The Mexican Institute of Petroleum is a public research organization dedicated to develop technical solutions, conduct basic and applied research and provide specialized training to Pemex, the state-owned government-granted monopoly in Mexico's petroleum industry.The Institute was founded on 23 August 1965 by federal decree and is based in Mexico City. Despite facing significant budget constraints in recent years and being accused of depending excessively on foreign technology by noted physicist Leopoldo García-Colín, it was the leading patent applicant among Mexican institutions in 2005 and houses one of the most advanced microscopes on the planet. Wikipedia.
Mexican Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2016-08-19
A portable bioreactor is provided for the in situ study of mesophilic and thermophilic corrosion inducing microbial biofilms on metal surfaces used in any industry, such as oil, chemical, petrochemical, oil refining, food, metallurgical, paper. The bioreactors configuration is a batch type for turbulent and piston-driven laminar flow, operating by cycles, with the continuous circulation of fluid. A culture medium, or industrial operation or production fluids containing microbiota is introduced into the load of the receiving body, thus the bioreactor is single phase. The bioreactor comprises a support section for corrosimetric test coupons that are in touch with the fluid under dynamic conditions, such as found in the fluid carrying pipelines, naturally promoting the formation of the microbial biofilm. The coupons are removed for analysis to follow the kinetics of microbial biofilm development. The operating conditions comprise a section having sufficient turbulence for the fluid to homogenize and maintain a temperature of 20 to 80 C. necessary for the mesophilic or thermophilic microorganisms growth. Salinity can be in the range 2 to 200 ppm (NaCl) and the pH range from 2 to 10; the bioreactors operating conditions conform to the physicochemical characteristics of the fluid from the industry to be assessed.
Mexican Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2016-07-22
The present invention is directed to a formulation of corrosion inhibitors for corrosion control of low carbon steel piping, carrying different fuels products, obtained in refineries or petrochemical processes. The composition comprises active imidazoline inhibitors derived from vegetable oil selected from the group consisting of sunflower, canola, soybean, safflower, corn and mixtures thereof that are reacted with a polyalkylated polyamines such as diethylenetriamines (DETA), triethylenetetramine (TETA) and tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA). The imidazoline is reacted with 1 to 3 moles of a carboxylic acid having 2 to 6 carbon atoms. The product obtained is formulated with 50 to 60% weight of an aromatic solvent and 10 to 20 wt % of an alcohol. The compositions were evaluated in sour environments under the NACE TM0172 and ASTM G 185 method, and both, sour and sweet environments in the NACE ID182 method, so they are fit to pass the tests as indicated by the NRF-005-PEMEX-2009 standard for application in pipelines.
Ramirez Verduzco L.F.,Mexican Institute of Petroleum
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2013
Biodiesel is a promising alternative of renewable energy obtained from natural raw material. This work presents empirical models to predict the density (ρ) and dynamic viscosity (μ) of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs), biodiesel, and biodiesel blends in a wide range of temperature. The average absolute deviation (AAD) was 0.43% in density, and 6.39% in viscosity. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Mexican Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2016-05-13
The present invention is related to a selective adsorption process aimed at reducing the content of nitrogen organic compounds (NOCs) that is present in hydrotreating loads (HDT) for the production of ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD below 15 ppm), which is carried out at ambient temperature, atmospheric pressure, without hydrogen, using adsorbing materials with organic metal structure MIL-101-Cr-M^(X+) (MOF MIL-101-Cr-M^(X+)), where M^(X+) can be any metal cation such as Mg^(2+), Al^(3+) or Ti^(4+). Likewise, the present invention considers the preparation of extrudates and the regeneration of the employed MOF adsorbent materials. In this sense, it is worth noting that the diesel HDT loads to which the present invention is referred to are hydrocarbon currents with distillation temperatures ranging from 150 to 400 C. being preferably Straight Run Gasoil (SRGO), Light Cycle OIL (LCO) and Coker Gasoil (CGO), including their blends, but oil derived fuels can be included: gasoline, diesel and jet fuel, and other hydrocarbon currents obtained from the oil refining processes, which in turn are destined to be loads of the hydrodesulfurization process (HDS) for the production of ultra-low-sulfur diesel. According to the aforementioned, it is worth mentioning that the present invention process which is the selective adsorption process of nitrogen organic compounds is designed for the pretreatment of loads that enter the HDS process, which increases the catalyst lifespan and improves the economy of the HDS process.
