MGVs Pharmacy College

Nashik, India

MGVs Pharmacy College

Nashik, India

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Rote A.R.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Bari P.D.,MGVs Pharmacy College
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2010

A simultaneous determination of olmesartan medoxomil and hydrochlorothiazide by absorption ratio spectrophotometric method has been developed in combined tablet dosage form. The method is based on measurements of absorbance at isoabsoptive point. The Beer′s law obeys in the range of 10-30 μg/ml for both olmesartan medoxomil and hydrochlorothiazide respectively. The proposed method was validated by performing recovery study and statistically.


Rote A.R.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Bhalerao S.R.,MGVs Pharmacy College
E-Journal of Chemistry | Year: 2010

Three new simple, economic spectrophotometric methods were developed and validated for the estimation of nabumetone in bulk and tablet dosage form. First method includes determination of nabumetone at absorption maxima 330 nm, second method applied was area under curve for analysis of nabumetone in the wavelength range of 326-334 nm and third method was First order derivative spectra with scaling factor 4. Beer law obeyed in the concentration range of 10-30 μg/mL for all three methods. The correlation coefficients were found to be 0.9997, 0.9998 and 0.9998 by absorption maxima, area under curve and first order derivative spectra. Results of analysis were validated statistically and by performing recovery studies. The mean percent recoveries were found satisfactory for all three methods. The developed methods were also compared statistically using one way ANOVA. The proposed methods have been successfully applied for the estimation of nabumetone in bulk and pharmaceutical tablet dosage form.


Patil R.A.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Kasture S.B.,Pinnacle Biomedical Research Institute
Natural Product Research | Year: 2012

In this study, the neuroprotective potential and in vivo antioxidant status of extract of roots and rhizomes of Rubia cordifolia L (MERC) in reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia was studied. Reserpine (1 mg/kg, s.c.) on day 1, 3 and 5 was used to induce orofacial dyskinesia. At the end of treatment schedule, MERC significantly inhibited reserpine-induced vacuous chewing movements, tongue protrusions, orofacial bursts, catalepsy. MERC significantly increased locomotion and rearing in open field test. MERC exhibited significant elevation in the levels of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase and inhibition of lipid peroxidation in forebrain region, compared with the reserpine treated group. It significantly elevated dopamine levels in the forebrain region. GCMS revealed the presence of anthraquinones, having strong antioxidant activity. It is concluded that oxidative stress might play an important role in reserpine-induced abnormal oral movements and MERC significantly protected animals against reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia and has great potential in treatment of neuroleptic induced orofacial dyskinesia. © 2012 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Patil R.A.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Hiray Y.A.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Kasture S.B.,Pinnacle Biomedical Research Institute
Indian Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2012

Context: Reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia is an animal model of tardive dyskinesia which may be associated with neurodegeneration and free radical damage. Aim: The aim was to assess the neuroprotective potential and in vivo antioxidant status of alcoholic extract of roots and rhizomes of Nardostachys jatamansi (ANJ) and its triterpenes (TNJ) in reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia. Materials and Methods: In the present study, repeated treatment with reserpine (1.0 mg/kg) on each other day for a period of 5 days (days 1, 3, and 5) significantly induced vacuous chewing movements (VCMs) and tongue protrusions (TPs) in rats. The effect on reserpine-induced catalepsy was also studied. The effect of ANJ and TNJ on levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione reductase (GSH) and inhibition of lipid peroxidation (LPO) in the forebrain region was assessed. Statistical Analysis: All observations were expressed as mean ± SEM. Statistical analysis was performed by the one-way ANOVA followed by Dunnett′s test. P<0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. Results: At the end of the treatment schedule, ANJ and TNJ significantly inhibited reserpine-induced VCM, TP, and catalepsy, and significantly increased the locomotion and rearing in the open-field test. Treatment with ANJ and TNJ exhibited significant elevation in the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione reductase (GSH) and inhibition of lipid peroxidation (LPO) in forebrain region compared to the reserpine treated group. Conclusions: The study concludes that ANJ and TNJ significantly protected animals against reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia as well as catalepsy suggesting its potential value in the treatment of neuroleptic-induced orofacial dyskinesia and Parkinson′s disease.


