Michurinsk State Agrarian University

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Michurinsk, Russia
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PubMed | I V Michurin All Russia Research And Development Institute Of Fruit Crops Genetics And Selection, Russian Academy of Sciences, Michurinsk State Agrarian University and I V Michurin All Russia Research And Development Institute Of Gardening
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Physical review. E | Year: 2016

The effect of the statistical properties of light on the value of the photoinduced reaction of the biological objects, which differ in the morphological and physiological characteristics, the optical properties, and the size of cells, was studied. The fruit of apple trees, the pollen of cherries, the microcuttings of blackberries in vitro, and the spores and the mycelium of fungi were irradiated by quasimonochromatic light fluxes with identical energy parameters but different values of coherence length and radius of correlation. In all cases, the greatest stimulation effect occurred when the cells completely fit in the volume of the coherence of the field, while both temporal and spatial coherence have a significant and mathematically certain impact on the physiological activity of cells. It was concluded that not only the spectral, but also the statistical (coherent) properties of the acting light play an important role in the photoregulation process.


Myagkova E.A.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2015

In the paper the questions of formation of innovation strategy of development of the agricultural organization and investments options that allow agricultural commodity producers carrying out the expanded reproduction are considered. © Copyright EM International.


Kirpicheva E.V.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2015

Eating has always been, is, and will be a crucial aspect in the life of man. What and the way we eat vividly reflect the distinctive features of the daily way of life of many generations of our ancestors. Food and everything related to it is an indispensable part of the material culture of any nation. The alimentary regimen of Russians has been formed under the influence of all kinds of various factors - economic, natural, and religious. Life in Russia had always been shaped based on the canons of Orthodoxy, so religion had made a tangible impact on the nation's traditions, including its alimentary customs and eating culture. Wittingly or unwittingly, many present-day sanative, dietary methodologies that are developed and adopted in traditional and non-traditional medicine are using the practical centuries-tested ecclesiastical experience, and the study of traditions related to joint meals in patriarchal Russian families can help in shaping the alimentary conduct and alimentary culture of children in the 21st century. © Copyright EM International.


Nikolashin V.P.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2015

In this paper the author researched the problem of development of agrarian forms and models of production as well as dynamics of social and economic relations in the late of nineteenth and early of twentieth centuries. At that the both government and peasantry were in the permanent confrontation condition that in crisis period was turned into antagonism. Social structure of a village was determined by content of Russian agrarian reforms. © Copyright EM International.


Shcherbakov N.V.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2015

This article addresses issues related to the formation of a state cadastral real estate registration system in present-day conditions, a system that would facilitate the effective use of land and real estate. © Copyright EM International.


Zaidelman F.R.,Moscow State University | Nikiforova A.S.,Moscow State University | Stepantsova L.V.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University | Volokhina V.P.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Eurasian Soil Science | Year: 2012

Dark gray soils in the Tambov Plain are developed from the light-textured glaciofluvial deposits underlain by the calcareous loam. Their morphology, water regime, and productivity are determined by the depth of the slightly permeable calcareous loamy layer, relief, and the degree of gleyzation. The light texture of the upper layer is responsible for its weak structure, high density, the low content of productive moisture, and the low water-holding capacity. If the calcareous loam is at a depth of 100-130 cm, dark gray soils are formed; if it lies at a depth of 40-70 cm, temporary perched water appears in the profile, and dark gray contact-gleyed soils are formed. Their characteristic pedofeatures are skeletans in the upper layers, calcareous nodules in the loamy clay layer, and iron nodules in the podzolized humus and podzolic horizons. The appearance of Fe-Mn concretions is related to gleyzation. The high yield of winter cereals is shown to be produced on the dark gray soils; the yields of spring crops are less stable. Spring cereals should not be grown on the contact-gleyed dark gray soils. © 2012 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Blinnikova O.M.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University | Eliseeva L.G.,Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Voprosy Pitaniia | Year: 2016

The method of producing enriched with selenium berries and fruits has been investigated. The objects of research were plants and berries of edible honeysuckle variety Kingfisher, of garden strawberry variety Korona, of Actinidia kolomikta variety Soroka, the fruits of a field ash variety Sorbinka and the black chokeberry's fruits variety Chernookaya. Enrichment with the selenium of berries and fruits of these cultures has been performed by the method of single and double foliar treatment of plants with aqueous sodium selenate (concentration of 1.2 and 3 mg/l) during the formation of fruits and berries. Reprocessing had been performed in 10 days after the first one. It was found out that the use of plants' re-processing didn't contribute to greater accumulation of selenium in berries and fruits, according to the single treatment, that's why it is inefficient. Using enrichment, providing the maximum concentration of selenium in the working solution - 3 mg/l is the most optimal to increase its content in the honeysuckle - by 5.2 fold; in the strawberry - by 3.9 fold; in Actinidia - 3 fold; in the field ash and black chokeberry's fruits - by 2.7 fold. The content of selenium (pg/100 g) in enriched berries of the honeysuckle was 32.3-35.2; the strawberry - 11.7-13.1; Actinidia kolomikta - 3.5-4.1; the fruits of the field ash ordinary - 4.6-5.1, Aronia - 2.8-3.2. Eating fortified fruit and berries will contribute to the prevention of selenium deficiency in the body. Thus, intake of 100 g honeysuckle's berries helps cover the daily requirement of selenium in 47.9-60.9%, the strawberry - in 18.0-22.9%, actinidia' berries, the field ash and black chokeberry's fruits - in 4.3-8.7%.


Kozaev I.S.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University | Kaliuzhnyi M.S.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia | Year: 2014

Lead: The article proves the importance of theoretical and methodological approaches to the modernisation of the dairy unit. The authors point out the reasons for ineffective modernisation and describe the methods for designing an innovative plan and programme of modernisation. The article explains the interconnection of the dairy industry state ad implementation of the state's food security concept.


Kozaev I.S.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University | Dementyev V.I.,Soyuz Agroplus Ltd
Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia | Year: 2014

Milk is the most important staple food, the development of production of which, according to V.I. Lenin, "indicates improvement of well-being and nutrition conditions of the population"1 and plays the main role in the food security of the country. In the circumstances of market relations, the development of milk production depends on its effectiveness, as there are no capitalists who would work at a loss. Therefore, the problem of effectiveness of milk production has become very important.


Patent
Michurinsk State Agrarian University | Date: 2012-12-06

A new and distinct Malus domestica plant used as a rootstock that exhibits a good rooting ability and vegetative propagation.

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