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Seoul, South Korea

Lee C.G.,Ajou University | Park S.-J.,MG MED Inc. | Yim S.-Y.,Ajou University | Sohn Y.B.,Ajou University
Brain and Development | Year: 2013

Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS [MIM 610883]) is a recently recognized microduplication syndrome associated with 17p11.2. It is characterized by mild facial dysmorphic features, hypermetropia, infantile hypotonia, failure to thrive, mental retardation, autistic spectrum disorders, behavioral abnormalities, sleep apnea, and cardiovascular anomalies. In several studies, the critical PTLS region was deduced to be 1.3. Mb in length, and included RAI1 and 17 other genes. We report a 3-year-old Korean boy with the smallest duplication in 17p11.2 and a milder phenotype. He had no family history of neurologic disease or developmental delay and no history of seizure, autistic features, or behavior problems. He showed subtle facial dysmorphic features (dolichocephaly and a mildly asymmetric smile) and flat feet. All laboratory tests were normal and he had no evidence of internal organ anomalies. He was found to have mild intellectual disabilities (full scale IQ 65 on K-WPPSI) and language developmental delay (age of 2.2 year-old on PRESS). Array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) showed about a 0.25 Mb microduplication on chromosome 17p11.2 containing four Refseq (NCBI reference sequence) genes, including RAI1 [arr 17p11.2(17,575,978-17,824,623) × 3]. When compared with previously reported cases, the milder phenotype of our patient may be associated with the smallest duplication in 17p11.2, 0.25 Mb in length. © 2012 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Source

Lee C.G.,Eulji General Hospital | Park S.-J.,MG MED Inc. | Yun J.-N.,Ajou University | Yim S.-Y.,Ajou University | Sohn Y.B.,Ajou University
Journal of Korean Medical Science | Year: 2012

Deletion and duplication of the -3.7-Mb region in 17p11.2 result in two reciprocal syndrome, Smith-Magenis syndrome and Potocki-Lupski syndrome. Smith-Magenis syndrome is a well-known developmental disorder. Potocki-Lupski syndrome has recently been recognized as a microduplication syndrome that is a reciprocal disease of Smith-Magenis syndrome. In this paper, we report on the clinical and cytogenetic features of two Korean patients with Smith-Magenis syndrome and Potocki-Lupski syndrome. Patient 1 (Smith-Magenis syndrome) was a 2.9-yr-old boy who showed mild dysmorphic features, aggressive behavioral problems, and developmental delay. Patient 2 (Potocki-Lupski syndrome), a 17-yr-old boy, had only intellectual disabilities and language developmental delay. We used array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) and found a 2.6 Mb-sized deletion and a reciprocal2.1 Mb-sized duplication involving the 17p11.2. These regions overlapped in a 2.1 Mb size containing 11 common genes, including RAI1 and SREBF. © 2012 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences. Source

Lee C.G.,Eulji General Hospital | Park S.-J.,MG MED Inc. | Yun J.-N.,Ajou University | Ko J.M.,Ajou University | And 3 more authors.
Yonsei Medical Journal | Year: 2013

Porpose:This study analyzed and evaluated the demographic, clinical, and cytogenetic data [G-banded karyotyping and array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH)] of patients with unexplained developmental delay or intellectual disability at a single Korean institution. Materials and Methods: We collected clinical and cytogenetic data based on retrospective charts at Ajou University Medical Center, Suwon, Korea from April 2008 to March 2012. Results: A total of 190 patients were identified. Mean age was 5.1±1.87 years. Array CGH yielded abnormal results in 26 of 190 patients (13.7%). Copy number losses were about two-fold more frequent than gains. A total of 61.5% of all patients had copy number losses. The most common deletion disorders included 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, 15q11.2q12 deletion and 18q deletion syndrome. Copy number gains were identified in 34.6% of patients, and common diseases among these included Potocki-Lupski syndrome, 15q11-13 duplication syndrome and duplication 22q. Abnormal karyotype with normal array CGH results was exhibited in 2.6% of patients; theses included balanced translocation (n=2), inversion (n=2) and low-level mosaicism (n=1). Facial abnormalities (p<0.001) and failure to thrive were (p<0.001) also more frequent in the group of patients with abnormal CGH findings. Conclusion: Array CGH is a useful diagnostic tool in clinical settings in patients with developmental delay or intellectual disability combined with facial abnormalities or failure to thrive. © Yonsei University College of Medicine 2013. Source

Jeong S.-Y.,Ajou University | Park S.-J.,MG MED Inc. | Lee S.-J.,Ajou University | Park H.-J.,Ajou University | Kim H.J.,Ajou University
Journal of Korean Medical Science | Year: 2010

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is one of the most commonly inherited autosomal dominant disorders. In order to determine whether genomic alterations and/or chromosomal aberrations involved in the malignant progression of NF1 were present in a Korean patient with NF1, molecular and cytogenetic analyses were performed on the pathologically normal, benign, and malignant tissues and primary cells cultured from those tissues of the patient. The comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) array revealed a Y chromosome loss in the malignant peripheral nerve sheet tumor (MPNST) tissue. G-banding analysis of 50 metaphase cells showed normal chromosomal patterns in the histopathologically normal and benign cultured cells, but a mosaic Y chromosome loss in the malignant cells. The final karyotype for the malignant cells from MPNST tissue was 45,X,-Y[28]/46,XY[22]. The data suggest that the somatic Y chromosome loss may be involved in the transformation of benign tumors to MPNSTs. © 2010 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences. Source

Jeong S.-Y.,Ajou University | Park S.-J.,MG MED Inc. | Kim H.J.,Ajou University
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases | Year: 2011

Gaucher disease (GD) is an autosomal recessive glycolipid lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of the β-glucocerebrosidase enzyme (GBA). Allelic heterogeneity in GD has been well described. To date, more than 270 different GBA mutations have been reported. In order to determine the GBA mutation spectrum in Korean GD patients, we performed GBA mutation analysis of Korean patients and identified 72 GBA mutant alleles from 36 unrelated patients (100% identification), including 60 single-nucleotide substitutions, 6 single-nucleotide deletions, 4 recombinants, 1 splicing error, and 1 complex allele. N370S, the most common GBA mutation, was not detected, and most of the Korean GBA mutations were previously known to be rare, with the exception of L444P (~. 21%). Three mutations, P201H, F347L. +. L444P, and c.630delC, are novel. Examination of the GBA mutant alleles found in 6 ethnic groups revealed that the prevalences of GBA mutant alleles in Korean patients are very different from those seen in Jewish, non-Jewish Caucasian, and Italian patients, but similar to those seen in Japanese and Chinese patients. Our data may provide greater understanding of GBA allelic heterogeneity and an Asian perspective. 11Hyon J. Kim, Gaucher disease: an Asian perspective, Journal of Japanese Society for Inherited Metabolic Disease 20(1) (2004) 48-50. on correlations between genotypes and phenotypes, which may help further the development of better management strategies for patients with GD. © 2010. Source

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