Niebauer T.M.,Micro g LaCoste Inc.
Applied Optics | Year: 2013
Both interferometers and frequency-modulated (FM) radios create sinusoidal signals with phase information that must be recovered. Often these two applications use narrow band signals but some applications create signals with a large bandwidth. For example, accelerated mirrors in an interferometer naturally create a chirped frequency that linearly increases with time. Chirped carriers are also used for spread-spectrum,FM transmission to reduce interference or avoid detection. In both applications, it is important to recover the underlying phase modulations that are superimposed on the chirped carrier. A common way to treat a chirped waveform is to fit zero crossings of the signal. For lower signal-to-noise applications, however, it is helpful to have a technique that utilizes data over the entire waveform (not just at zero crossings).We present a technique called analytic signal demodulation (ASD), which employs a complex heterodyne of the analytic signal to fully demodulate the chirped waveform. ASD has a much higher sensitivity for recovering phase information than is possible using a chirp demodulation on the raw data. This paper introduces a phase residual function, Rθ, that forms an analytic signal and provides a complex demodulation from the received signal in one step. The function defines a phase residual at each point on the chirped waveform, not just at the zero crossings. ASD allows sensitive detection of phase-modulated signals with a very small modulation index (much less than 0.01) that would otherwise be swamped by noise if the raw signal were complex demodulated. The mathematics used to analyze a phase-modulated chirped signal is quite general and can easily be extended for frequency profiles more complicated than a simple chirp. © 2013 Optical Society of America.
Micro g LaCoste Inc. | Date: 2012-07-25
A gravity gradient is measured interferometrically from two light beams which each reflect from both of two freefalling test masses. The light beams project in beam arms which remain equal in length as the two test masses freefall except for different effects of gravity on each test mass and any initial relative velocity difference imparted to the test masses. The optical path length of the beam arms also change equally and oppositely during freefall, to amplify the interferometric effect by four times. A high level of common mode rejection eliminates many spurious influences.
Micro g LaCoste Inc. | Date: 2015-03-05
A gradient of gravity is defined by a change in the optical path length required to maintain equality in optical path lengths of two beam arms which direct light beams to impinge upon and reflect from two freefalling test masses.
Micro g LaCoste Inc. | Date: 2012-08-15
A differential gradient of gravity is directly measured from the interferometric combination of two light beams which reflect from pairs of three freefalling test masses. Optical path lengths of two beam arms change relative to one another because of differential gradient of gravity effects the test masses differently simultaneous freefall. The relatively large background of gravity and the gradient of gravity are eliminated from the measurement while simultaneously achieving a high level of common mode rejection of other spurious influences.
Micro g LaCoste Inc. | Date: 2013-03-12
Incident differently-polarized light beams are separately directed and combined by one or two corner cube structures, each having one or two walls formed as a beam splitter. One incident light beam is passed, while the other incident light beam is reflected.