Michurinsk State Agrarian University

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Michurinsk, Russia
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Papihin R.V.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University | Yandovka L.F.,Herzen State Pedagogical University
Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal | Year: 2014

The migration of chromatin between cells in microsporogenesis in Cerasus fruticosa Pall occurs through plasmodesma or by cell fusion. Cytomixis is detected in 13.0% of anthers. Cytomixis often occurs at the earliest stages of chromosome condensation in prophase I (leptonema, zigonema) and develops as a full cell fusion. This anomaly begins with the formation of 1-3 cytoplasmic canals between meiocytes. Then the canals begin to increase in size. Both cells unite. The cytomixis consequences occur at different stages. At the meiosis final stages the chromatin that migrates into the recipient cell is defined as micronuclei or cytomixis polyads. The transfer of nuclear material can occur between two at most cells. The limiting factor of chromatin multiple multidirectional migration is the microsporocytes contact density in the anther. The chromosomes migration causes sporogenic cells sterilization. Cytomixis has been observed during microsporogenesis in tapetal anther cells.


Vasilevich V.A.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal | Year: 2014

Grapes is a valuable crop; it is not only an important nutritional source but also a product of multiple therapeutic characteristics. There are only 4 varieties of grapes adapted and officially approved for the Tambov region. Despite the narrow choice these varieties while being cultivated according to the covering system, can significantly extend the assortment of grapes, improve product quality and extend the consumption period. The berries of this culture in the Tambov region accumulate a sufficient amount of sugars and taste good.


Michurinsk K.O.V.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal | Year: 2014

The main features of hybridization and selection of perennial and annual flower plants on the example of a Gladiolus hybridus hort. and annual asters (Callistephus chinensis (L.) Nees) are presented. The sources of valuable decorative, economic, and biological qualities recommended for further selection are described. The main directions of gladiolus and annual aster selective breeding are specified.


Fedorovich P.V.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal | Year: 2014

The process of fruit set of 10 apple varieties (Malusdomestica) having a different percentage of flavonols and water-soluble substances (WSS) in the pollen was studied. It was determined that the cultivars having higher content of flavonols and WSS in the pollen have a greater tendency to self-pollination; they are also better pollinators while cross-pollination. The percentage of phlorizin level in the styles of flower pistils of the same apple varieties was detected. It was also identified that varieties containing higher level of phlorizin in pistils have less pronounced tendency to self-pollination; their fruit set is weak while cross pollination. The conclusions about the possibility of using the flavonols percentage level in the pollen and phlorizin one in the styles of pistils as parameters for evaluation of the propensity to self-pollination and cross-fertility of apple varieties were done.


Myagkova E.A.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2015

In the paper the questions of formation of innovation strategy of development of the agricultural organization and investments options that allow agricultural commodity producers carrying out the expanded reproduction are considered. © Copyright EM International.


Kirpicheva E.V.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2015

Eating has always been, is, and will be a crucial aspect in the life of man. What and the way we eat vividly reflect the distinctive features of the daily way of life of many generations of our ancestors. Food and everything related to it is an indispensable part of the material culture of any nation. The alimentary regimen of Russians has been formed under the influence of all kinds of various factors - economic, natural, and religious. Life in Russia had always been shaped based on the canons of Orthodoxy, so religion had made a tangible impact on the nation's traditions, including its alimentary customs and eating culture. Wittingly or unwittingly, many present-day sanative, dietary methodologies that are developed and adopted in traditional and non-traditional medicine are using the practical centuries-tested ecclesiastical experience, and the study of traditions related to joint meals in patriarchal Russian families can help in shaping the alimentary conduct and alimentary culture of children in the 21st century. © Copyright EM International.


Nikolashin V.P.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2015

In this paper the author researched the problem of development of agrarian forms and models of production as well as dynamics of social and economic relations in the late of nineteenth and early of twentieth centuries. At that the both government and peasantry were in the permanent confrontation condition that in crisis period was turned into antagonism. Social structure of a village was determined by content of Russian agrarian reforms. © Copyright EM International.


Shcherbakov N.V.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2015

This article addresses issues related to the formation of a state cadastral real estate registration system in present-day conditions, a system that would facilitate the effective use of land and real estate. © Copyright EM International.


Blinnikova O.M.,Michurinsk State Agrarian University | Eliseeva L.G.,Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Voprosy Pitaniia | Year: 2016

The method of producing enriched with selenium berries and fruits has been investigated. The objects of research were plants and berries of edible honeysuckle variety Kingfisher, of garden strawberry variety Korona, of Actinidia kolomikta variety Soroka, the fruits of a field ash variety Sorbinka and the black chokeberry's fruits variety Chernookaya. Enrichment with the selenium of berries and fruits of these cultures has been performed by the method of single and double foliar treatment of plants with aqueous sodium selenate (concentration of 1.2 and 3 mg/l) during the formation of fruits and berries. Reprocessing had been performed in 10 days after the first one. It was found out that the use of plants' re-processing didn't contribute to greater accumulation of selenium in berries and fruits, according to the single treatment, that's why it is inefficient. Using enrichment, providing the maximum concentration of selenium in the working solution - 3 mg/l is the most optimal to increase its content in the honeysuckle - by 5.2 fold; in the strawberry - by 3.9 fold; in Actinidia - 3 fold; in the field ash and black chokeberry's fruits - by 2.7 fold. The content of selenium (pg/100 g) in enriched berries of the honeysuckle was 32.3-35.2; the strawberry - 11.7-13.1; Actinidia kolomikta - 3.5-4.1; the fruits of the field ash ordinary - 4.6-5.1, Aronia - 2.8-3.2. Eating fortified fruit and berries will contribute to the prevention of selenium deficiency in the body. Thus, intake of 100 g honeysuckle's berries helps cover the daily requirement of selenium in 47.9-60.9%, the strawberry - in 18.0-22.9%, actinidia' berries, the field ash and black chokeberry's fruits - in 4.3-8.7%.


Patent
Michurinsk State Agrarian University | Date: 2012-12-06

A new and distinct Malus domestica plant used as a rootstock that exhibits a good rooting ability and vegetative propagation.

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