MGM Dental College

Jaipur, India

MGM Dental College

Jaipur, India

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Ahamed S.,Malabar Dental College | Jalaluddin M.,Kalinga Institute of Dental science | Khalid I.,MGM Dental College | Moon N.,Dental College and Research Center | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice | Year: 2013

Background: Local delivery of antimicrobial agents provides higher concentration of the drug in the periodontal site for longer periods than systemically delivered methods. In the present study an attempt is made to know the efficacy of controlled local drug delivery of doxycycline as an adjunctive treatment in the management of chronic periodontitis. Materials and methods: A total of 12 patients, diagnosed as Chronic Periodontitis in the age of 25 to 55 years, were selected of both the sexes in this study. They were divided into Experimental group consisted of 30 sites who received complete scaling and root planing (SRP) followed by placement of Atridox gel and control group consisted of 30 sites who received only SRP. Clinical parameters were recorded at, baseline, days 30, 90 and 180. Parameters were plaque index, gingival index, gingival bleeding index and microbial analysis, probing pocket depth and Clinical attachment level (CAL). The microbiological analysis was done at baseline visit and at 90th day. Probing pocket depth and CAL were recorded only on day 0 and 180th day. Results: In 180 days study, both the groups exhibited a significant improvement in periodontal status. Significant gain in attachment level was observed in both the group. Between both the groups the clinical parameters in the experimental groups exhibited better results as compared to the control group. Both the groups exhibited significant reduction in the number of spirochetes. Conclusion: Combination therapy of SRP and 10% DH gel demonstrated better results at all levels suggesting that this therapy can play a significant role as an adjunct to SRP in the management of chronic periodontitis.


Khandelwal V.,Modern Dental College and Research Center | Nayak U.A.,MGM Dental College | Nayak P.A.,Mahatma Gandhi Dental College | Ninawe N.,VSPM Dental College
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2013

Significant numbers of patients visiting the paediatric dental clinics have aesthetically objectionable brown stains and desire treatment for them. Intrinsic tooth discolouration can be a significant aesthetic, and in some instances, functional, problem. Dental fluorosis, tetracycline staining, localised and chronological hypoplasia, and both amelogenesis and dentinogenesis imperfecta can all produce a cosmetically unsatisfactory dentition. The aetiology of intrinsic discolouration of enamel may sometimes be deduced from the patient's history, and one factor long associated with the problem has been a high level of fluoride intake. Optimal use of topical fluorides leads to a decrease in the caries prevalence but may show an increase in the prevalence of fluorosis staining because of metabolic alterations in the ameloblasts, causing a defective matrix formation and improper calcification. A 12-year-old male patient was screened at the dental clinic for routine dental care. He wanted us to remove and/or minimise the noticeable brown/yellow staining of his teeth. He requested the least invasive and most cost-effective treatment to change his smile. Various treatment modalities are present for the treatment of fluorosis stains. This report discusses the microabrasion technique in the patient having dental fluorosis. Copyright 2013 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


Jatol-Tekade S.,Modern Dental College and Research Center | Khatri J.,CSMSS Dental College and Hospital | Karandikar G.,MGM Dental College | Karandikar A.,YMT Dental College | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences University | Year: 2013

Background and Objectives: During orthodontic space closure with sliding mechanics, frictional force is generated at the bracket arch wire interface and has a tendency to inhibit the desired tooth movement. The purpose of this in-vitro study was to evaluate new combination of wire and ligature to reduce friction more. Methods: The testing model consisted of 5 stainless steel 0.022-in preadjusted brackets for second premolar, first premolar, canine, lateral incisor, and central incisor. The canine bracket was welded to a sliding bar that allowed for different vertical positions. The forces generated by 5 sizes of wires (0.012-, 0.014-, and 0.016-in superelastic nickel-titanium) with the 2 types of elastomeric ligatures CEL (Conventional Elastomeric Ligature) and NCEL (Non Conventional Elastomeric Ligature) at different amounts of upward canine misalignment (1.5, 3, 4.5, and 6 mm) were recorded. Results and Conclusions: Significant differences between CEL and NCEL were found for all tested variables (P _.01) Noticeable amount of force was generated with the NCEL at all 4 canine positions with all wire sizes (from about 88 to about 600 g). With 4.5 mm of canine misalignment or more, the average amount of released force with the CEL was approximately zero.


Jain D.,United Kingdom | Sawhney A.,Uttar Pradesh Medical University | Gupta B.,MGM Dental College | Sharma S.,Maitri Dental College | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2016

