Gweru, Zimbabwe

Midlands State University
Gweru, Zimbabwe

Midlands State University is a university in Zimbabwe offering courses mainly in the commercial and arts sector. The university was previously called Gweru Teachers' College, which was primarily a teacher training college under the University of Zimbabwe. For the first three years, the curriculum was decided by the University of Zimbabwe but now is operating independently.The commercial degrees are modelled on the University of South Africa curriculum. It offers degrees in commerce with specialisation in fields such as accounting , Finance, Quantitative Analysis, Marketing, and Business Management.The main campus is located in Senga area, south east of Gweru central about 15 km .It is close to Fletcher Boys High School. Wikipedia.

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Gwirayi P.,Midlands State University
Journal of Sexual Aggression | Year: 2013

Child sexual abuse is a social and public health concern locally and worldwide because it is associated with numerous and serious short-and long-term devastating consequences. This study investigated the prevalence of child sexual abuse among day secondary school pupils in Gweru, Zimbabwe. The sample comprised 268 secondary pupils (50% female; mean age=15.42, standard deviation=1.376). Data were collected by administering the Child Abuse Screening Tool Children's Version (ICAST-C). The study found an overall prevalence rate of 56.3%, with no significant gender differences. Both non-contact and contact forms of sexual abuse were prevalent. Both adults and peers were reported as perpetrators. Perpetrators were reported to be familiar people, which is consistent with the observation that the home was reported as the major place where abuse was perpetrated. Compared to western studies, this study showed higher rates for the various forms of child sexual abuse. © 2013 National Organisation for the Treatment of Abusers.

Mehlana G.,Midlands State University | Bourne S.A.,University of Cape Town
CrystEngComm | Year: 2017

This paper examines chromic metal-organic frameworks, an important class of materials owing to their applications in several technological fields. These materials change their absorption spectra upon application of an external stimuli such as heat, pressure, light etc. This review explores recent advancements in photochromic, thermochromic, solvatochromic, and piezochromic metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Emphasis is directed towards the design of chromic MOFs as well as the mechanisms associated with the colour change upon application of an external stimulus. Compared to traditional organic and inorganic materials, MOFs show exceptional chromic behavior as they can be fine-tuned to tailor the desired properties. © 2017 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Jerie S.,Midlands State University
Journal of Environmental and Public Health | Year: 2016

This study identifies and analyses the occupational risks associated with solid waste management practices in the informal enterprises of Gweru. Many concerns have been raised about the potential harm from waste to the environment and the general public, but the risks and consequent costs of occupational hazards in waste management have received little attention in the rush to adopt or adapt technologies such as composting. A multimethods research design that triangulates qualitative and quantitative research paradigms is employed in this study. The quantitative design involves physical characterisation of solid waste through material component separation and measurements as well as a questionnaire survey that investigates the risks associated with waste management. The qualitative component includes interviews, open-ended questionnaires, and field observations. Occupational risks occur at every stage in the waste management process, from the point where workers handle waste in the enterprises for collection or recycling to the point of ultimate disposal. Key findings from the study revealed that solid waste management practices are dominated by manual handling tasks hence the higher incidents of muscular-skeletal disorders. Other safety and health hazards associated with waste management in the informal enterprises of Gweru include incidents of diarrhoea, viral hepatitis, and higher incidents of obstructive and restrictive disorders. © 2016 Steven Jerie.

Munodawafa A.,Midlands State University
Physics and Chemistry of the Earth | Year: 2011

Soil erosion results in soil degradation through loss of topsoil and organic matter, coupled with loss of plant nutrients. This generally results in yield decline but the relationship between land degradation and subsequent yield decline is still very unclear. To assess this relationship maize was grown on field plots, which were excavated to different depths to represent the erosion levels ranging from 1 (no erosion) to 5 (severe erosion). The plots were further split to allow for two fertiliser levels. Maize yields declined significantly at P<0.001 with increase in erosion. Under normal fertiliser, maize grain yields declined at 131kgha -1 for every cm of soil depth lost while under double fertilised plots the decrease was 158kgha -1. Using increased fertiliser amounts only yielded benefits on uneroded and slightly eroded soils, after which there was no yield benefit. This study proved that soil erosion, under granitic sandy soils, results in the decline of soil productivity and that fertilisers cannot mask these effects after ∼10cm of topsoil have been lost. It is therefore, important to conserve the soil, as redressing the effects of erosion using fertilisers can be very costly but still remain ineffective. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Hungwe C.,Midlands State University
Journal of Applied Gerontology | Year: 2010

This study evaluates perceptions on the quality of life of older adults and the extent to which they practiced self-determination in an institution. Participant observation, in-depth interviews, and life histories are used to study 16 older adults and 4 officials who are purposively selected and studied over 2.5 months between July and September 2002. Data are analyzed using the Miles and Huberman approach. Findings reveal that the ability to affect decisions pertaining to one's care positively affects that individual's perception of institutional life. The typical life course of an older male is also discussed. Older adults perceive their quality of life as negative and decreasing because they have little choice on their care and quality of life. The institution is affected by many adverse conditions in a socioeconomic environment, such as inflation at the rate of 4000% per annum, dwindling donor support, little government support, and negative attitudes of officials at Rubatsiro. © 2010 The Author(s).

