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Yamamura H.,Yamanashi University | Ohnishi Y.,University of Tokyo | Ishikawa J.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Ichikawa N.,Tokyo Institute of Technology | And 13 more authors.
Standards in Genomic Sciences

Actinoplanes missouriensis Couch 1963 is a well-characterized member of the genus Actinoplanes, which is of morphological interest because its members typically produce sporangia containing motile spores. The sporangiospores are motile by means of flagella and exhibit chemotactic properties. It is of further interest that members of Actinoplanes are prolific sources of novel antibiotics, enzymes, and other bioactive compounds. Here, we describe the features of A. missouriensis 431T, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. The 8,773,466 bp genome contains 8,125 protein-coding and 79 RNA genes. Source

Konuki K.,MicroBiopharm Japan Co. | Hirasawa I.,Waseda University
Journal of Crystal Growth

D-chiro-inositol (DCI) is prepared by the immobilized enzyme reaction which uses myo-inositol (MI) as the substrate and the conversion rate is about 13%. The aim of this study was to develop a separation method for high purity DCI crystals from a reaction solution including low purity DCI only by the crystallization process. We succeeded in separating DCI crystals of 96% purity by water cooling crystallization, but it was presumed that scale-up was difficult. Although we tried anti-solvent crystallization similar to water cooling crystallization, high purity DCI crystals were not obtained. Therefore, we proposed the crystallization separation process by controlling metastable zones. The purity of a desired compound is controlled by this process, because solid-liquid separation is achieved before crystallization of compound in metastable zone. By the crystallization using this method, the DCI crystals of 97% purity were obtained. Although the yield per batch is about 50%, the actual yield is improved as the last mother liquor returns into the process of the following batch. When this process was repeated, the purity and the yield of DCI were reproduced and the robustness of this process was proved. It is expected that scale-up of this process will be successful, and this purification method could be applicable to similar systems such as separation of isomers and analogs. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Mori M.,Kitasato University | Jeelani G.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Masuda Y.,Kitasato University | Sakai K.,Kitasato University | And 10 more authors.
Frontiers in Microbiology

Amebiasis is a common worldwide diarrheal disease, caused by the protozoan parasite, Entamoeba histolytica. Metronidazole has been a drug of choice against amebiasis for decades despite its known side effects and low efficacy against asymptomatic cyst carriers. E. histolytica is also capable of surviving sub-therapeutic levels of metronidazole in vitro. Novel drugs with different mode of action are therefore urgently needed. The sulfur assimilatory de novo L-cysteine biosynthetic pathway is essential for various cellular activities, including the proliferation and anti-oxidative defense of E. histolytica. Since the pathway, consisting of two reactions catalyzed by serine acetyltransferase (SAT) and cysteine synthase (CS, O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase), does not exist in humans, it is a rational drug target against amebiasis. To discover inhibitors against the CS of E. histolytica (EhCS), the compounds of Kitasato Natural Products Library were screened against two recombinant CS isozymes: EhCS1 and EhCS3. Nine compounds inhibited EhCS1 and EhCS3 with IC50 values of 0.31-490 μM. Of those, seven compounds share a naphthoquinone moiety, indicating the structural importance of the moiety for binding to the active site of EhCS1 and EhCS3. We further screened >9,000 microbial broths for CS inhibition and purified two compounds, xanthofulvin and exophillic acid from fungal broths. Xanthofulvin inhibited EhCS1 and EhCS3. Exophillic acid showed high selectivity against EhCS1, but exhibited no inhibition against EhCS3. In vitro anti-amebic activity of the 11 EhCS inhibitors was also examined. Deacetylkinamycin C and nanaomycin A showed more potent amebicidal activity with IC50 values of 18 and 0.8 μM, respectively, in the cysteine deprived conditions. The differential sensitivity of trophozoites against deacetylkinamycin C in the presence or absence of L-cysteine in the medium and the IC50 values against EhCS suggest the amebicidal effect of deacetylkinamycin C is due to CS inhibition. © 2015 Mori, Jeelani, Masuda, Sakai, Tsukui, Waluyo, Tarwadi, Watanabe, Nonaka, Matsumoto, Omura, Nozaki and Shiomi. Source

Kikuchi H.,Tohoku University | Hoshikawa T.,Tohoku University | Fujimura S.,Tohoku University | Sakata N.,MicroBiopharm Japan Co. | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Natural Products

Innate immunity is the front line of self-defense against microbial infection. After searching for natural compounds that regulate innate immunity using an ex vivo Drosophila culture system, we identified a new cyclic depsipeptide, aspergillicin F, from the fungus Aspergillus sp., as an innate immune suppressor. The total synthesis and biological evaluation of the aspergillicin family, including aspergillicin F, were performed, revealing that slight structural differences in the side chains of amino acid residues alter innate immunity-regulating activity. (Chemical Equation Presented). © 2015 The American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy. Source

MicroBiopharm Japan Co. | Date: 2013-06-12

A method for producing cis-5-hydroxy-L-pipecolic acid is described. A gene recombinant microorganism enabling direct production of cis-5-hydroxy-L-pipecolic acid can be used in the method. Also described is a gene recombinant microorganism. In particular, it is described that a gene recombinant microorganism having DNAs encoding proteins involved in the biosynthesis of L-pipecolic acid and a DNA encoding a protein having the L-pipecolic acid cis-5-hydroxylase activity is cultured in a medium, and cis-5-hydroxy-L-pipecolic acid is collected from the medium.

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