Introduction: Previous studies have shown that Hydroxyapatite (HA) has shown good results in the treatment of intra-osseous periodontal defects. A newer variety of HA has been designed over a period of research which has nano-sized particles and is availed in a paste consistency called Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite paste (NHA paste). This variation in size and surface area of NHA paste can provide better results when used in intra-bony defects. Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes obtained with usage of NHA paste to those obtained with Demineralized Bone Matrix (DBM) in the treatment of periodontal intra-bony defects. Material and Methods: A clinical trial was carried out for a period of 12 months. A total of 26 intra-bony defects in 10 patients were divided into experimental and control sites. The experimental sites were debrided and grafted with NHA paste. The control sites were debrided and grafted with DBM-Xenograft. Probing Depth, Clinical Attachment Level (DCAL) and Gingival Margin (GM) position were recorded at baseline 3, 6, 9 and 12 months.Standardized radiographs were also documented at these recalls. The results were averaged (mean± standard deviation) for each parameter and Student t-test was used to determine intra-group statistical difference and One way analyses of variance (ANOVA) to test the difference between groups using Excel and SPSS (SPSS Inc, Chicago) software packages. Results: On completion of 12 months, the mean percentage of PD reduction achieved in the experimental and control sites was 67.45% and 69.03% respectively (p<0.05). The mean percentage of gain achieved in CAL was 63.58% and 61.42% in the experimental and control sites respectively (p<0.05). Gingival recession was seen to be non-significant in the experimental and control sites. Conclusion: Overall, both therapies led to significant improvements of the investigated parameters. The NHA paste was as effective in terms of improving clinical and radiographic parameters as DBM-Xenograft, which is an already established bone graft. There is a need for further long term controlled studies evaluating the adjunctive benefits of usage of NHA paste in the treatment of periodontal intra-bony defects. © 2016, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.


PubMed | ITS Dental College, Maitri Dental College, Uttar Pradesh Medical University, Private Practioner and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016

Previous studies have shown that Hydroxyapatite (HA) has shown good results in the treatment of intra-osseous periodontal defects. A newer variety of HA has been designed over a period of research which has nano-sized particles and is availed in a paste consistency called Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite paste (NHA paste). This variation in size and surface area of NHA paste can provide better results when used in intra-bony defects.The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes obtained with usage of NHA paste to those obtained with Demineralized Bone Matrix (DBM) in the treatment of periodontal intra-bony defects.A clinical trial was carried out for a period of 12 months. A total of 26 intra-bony defects in 10 patients were divided into experimental and control sites. The experimental sites were debrided and grafted with NHA paste. The control sites were debrided and grafted with DBM-Xenograft. Probing Depth, Clinical Attachment Level (DCAL) and Gingival Margin (GM) position were recorded at baseline 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Standardized radiographs were also documented at these recalls. The results were averaged (mean standard deviation) for each parameter and Student t-test was used to determine intra-group statistical difference and One way analyses of variance (ANOVA) to test the difference between groups using Excel and SPSS (SPSS Inc, Chicago) software packages.On completion of 12 months, the mean percentage of PD reduction achieved in the experimental and control sites was 67.45% and 69.03% respectively (p<0.05). The mean percentage of gain achieved in CAL was 63.58% and 61.42% in the experimental and control sites respectively (p<0.05). Gingival recession was seen to be non-significant in the experimental and control sites. The mean percentage of bone fill in the control group obtained was 48.16% where as the percentage of bone fill obtained in the experimental group was 48.64% (p<0.05).Overall, both therapies led to significant improvements of the investigated parameters. The NHA paste was as effective in terms of improving clinical and radiographic parameters as DBM-Xenograft, which is an already established bone graft. There is a need for further long term controlled studies evaluating the adjunctive benefits of usage of NHA paste in the treatment of periodontal intra-bony defects.


Sana S.,MGM Dental College | Bansal A.,MGM Dental College | Sami L.,MGM Dental College | Roopali,MGM Dental College | Gaikwad S.,MGM Dental College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Most Class II division 2 malocclusion manifest a severe deep bite, the orthodontic correction of deep overbite can be achieved with several mechanisms one such mechanics is true intrusion of anterior teeth. Deep overbite correction by intrusion of anterior teeth affords a number of advantages which includes simplifying control of the vertical dimension and allowing forward rotation of mandible to aid in Class II correction. It also aid in correction of a high gingival smile line. This case report presents the patient of a 14-year-old boy with Class II division 2 subdivision malocclusion treated with connecticut intrusion arch and also highlights the biomechanical aspect of this appliance. Intrusion of anterior teeth is difficult. An appropriate, effective and clinically manageable biomechanical system is required. The treatment approach shown in this case can treat the deep overbite precisely with incisor intrusion. The article shows the versatility of Connecticut Intrusion Arch and by applying the sound biomechanical principles we can execute the planned mechanics with minimal side effects.


PubMed | Al Badar Dental College and MGM Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2014

Most Class II division 2 malocclusion manifest a severe deep bite, the orthodontic correction of deep overbite can be achieved with several mechanisms one such mechanics is true intrusion of anterior teeth. Deep overbite correction by intrusion of anterior teeth affords a number of advantages which includes simplifying control of the vertical dimension and allowing forward rotation of mandible to aid in Class II correction. It also aid in correction of a high gingival smile line. This case report presents the patient of a 14-year-old boy with Class II division 2 subdivision malocclusion treated with connecticut intrusion arch and also highlights the biomechanical aspect of this appliance. Intrusion of anterior teeth is difficult. An appropriate, effective and clinically manageable biomechanical system is required. The treatment approach shown in this case can treat the deep overbite precisely with incisor intrusion. The article shows the versatility of Connecticut Intrusion Arch and by applying the sound biomechanical principles we can execute the planned mechanics with minimal side effects.

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