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Gweru, Zimbabwe

Midlands State University is a university in Zimbabwe offering courses mainly in the commercial and arts sector. The university was previously called Gweru Teachers' College, which was primarily a teacher training college under the University of Zimbabwe. For the first three years, the curriculum was decided by the University of Zimbabwe but now is operating independently.The commercial degrees are modelled on the University of South Africa curriculum. It offers degrees in commerce with specialisation in fields such as accounting , Finance, Quantitative Analysis, Marketing, and Business Management.The main campus is located in Senga area, south east of Gweru central about 15 km .It is close to Fletcher Boys High School. Wikipedia.

Munodawafa A.,Midlands State University
Physics and Chemistry of the Earth | Year: 2011

Soil erosion results in soil degradation through loss of topsoil and organic matter, coupled with loss of plant nutrients. This generally results in yield decline but the relationship between land degradation and subsequent yield decline is still very unclear. To assess this relationship maize was grown on field plots, which were excavated to different depths to represent the erosion levels ranging from 1 (no erosion) to 5 (severe erosion). The plots were further split to allow for two fertiliser levels. Maize yields declined significantly at P<0.001 with increase in erosion. Under normal fertiliser, maize grain yields declined at 131kgha -1 for every cm of soil depth lost while under double fertilised plots the decrease was 158kgha -1. Using increased fertiliser amounts only yielded benefits on uneroded and slightly eroded soils, after which there was no yield benefit. This study proved that soil erosion, under granitic sandy soils, results in the decline of soil productivity and that fertilisers cannot mask these effects after ∼10cm of topsoil have been lost. It is therefore, important to conserve the soil, as redressing the effects of erosion using fertilisers can be very costly but still remain ineffective. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Jerie S.,Midlands State University
Journal of Environmental and Public Health | Year: 2016

This study identifies and analyses the occupational risks associated with solid waste management practices in the informal enterprises of Gweru. Many concerns have been raised about the potential harm from waste to the environment and the general public, but the risks and consequent costs of occupational hazards in waste management have received little attention in the rush to adopt or adapt technologies such as composting. A multimethods research design that triangulates qualitative and quantitative research paradigms is employed in this study. The quantitative design involves physical characterisation of solid waste through material component separation and measurements as well as a questionnaire survey that investigates the risks associated with waste management. The qualitative component includes interviews, open-ended questionnaires, and field observations. Occupational risks occur at every stage in the waste management process, from the point where workers handle waste in the enterprises for collection or recycling to the point of ultimate disposal. Key findings from the study revealed that solid waste management practices are dominated by manual handling tasks hence the higher incidents of muscular-skeletal disorders. Other safety and health hazards associated with waste management in the informal enterprises of Gweru include incidents of diarrhoea, viral hepatitis, and higher incidents of obstructive and restrictive disorders. © 2016 Steven Jerie.

Mkono M.,Midlands State University
Journal of Foodservice Business Research | Year: 2011

This study analyzes tipping practices and policies in Zimbabwe's hotel industry from the perspective of restaurant waiters. The majority of respondents reported that discretionary tipping, as opposed to service charges, is the norm and that most hotels have a tip-pooling system. The findings show that guests who are expected to tip well, based largely on stereotypes as well as past tipping behavior, get better service treatment from waiters. Among themselves, waiters said that the culture of tipping has a huge impact on their work relationships. Most waiters presumed the pooling of tips to be an unfair practice. © 2011 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Nyahunzvi D.K.,Midlands State University
Journal for Nature Conservation | Year: 2014

It has been observed that the resurgence in resource nationalism in the past decade worldwide has profound implications for all economic sectors including protected areas. However, a review of the international protected area literature reveals a paucity of studies that make use of the construct of resource nationalism as an analytical framework. This paper addresses this gap by bringing to the fore how Zimbabwe's ZANU PF (the political party that brought the country's independence in 1980) has deployed and extended this construct from the 2000 land reform programme to one of the world's largest private wildlife sanctuaries, namely the Save Valley Conservancy (SVC). In doing so, the paper relies extensively on the narratives, debates and legitimations of the ruling elite and other stakeholders around the recent 'indigenisation' of the SVC. It was found that a range of actors attempted to use resource nationalism as a 'resource' to further their own private economic and political interests whilst others resorted to the conservation discourse. One of the main conclusions of this paper is that managers of protected areas need to be sensitive to the resurgence in resource nationalism. In this connection, it is argued that the ability to negotiate the resurgence in resource nationalism will determine the fate of some private protected areas. The study suggests possible solutions around the indigenisation of SVC and points to future research priorities. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH.

Sillah R.M.,Midlands State University
Jamba: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies | Year: 2015

Disasters have increased in intensity and frequency in recent times. However, disasters do not affect all groups in a society in a similar manner. This article, based mainly on qualitative desk research and document analysis, aims to illuminate the specific vulnerability of children to hazards and disasters. The research showed that owing to their special physiological, psychological, emotional and economic stature, children are an inherently vulnerable group. The paper advocates for existing disaster management structures and systems in Zimbabwe to elevate reduction of disaster risk amongst children within the scope of child protection, which aims to create a protective environment that shelters children from any form of harm or abuse. The paper proffers recommendations on how to design disaster management programmes in Zimbabwe with the needs of children in mind. © 2015. The Authors.

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