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Mayorga P,Mexicali Institute of Technology
Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference

In this paper a novel Lung Sound Automatic Verification (LSAV) system and front-end Quantile based acoustic models to classify Lung Sounds (LS) are proposed. The utilization of Quantiles allowed an easier and objective assessment with smaller computational demand. Moreover, less-complex Gaussian Mixture Models (GMM) were computed than those previously reported. The LSAV system allowed us to reach practically negligible error in healthy (normal) LS verification. LASV system efficiency and the optimal GMM's were evaluated by using Equal Error Rate (EER) and Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) techniques respectively. These approaches could provide a tool for broader medical evaluation which does not rely, as it is often the case, on a qualitative and subjective description of LS. Source

Diaz-Ramirez A.,Mexicali Institute of Technology | Mejia-Alvarez P.,CINVESTAV | Leyva-Del-Foyo L.E.,Metropolitan Autonomous University
Journal of Applied Research and Technology

Schedulability conditions are used in real-time systems to verify the fulfillment of the temporal constraints of task sets. In this paper, a performance analysis is conducted for the best-known real-time schedulability conditions that can be used in online admission control on uni-processor systems executing under the Rate-Monotonic scheduling policy. Since Liu and Layland introduced the Rate-Monotonic scheduling algorithm, many research studies have been conducted on the schedulability analysis of real-time periodic task sets. However, in most cases, the performance of the proposed schedulability conditions were compared only against the Liu and Layland test and not against the remaining schedulability tests. The goal of this paper is to provide guidelines for system designers in order to decide which schedulability condition provides better performance under different task characteristics. Extensive simulation experiments were conducted to evaluate the inexact schedulability conditions and compare their performance and computational complexity. Source

Mayorga P.,Mexicali Institute of Technology
Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference

The focus of this paper is to present a method utilizing lung sounds for a quantitative assessment of patient health as it relates to respiratory disorders. In order to accomplish this, applicable traditional techniques within the speech processing domain were utilized to evaluate lung sounds obtained with a digital stethoscope. Traditional methods utilized in the evaluation of asthma involve auscultation and spirometry, but utilization of more sensitive electronic stethoscopes, which are currently available, and application of quantitative signal analysis methods offer opportunities of improved diagnosis. In particular we propose an acoustic evaluation methodology based on the Gaussian Mixed Models (GMM) which should assist in broader analysis, identification, and diagnosis of asthma based on the frequency domain analysis of wheezing and crackles. Source

Calafate C.T.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Lino C.,Leon Institute of Technology | Diaz-Ramirez A.,Mexicali Institute of Technology | Cano J.-C.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Manzoni P.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Sensors (Switzerland)

The use of wireless sensor networks (WSN) in tracking applications is growing at a fast pace. In these applications, the sensor nodes discover, monitor and track an event or target object. A significant number of proposals relating the use of WSNs for target tracking have been published to date. However, they either focus on the tracking algorithm or on the communication protocol, and none of them address the problem integrally. In this paper, a comprehensive proposal for target detection and tracking is discussed. We introduce a tracking algorithm to detect and estimate a target location. Moreover, we introduce a low-overhead routing protocol to be used along with our tracking algorithm. The proposed algorithm has low computational complexity and has been designed considering the use of a mobile sink while generating minimal delay and packet loss. We also discuss the results of the evaluation of the proposed algorithms. © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

Fernandez D.,Baolab Microsystems | Martinez-Alvarado L.,Mexicali Institute of Technology | Madrenas J.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia
IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits

A field-programmable analog array (FPAA) using a standard-CMOS wide-dynamic-range translinear element (TE) is introduced. The FPAA configurable analog blocks (CABs) are based on a reconfigurable translinear cell (RTC), capable of implementing the basic circuit elements required by translinear and log-domain circuit design. The interfacing is provided by an I/O programmable cell, which allows for easier connectivity between the signal-processing core and the external circuitry. As a proof-of-concept, a 5 × 5 RTC FPAA testchip was implemented in 0.35-μm CMOS technology. A set of various circuit primitives, such as one- and four-quadrant multipliers, an Euclidean distance operator and a fourth-order log-domain filter, were mapped on the chip in order to demonstrate the versatility of the approach. FPAA bandwidth reaches 20 MHz with a power consumption of 30 μW/TE and precision errors below 3%. © 2011 IEEE. Source

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