Sevagram, India
Sevagram, India
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Chimurkar L.,MGIMS | Pathak S.,JNMC
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2015

To assess the advantages and disadvantages of the conventional method and group attendance method (new method) recording attendance and its comparison. The research conducted over the duration of 6 month in second year medical students. The attendance was recorded by conventional method and group attendance method in theory class as well as in practical class. In practical class batch was divided into batch-A 75 students, batch-B 75 students. Students will be given the pretest before class and posttest after the class to solve and feedback forms to fill. Data was tabulated and analyzed using unpaired't' test. Similarly the feedback forms were also analyzed for the responses. When the two methods - conventional method, group method are compared qualitatively and quantitatively it was proved that group method is the best method of taking the attendance due to its advantages.

Jain A.P.,MGIMS | Aggarwal K.K.,Moolchand Med City | Zhang P.-Y.,Xuzhou Central Hospital
European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences | Year: 2015

Cardioceuticals are nutritional supplements that contain all the essential nutrients including vitamins, minerals, omega-3-fatty acids and other antioxidants like a-lipoic acid and coenzyme Q10 in the right proportion that provide all round protection tothe heart by reducing the most common risks associated with the cardiovascular disease including high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels and factors that contribute to coagulation of blood. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to significantly reduce the risk for sudden death caused by cardiac arrhythmias and all-cause mortality in patients with known coronary heart disease. Omega-3 fatty acids are also used to treat hyperlipidemia and hypertension. There are no significant drug interactions with omega-3 fatty acids. The American Heart Association recommends consumption of two servings of fish per week for persons with no history of coronary heart disease and at least one serving of fish daily for those with knowncoronary heart disease. Approximately 1 g/day of eicosapentaenoic acid plus docosahexaenoic acid is recommended for cardio protection. Higher dosages of omega-3 fatty acids are required to reduce elevated triglyceride levels (2-4 g/day). Modest decreases in blood pressure occur with significantly higher dosages of omega-3 fatty acids.

Das P.,CNMC | Bhattacharjee D.,CNMC | Bandyopadhyay S.K.,CNMC | Bhattacharya G.,CNMC | Singh R.,MGIMS
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology | Year: 2013

Obesity and diabetes mellitus are two modern epidemics. But their interrelationship is debated. Here we explored the probable association among obesity, leptin and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus. 60 recent onset (<5 years) diabetics and age-sex matched 33 non diabetic controls were assessed for physical and chemical parameters like Body Mass Index, abdominal circumference, waist/hip ratio, fasting blood glucose, insulin and leptin. Degree of insulin resistance was calculated by HOMAIR method (Homeostatic Model Assessment). All the physical parameters showed positive correlation with leptin and the HOMA-IR score, strength of association being highest between insulin resistance and abdominal circumference. Leptin and insulin resistance showed no correlation. Findings were lower in controls. Study concluded that, obesity mainly central type might be responsible for insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus where as leptin, a potential marker for obesity, may not. This perhaps points towards the multifactorial causation of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Kumar N.,Pravara Rural Hospital and Medical College | Chilke D.,Pravara Rural Hospital and Medical College | Puttewar M.P.,MGIMS
Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Year: 2012

Otitis media is an important and a highly prevalent disease of the middle ear and poses serious health problem world wide especially in developing countries where large percentage of the population lack specialized medical care, suffer from malnutrition and live in poor hygienic environmental conditions. It has been a general view that the hearing loss increases with the size of the perforation, more so if it is in the posterio inferior quadrant. It was found that the maximum average loss occurred at 250 Hz. The hearing loss is less in small perforations (less than 2 mm diameter) then in larger ones; less in perforations touching the manubrium than in those away from it, and also less in perforations of the anterioinferior quadrant than in those on posterio-inferior quadrant. A normally functioning eustachian tube is also an essential physiologic requirement for a healthy middle ear and normal hearing. © 2011 Association of Otolaryngologists of India.

Bahekar S.E.,Institute of Medical science and Research Center | Kale R.S.,MGIMS
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: Use of Manihot esculenta Crantz (MEC) plant has been mentioned in literature of Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations, Central Tuber Crops Research Institute and many others. It is also known commonly as tapioca, continues to be a crop of food security for the millions of people, especially in the developing countries of the globe including India. Medicinal uses of this plant including diarrhea have been mentioned in literature, but scientific evidence is lacking. Objective: The objective was to study antidiarrheal activity of ethanolic leaf extract of MEC in Wistar rats. Materials and Methods: Ethanolic extract of MEC leaves in the doses of 50 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg were used in Wistar rats of either sex. Experimental models used were castor oil-induced intestinal fluid accumulation and charcoal passage test. Loperamide and atropine sulfate were the standard drugs used in these models respectively. Results: MEC extracts decreased intestinal fluid volume in dose dependent manner no extract group was comparable with standard drug loperamide (5 mg/kg). MEC extracts also significantly inhibited gastrointestinal motility in dose dependent manner. MEC (100 mg/kg) and MEC (200 mg/kg) were comparable with standard drug atropine sulfate (5 mg/kg) in this aspect. <0.05 were considered to be significant. Conclusions: Ethanolic extract of MEC leaves exhibited significant antidiarrheal activity by decreasing intestinal fluid accumulation and the gastrointestinal motility in Wistar rats.

