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Bao D.,Micro and Nano Material Research Institute | Gao P.,Micro and Nano Material Research Institute | Shen X.,Micro and Nano Material Research Institute | Chang C.,Micro and Nano Material Research Institute | And 7 more authors.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces

The design and synthesis of new hydrogen storage nanomaterials with high capacity at low cost is extremely desirable but remains challenging for today's development of hydrogen economy. Because of the special honeycomb structures and excellent physical and chemical characters, fullerenes have been extensively considered as ideal materials for hydrogen storage materials. To take the most advantage of its distinctive symmetrical carbon cage structure, we have uniformly coated C60′s surface with metal cobalt in nanoscale to form a core/shell structure through a simple ball-milling process in this work. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), Raman spectra, high-solution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX) elemental mappings, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements have been conducted to evaluate the size and the composition of the composites. In addition, the blue shift of C60 pentagonal pinch mode demonstrates the formation of Co-C chemical bond, and which enhances the stability of the as-obtained nanocomposites. And their electrochemical experimental results demonstrate that the as-obtained C60/Co composites have excellent electrochemical hydrogen storage cycle reversibility and considerably high hydrogen storage capacities of 907 mAh/g (3.32 wt % hydrogen) under room temperature and ambient pressure, which is very close to the theoretical hydrogen storage capacities of individual metal Co (3.33 wt % hydrogen). Furthermore, their hydrogen storage processes and the mechanism have also been investigated, in which the quasi-reversible C 60/Coâ†C60/Co-Hx reaction is the dominant cycle process. © 2014 American Chemical Society. Source

Bao D.,Micro and Nano Material Research Institute | Bao D.,Harbin Normal University | Gao P.,Micro and Nano Material Research Institute | Wang Y.,Micro and Nano Material Research Institute | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Physical Chemistry C

In this paper, Cd(OH)2 1D three-side nanobelt architectures have been fabricated through a facile two-phase reaction system. Considering their electropositive character proven by zeta potential measurement, the as-obtained Cd(OH)2 nanomaterials have been applied to capture negatively charged DNA. On the basis of the above results, the Cd(OH)2 nanomaterials have been employed for trapping negatively charged double-stranded DNA molecules (salmon sperm DNA). Assisted by the detailed observation of their DNA interaction results as well as through UV - vis spectroscopy, infrared imaging automatic target recognition (IRATR) and inductive coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES) measurements, it has been clearly shown that this 1D nanoarchitecture can effectively trap and release DNA molecules without use of any other organic reagents. In addition, a miniaturized electrochemical DNA-releasing device based on the Cd(OH)2 1D three-side nanobelt architectures has been fabricated. Using this device, it is possible to recycle the Cd(OH)2nanostructures. In addition, the Cd(OH)2 nanomaterials maintain their nanostructures, and no Cd2+ ions were released in repeated DNA separation and transfer processes, which demonstrate their practicality for DNA trapping. (Figure Presented). © 2015 American Chemical Society. Source

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