Shewale P.B.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Patil R.A.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Hiray Y.A.,MGVs Pharmacy College
Indian Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2012

Aim: Flowers of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn (Malvaceae) popularly known as "China-rose flowers" contain flavonoids. Flavonoids have been found to have antidepressant activity. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the antidepressant activity of flavonoids in H. rosa-sinensis flowers with possible involvement of monoamines. Materials and Methods: Anti-depressant activity of methanol extract containing anthocyanins (MHR) (30 and 100 mg/kg) and anthocyanidins (AHR) (30 and 100 mg/kg) of H. rosa-sinensis flowers were evaluated in mice using behavioral tests such as tail suspension test (TST) and forced swim test (FST). The mechanism of action involved in antidepressant activity was investigated by observing the effect of extract after pre-treatment with low dose haloperidol, prazosin and para-chlorophenylalanine (p-CPA). Results: Present study exhibited significant decrease in immobility time in TST and FST, similar to that of imipramine (10 mg/kg, i.p.) which served as a positive control. The extract significantly attenuated the duration of immobility induced by Haloperidol (50 g/kg, i.p., a classical D 2-like dopamine receptor antagonist), Prazosin (62.5 g/kg, i.p., an 1-adrenoceptor antagonist) and p-chlorophenylalanine (100 mg/kg, i.p., × 3 days; an inhibitor of serotonin synthesis) in both TST and FST. Conclusion: It can be concluded that MHR and AHR possess potential antidepressant activity (through dopaminergic, noradrenergic and serotonergic mechanisms) and has therapeutic potential in the treatment of CNS disorders and provides evidence at least at preclinical levels.


Patil R.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Dhawale K.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Gound H.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Gadakh R.,MGVs Pharmacy College
Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research | Year: 2012

Murraya koenigii L. (Rutaceae), commonly known as curry leaf tree, closely associated with south India where the word "curry" originates from the Tamil "kari" for spiced sauces. Curry leaves are a rich source of carbazole alkaloids which possess various biological activities such as antitumor, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. Curry leaf has a potential role in the treatment of diabetes. Reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia in rats is an animal model of tardive dyskinesia that has been linked with free radical generation and oxidative stress. In this study, neuroprotective potential and in-vivo antioxidant status of methanol extract of the leaves of Murraya koenigii (MEMK) in reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia are investigated. Reserpine was used to induce orofacial dyskinesia. The effect of MEMK on locomotion and catalepsy was studied using Open-field apparatus and Bar-test, respectively. The effect of MEMK on the levels of protective anti-oxidant enzymes i.e. superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GSH) and inhibited lipid peroxidation (LPO) in forebrain region were investigated in reserpine-treated animals. Results demonstrated that the MEMK significantly inhibited the reserpine-induced vacuous chewing movements (VCM), tongue protrusion (TP), orofacial burst (OB) and catalepsy. MEMK significantly increased the number of squares traversed and rearing in open field apparatus. Treatment with MEMK significantly restored the levels of protective anti-oxidant enzymes i.e. SOD, CAT, GSH and inhibited LPO in forebrain region when compared with reserpine. It also inhibited haloperidol-induced catalepsy. The present study concludes that the oxidative stress might play an important role in reserpine-induced abnormal oral movements, and Murraya koenigii may have great potential in the treatment of neuroleptic-induced orofacial dyskinesia. © 2012 by School of Pharmacy.