Kumar M.,MGIMS | Malgonde M.,MGIMS | Jain P.,MGIMS
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Osteochondromas are commonly encountered benign tumours and they are characterized by cartilage capped bony growths that project from the surface of the affected bone. Osteochondromas tend to grow eccentrically rather than centrifugally. We are reporting a case of an 18-years old male, who had presentation of a large, hard, irregular swelling over anterolateral aspect of his right leg. There was no neurovascular deficit in the extremity. Computed tomography showed that the origin of the tumour was probably proximal fibula. En-block excision of mass was done. A histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a benign osteochondroma. Patient had uneventful recovery without any evidence of recurrence.

Rakholia R.,Government Medical College | Chaturvedi P.,MGIMS
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice | Year: 2013

Objective: To determine the prevalence of thalassemia in Sindhi community of Wardha and evaluation of risk factors. To give genetic counseling to those diagnosed as carriers. Study Design: Cross-sectional (prevalence study). Setting: Sindhi community residing in and around Wardha. Study Period: 18 months. Materials and Methods: A total of 578 individuals belonging to Sindhi community residing in and around Wardha in India were selected by systemic randomization. Those who fulfilled the inclusion criteria and voluntarily gave consent were subject to Naked Eye Single Tube Rapid Osmotic Fragility Test (Nestroft). Those found positive by Nestroft were labeled carriers and advised to undergo Hemoglobin A2 (HbA2) quantification for confirmation of carrier status. Carriers thus identified were given genetic counseling. Result: The mean age of study population was 15.06 years with a range of 3-28 years. The largest group consisted of those between 12 and 18 years. The prevalence of thalassemia carrier state as diagnosed by Nestroft is 36.36% (200/550) and incidence of carrier state by HbA2 quantification in the study population was 17.2% (95/550). Conclusion: Prevalence of thalassemia in the Sindhi community of Wardha is higher than in other studies and equal to the highest prevalent communities in India. Thus, we recommend that urgent measures to increase awareness and control the disease be taken.

Khandekar I.,MGIMS
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2013

In India it is prevalent practice that whenever the allegation of sexual assault or rape is made, the suspected or alleged accused is medically examined by the doctors on the request of investigating officer. Relevance of the most archaic practice, collection of semen of the alleged accused by the doctors needs debate and discussion. This practice causes wastage of time and resources of the health and home department and delay in disposal of cases leading to backlog and huge burden on judiciary. This study is pertaining to the various queries asked in the requisition letter given by the police officials to the doctors at the time of Forensic Medical Examination of the alleged accused and the collection of semen sample of the accused for the identification of blood group at the request of police. Various forensic samples are collected from the accused to link them with the crime. This study discusses the purpose and relevance of collection of semen of the alleged accused of rape and also discusses the suggestion to overcome the problems.

Waghmare P.,MGIMS | Goswami K.,MGIMS
Journal of Association of Physicians of India | Year: 2016

Microalbuminuria represents a condition wherein the urinary albumin excretion is in the range of 30 mg/24 hrs -300 mg/24 hrs. Recently microalbuminuria is gaining attention as more than just a surrogate marker of kidney damage. Although apparently representing passage of a rather trace amount of protein excretion, this has great implication in terms of clinico-pathological association with diabetic nephropathy and other cardiovascular complications in subjects with or without diabetes. Early detection of microalbuminuria is considered to be the aim of clinicians in context to patient’s health perspective so as to change the treatment strategy accordingly. Therefore quite reasonably, understanding of exact patho-physiological significance of microalbuminuria and its prognostic impact in kidney diseases should be of immense help in providing better clinical outcome. To this end, an approach from the clinical biochemistry perspective might provide a better overview. The present commentary is an endeavor to address several relevant issues in this context for development of a better insight. © 2016, Journal of Association of Physicians of India. All Rights reserved.

Visual evoked response testing has been one of the most exciting clinical tools to be developed from neurophysiologic research in recent years and has provided us with an objective method of identifying abnormalities of the afferent visual pathways. Investigation were carried out to see whether the head circumference influence the pattern reversal visual evoked potential (PRVEP) parameters. The study comprised of pattern reversal visual evoked potential (PRVEP) recordings in 400 eyes of 200 normal subjects. Two hundred fourty eight eyes were males and 152 eyes were from 76 female subjects recruited from the Central Indian population in the age range of 40-79 years. Visual evoked potential (VEP) recordings were performed in accordance to the standardized methodology of International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (IFCN) Committee Recommendations and International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV) Guidelines and montages were kept as per 10-20 International System of EEG Electrode placements. The stimulus configuration in this study consisted of the transient pattern reversal method in which a black and white checker board was generated (full field) and displayed on a VEP Monitor by an electronic pattern regenerator inbuilt in an Evoked Potential Recorder (RMS EMG EP MARK II). VEP latencies, duration and amplitude were measured in all subjects and the data were analyzed. The correlation of all the electrophysiological parameters with head circumference was evaluated by Pearson's correlation co-efficient (r) and its statistical significance was evaluated. The prediction equations for all the VEP parameters with respect to head circumference were derived. We found a positive correlation of P 100 latency and N 155 latency with mean head circumference, while a highly significant negative correlation were noted of P 100 amplitude with head circumference. N 70 latency was significantly correlated with head circumference. P 100 duration showed in negative correlation with head circumference. These findings suggest that VEP latencies, duration and amplitude are influenced by the head circumference of the individual in a sample of healthy subjects and head circumference can be a useful predictor of VEP peak latencies, amplitude and duration.

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