Mexican Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2016-06-14
The present invention relates to a catalytic hydroconversion process in dispersed phase of extra-heavy and heavy crude oils for upgrading their transport properties, that operates at low severity conditions, in such a way that the obtained product can be transported by conventional pumping to the distribution and refining centers. The main technical contributions of the hydroconversion process in dispersed phase of this invention to upgrade the transport properties of heavy and extra-heavy crudes are: Compact size and can be localized next to the production facilities on ground or offshore
Mexican Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2015-05-13
The present invention provides a new process of the transitiometric scanning technique to determine in an experimental way the minimum miscibility pressure of any sample of hydrocarbon at constant temperature (from the atmospheric temperature to 673 K) in the pressure interval of the atmospheric temperature to 400 MPa, including pressure at which the organic matter will precipitate due to the CO_(2 )injection, based on a transitometric technique which has proved to be reliable, highly accurate and highly reproducible. The apparatus used is based on a highly accurate control of the pVT variables and the calorimetric determination of the present phase transitions during the injection process of gases into hydrocarbons. Accurate control of pVT variables enables the determination of the derivative thermodynamic variables useful to define the type of phase transition.
Mexican Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2016-09-12
The present invention relates to a process for modifying the physical and chemical properties of Faujasite Y-type zeolites (FAU), mainly used as a base material of catalyst used in the Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) process, for the interest of the oil refining industry, in which the conversion of oil heavy fractions into lighter fractions, with a higher commercial value, is carried out. The process produces a modified Faujasite Y-type zeolite, with lower sodium content, as low as 75%, than that of the starting Faujasite Y-type zeolite. A mesoporous material associated with the modified Faujasite Y-type zeolite has an average pore size ranging from 2 to 100 nm, having a bimodal or multimodal pore size distribution. The proportion of modified Faujasite Y-type zeolite with respect to the meso-porous material associated to the Faujasite Y type Zeolite can be regulated through the process operation conditions.
Mexican Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2015-07-15
The present invention relates to a process for the partial upgrading of properties of heavy and/or extra-heavy crude oil by low severity catalytic hydrotreatment in only one reaction step. The process of the present invention is obtained upgraded oil with properties required for its transportation from offshore platforms either to maritime terminal or to refining centers. The process reduces the viscosity of heavy and/or extra-heavy crude oil, and decreases the concentration of impurities, such as sulfur, nitrogen, and metals, in such a way that heavy and/or extra-heavy crude oils can be transported to maritime terminals or to refining centers. The process increases the lifetime of the catalyst and decreased operating costs by reducing consumption of utilities because the operation of the process is carried out at lower severity. The partially upgraded oils obtained in this process can be transported directly to the maritime terminals or to existing refineries.
Mexican Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2016-05-19
The present invention relates to the application of polymeric resins and TiO2 doped with polymeric resins as coatings for external metal surfaces for industrial use, mainly by selecting the following metals: stainless steel, carbon steel and copper. Focuses specifically on the synthesis of a polymeric resin waterborne corrosion consisting of nano-structured polymer particles formed with two or more acrylic monomers, vinyl or styrenic a functionalizing agent and a crosslinking agent from 1.0 to 20% wt. each. Doping addition is made of the same polymeric resins, which are incorporated in nanotubes of titanium dioxide in concentrations ranging from 50 to 10,000 ppm. The polymeric resin is water based corrosion synthesized by emulsion polymerization techniques and is during the synthesis process is introduced nanotube loading of titanium dioxide (which are synthesized according to U.S. Pat. No. 7,645,439 B2), which allowing the dispersion in the polymer matrix. Polymer dispersions obtained in this way are used as anti-corrosion coatings 100% water based.
Mexican Institute of Petroleum | Date: 2016-07-13
This invention is directed to a method for defoaming crude oil by the addition of copolymers based on silicone free alkyl acrylics defoamers for crude oils with densities between 10 and 40 API. The alkyl acrylic copolymers at conditions similar to those of gas-liquid separators are efficient foam formation inhibitors in heavy and super-heavy crude oils to reduce foam levels between 15 and 50% faster than non-dosed crude oil. Some acrylic copolymers exhibited a greater efficiency as defoamers than commercial silicones, which promote the defoaming only 20 or 25 vol % faster than the natural foam collapse. Silicones as defoamers present serious problems as the formation of deposits and the deactivation of catalysts in the refining processes. These problems have originated a series of interdictions to use silicon based defoamers and new chemical compounds completely silicon free are required to control the foam levels in the gas/petroleum separation tanks.