Godse S.,Mgvs Pharmacy College | Mohan M.,Mgvs Pharmacy College | Kasture V.,Mgvs Pharmacy College | Kasture S.,Mgvs Pharmacy College
Pharmaceutical Biology | Year: 2010

Fructose feeding induces a rise in blood pressure in normal rats and is associated with insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. We have examined the effect of myricetin (100 and 300mg/kg, p.o. for 6 weeks) isolated from Vitis vinifera Linn. (Vitaceae) on systolic blood pressure (SBP), vascular reactivity, serum glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, and insulin in fructose-induced hypertension. Myricetin reduced systolic blood pressure and vascular reactivity changes to catecholamines and reversed the metabolic alterations induced by fructose. The cumulative concentrationresponse curve (CCRC) of Ang II was shifted toward the right in rats treated with myricetin, using isolated strips of ascending colon. The results suggest that myricetin could prevent the development of high blood pressure induced by a diet rich in fructose, probably by reversing the metabolic alterations induced by fructose. In conclusion, myricetin has antihypertensive action in the fructose model. © 2010 Informa UK Ltd.


Borde P.,Mgvs Pharmacy College | Mohan M.,Mgvs Pharmacy College | Kasture S.,Mgvs Pharmacy College
Natural Product Research | Year: 2011

Chronic administration of myricetin (100 and 300 mg kg -1, p.o., for 4 weeks) isolated from Vitis vinifera (Vitaceae) ameliorated hypertension and oxidative stress induced by deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt in rats. Myricetin treatment reduced systolic blood pressure, vascular reactivity changes and reversed the DOCA-induced increase in heart rate. Urinary sodium excretion was significantly decreased in animals treated with myricetin compared to the DOCA group when measured by flame photometer. The cumulative concentration response curve of serotonin (5-HT) and angiotensin II (Ang II) were shifted towards the right in rats treated with myricetin using the isolated rat fundus strip and ascending colon, respectively. Increased levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and decreased levels of superoxide dismutase, catalase and reduced glutathione in the heart tissue were observed in animals treated with DOCA, which were reversed by myricetin. Thus, myricetin shows antihypertensive and antioxidant properties in the DOCA model of hypertension. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.


Gharate M.,MGVs Pharmacy College | Kasture V.,Pinnacle Biomedical Institute of Research and Education
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2013

Punarnavasava, an Ayurvedic liquid dosage form containing self generated alcohol is commonly used to treat inflammatory conditions and edema. In the present study, we evaluated anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic, and antiulcer activity of three different brands of Punarnavasava. The formulation significantly inhibited carrageenan-induced rat paw edema, cotton pellet-induced granuloma, formalin-induced paw licking, yeast induced hyperpyrexia and pyloric ligated ulcers in rats. The study concludes that Punarnavasava has anti-inflammatory, central as well as peripheral antinociceptive, antipyretic and antiulcer activity and thus justifies its use in inflammatory conditions. © 2012 Institute of Oriental Medicine, Kyung Hee University.


Mohan M.,Mgvs Pharmacy College | Kamble S.,Mgvs Pharmacy College | Gadhi P.,Computerised Laboratory | Kasture S.,Pinnacle Biomedical Research Institute
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2010

Nephrotoxicity is one of the important side effects of anthracycline antibiotics. The aim of the study was to determine the protective effect of Solanum torvum on doxorubicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats using biochemical and histopathological approaches. Oxidative stress is the main factor in doxorubicin (DOX) induced nephrotoxicity. Wistar rats received either DOX (67.75 mg/kg, i.v, 2 days before sacrifice) or S. torvum (100 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg, p.o.) prior to DOX treatment or S. torvum (100 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg, p.o.) extract alone for 4 weeks. Nephrotoxicity was assessed by measuring the abnormal levels of serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN). The anti-oxidant defence enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) of kidney tissue were also measured at the end of the treatment schedule. Treatment with S. torvum (100 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg) significantly (p < 0.05) decreased the levels of creatinine and BUN and significantly (p < 0.05) increased the anti-oxidant defence enzyme levels of SOD and CAT. Histopathological changes showed that DOX caused significant structural damages to kidneys like tubular necrosis, renal lesions and glomerular congestion which was reversed with S. torvum. The results suggest that S. torvum has the potential in preventing the nephrotoxicity induced by doxorubicin. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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