Mkono M.,Midlands State University
Journal of Foodservice Business Research | Year: 2011

This study analyzes tipping practices and policies in Zimbabwe's hotel industry from the perspective of restaurant waiters. The majority of respondents reported that discretionary tipping, as opposed to service charges, is the norm and that most hotels have a tip-pooling system. The findings show that guests who are expected to tip well, based largely on stereotypes as well as past tipping behavior, get better service treatment from waiters. Among themselves, waiters said that the culture of tipping has a huge impact on their work relationships. Most waiters presumed the pooling of tips to be an unfair practice. © 2011 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Nyahunzvi D.K.,Midlands State University
Journal for Nature Conservation | Year: 2014

It has been observed that the resurgence in resource nationalism in the past decade worldwide has profound implications for all economic sectors including protected areas. However, a review of the international protected area literature reveals a paucity of studies that make use of the construct of resource nationalism as an analytical framework. This paper addresses this gap by bringing to the fore how Zimbabwe's ZANU PF (the political party that brought the country's independence in 1980) has deployed and extended this construct from the 2000 land reform programme to one of the world's largest private wildlife sanctuaries, namely the Save Valley Conservancy (SVC). In doing so, the paper relies extensively on the narratives, debates and legitimations of the ruling elite and other stakeholders around the recent 'indigenisation' of the SVC. It was found that a range of actors attempted to use resource nationalism as a 'resource' to further their own private economic and political interests whilst others resorted to the conservation discourse. One of the main conclusions of this paper is that managers of protected areas need to be sensitive to the resurgence in resource nationalism. In this connection, it is argued that the ability to negotiate the resurgence in resource nationalism will determine the fate of some private protected areas. The study suggests possible solutions around the indigenisation of SVC and points to future research priorities. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH.

Guyo U.,Midlands State University | Mhonyera J.,Midlands State University | Moyo M.,Midlands State University
Process Safety and Environmental Protection | Year: 2015

The potential to remove Pb(II) ion from wastewater treatment systems using raw and treated maize stover through adsorption was investigated in batch experiments. To achieve this, batch mode experiments were conducted choosing specific parameters such as pH (2-8), dosage concentration (2-30 g L-1), contact time (5-180 min), temperature (20-45 °C) and metal ion concentrations (10-50 mg L-1). Adsorption was pH-dependent showing a maximum at pH value 5. The equilibrium sorption capacities of raw and treated maize stover were 19.65 and 27.10 mg g-1, respectively. The adsorption data fitted well to the Langmuir isotherm model. Kinetic studies revealed that the adsorption process followed pseudo-second-order model. The calculated thermodynamic parameters showed that the adsorption of Pb(II) was spontaneous and exothermic in nature. Consequently, this study demonstrated that both raw and treated maize stover could be used as adsorbents for the treatment of Pb(II) from industrial wastewaters. © 2013 The Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

This study critically examines the interactions of some Chivi curio traders with Zimbabwe's depressed tourism trading environment. Findings indicated that curio trading made a marginal contribution to local livelihoods as a result of a slump in international tourism demand. Furthermore, the curio traders’ attempts to exploit the domestic tourism market were penalized by potential buyers’ low disposable incomes. It was established that the curio traders’ extreme household poverty and limited livelihood options compelled them to adopt a “survivalist” mindset. A conclusion is reached that without a radical improvement of a mix of endogenous and exogenous factors, curio trading is bound to remain a fringe activity in the study area. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

In semiarid regions, rainfall is one of the primary factors affecting soil erosion and crop production under rain-fed agriculture. The study sought to quantify the effect of rainfall characteristics on sheet erosion and maize grain yield under different tillage systems. It was carried out under semiarid conditions and infertile sandy soils of Zimbabwe. Rainfall amount and intensity were recorded every 24 hours, while sheet erosion was measured from four tillage systems (Conventional Tillage (CT), Mulch Ripping (MR), Tied Ridging (TR) and Bare Fallow (BF)). Maize (Zea mays L.) was grown on three tillage systems (CT, MR, and TR). Rainfall amount varied significantly (P < 0.001) between seasons (164-994 mm). CT recorded the highest average soil losses (15 t/ha), while MR and TR recorded 1.3 and 1.2 t/ha, respectively. Maize grain yields increased with increasing seasonal rainfall giving yield-responses of 0.9 t/ha (TR) to 1.3 t/ha (MR) for every 100 mm rainfall increment. Overall, treatments didnot differ significantly (P < 0.497), except during drier seasons (P < 0.025). Regression equations showed that yields can be confidently predicted using rainfall amount and time, with R 2 values of 0.82 to 0.94. Maize grain yields proved to be mostly dependent on rainfall amount than fertility. The productivity of the soils decreased with increased length of cultivation. © 2012 Adelaide Munodawafa.

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