.,SMBT Dental College and Hospital | Shashikanth M.C.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Priya T.,Mamata Dental College | Sultana N.,MIDSR Dental College and Hospital | Chaitanya N.C.S.K.,Mamata Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Association of Physicians of India | Year: 2010

Probiotics are dietary supplements containing potentially beneficial bacteria or yeasts. They are administered in different quantities that allow for colon colonization. These products help in stimulating health promoting flora and also suppressing the pathologic colonization and disease spread. The use of probiotic plays an important aspect in dentistry too ever since the oral infections occupied the prime space among the other infections effecting the humans. This concept of microbial ecologic change both for medical and dental changes has accumulated a lot of evidence in recent times. But to date, no substantial literature and use has been postulated. There are claims that probiotics strengthen the immune system to combat allergies, stress, exposure to toxic substances and other diseases. There are reports of their beneficial use in HIV infection and cancers, mostly, the colo-rectal carcinomas. Their use in pre malignant and malignant oral disorders is yet to be probed. Strains of genera lactobacillus and bifidobacterium are the most widely used probiotic bacteria. This review is an attempt to discuss briefly the role of probiotics in medicine and dentistry. © JAPI. Source

Ugale G.M.,MIDSR Dental College and Hospital | Kalburgi N.B.,PMNM Dental College and Hospital | Bilichodmath S.,Rajarajeshwari Dental College | Warad S.B.,PMNM Dental College and Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2015

Background: The host immune response to bacterial dental plaque determines periodontal disease susceptibility by increasing the secretion of inflammatory cytokines. The Epidermal Growth Factor family cytokines stimulate proliferation and keratinization of cells in dermis and oral epithelium. Epidermal Growth Factor family consists of Amphiregulin, Betacellulin, Epiregulin, Epigen, Heparin binding Epidermal Growth Factor like growth factor and transforming Growth Factor-alpha. Aim: The current study aimed to investigate expression of Betacellulin in chronic periodontitis patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus and thereby assessing role of betacellulin in periodontal health and disease. Materials and Methods: Present study comprised of 90 participants, age ranges from 18 to 60-year-old, for the period of March 2010 to May 2011. Participants were categorized into three groups based Gingival index (GI), probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CA Loss). Group 1 consisted 30 individuals with clinically healthy periodontium, Group-2 consisted 30 individuals with GI>1, PD≥5 mm, and CA Loss>3 mm. Group-3 (Chronic Periodontitis with type 2 diabetes mellitus) consisted 30 with GI >1, PD≥5 mm, and CA Loss>3 mm. Immunohistochemical localization and quantification of Betacellulin was done in gingival tissue samples from all groups. Results: Data showed expression of Betacellulin were higher in chronic periodontitis as compared to healthy. A positive correlation found in Betacellulin expression and Probing Depth in chronic periodontitis. Conclusion: This footmark study impacts the role of Betacellulin in pathogenesis and progression of periodontal disease which will help in exploration of novel immunotherapeutic strategies and immunological research activity in this field. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved. Source

Dahake P.T.,MIDSR Dental College and Hospital | Shelke A.U.,Dr Hedgewar Smruti Rugna Seva Dental College | Kale Y.J.,MIDSR Dental College and Hospital | Iyer V.V.,Dental College and Research Center
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2015

Presence or eruption of teeth immediately at or after birth is a rarely reported phenomenon. This condition is referred to as natal teeth, neonatal teeth, congenital teeth, fetal teeth, predeciduous teeth and dentitia praecox. The most affected teeth are lower primary central incisors with the incidence of 1:2000 for natal and 1:3500 for neonatal teeth. The aetiology of this anomaly is still not clear, however, attributes have been reported in relation to congenital teeth, multiple factors and some syndromes. The management of such cases depends on clinical characteristics of natal or neonatal teeth, as well as complications that they might cause. The aim of this paper is to discuss a rare case of occurrence of two natal teeth in both premature dizygotic twin female babies with specific emphasis on the literature review related to concerns regarding prevalence, aetiology, clinical characteristics, differential diagnosis, complications and management. ©2015 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Source

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