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Metropolitan University of Technology is a university in Chile. It is part of the Chilean Traditional Universities.The Metropolitan Technological University, better known by its acronym as UTEM, is a state institution of public higher education in Chile, founded on August 30, 1993 from the breakup of the University of Chile.It is one of the sixteen universities of the Consortium of Universities of the State of Chile, and belongs to the Council of Rectors of Chilean Universities.It has four branches, all located in the Metropolitan Region. Its head office is in the municipality of Santiago, being part of the old houses of the city street Eighteen declared Typical Zone by the National Monuments Council in the country.The UTEM is currently accredited by the National Accreditation Commission for three years, since its renovation in December 2013 to December 2016, adding elective area Bonding with Medio.2 as Figure 27. ª college Chilean as ranked AméricaEconomía, 1 October 2012, in 42 th place according to classification webométrica CSIC in July 2011,3 and 38th. according to the ranking of the Mercurio.4 in November 2011, is located on 1st place as the state university that best meets the Government Transparency Act.HistoryThe Metropolitan Technological University was founded from Santiago Professional Institute , which was formed in 1981 after the military regime dismembered the University of Chile, disappeared from IPUCH and other races that were left out of the University of Chile, such as: Construction, Architecture, Library, Cartography, Social Work and Design. The enactment of Law No. 19,239, was made in a ceremony led by the then rector of this study, and founder Luis Pinto prepulsor Faverio, Patricio Aylwin Azócar and Education Minister Jorge Arrate, at the Palace of La Moneda. On August 30, 1993 was published in the Official Journal of the Republic of Chile, the decree creating the Metropolitan Technological University , which constitutes the last of the Universities Council of Rectors.In the beginning, ie from 1993 to 2002, the UTEM starts delivering careers professional area of Engineering and the Social Area, becoming the state university which receives more young people in the first two income quintiles, from schools municipal and subsidized. In 2002, the UTEM begins to dictate the race of Criminology at the levels of technical , graduates Degree, which will have a major impact on subsequent attempts of institutional accreditation.The UTEM is a Chilean state university which receives every year about 1,500 students, has four offices in Santiago, with an area of 58,000 m².Doctor Honoris CausaThe March 20, 1996, the UTEM delivered its first title Doctor Honoris Causa former President Patricio Aylwin Azócar, in recognition of his outstanding professional and academic career, and her starring role in the history of our country.In May of that same year, the UTEM awarded its second title Doctor Honoris Causa Edgardo Henriquez Frodden doctor for his professional and academic career.The third Honoris Causa was awarded to former President Ricardo Lagos Escobar on April 30, 1998 and seven years later, as high honor was awarded to Dr. Gui Bonsiepe, recognized theoretical, industrial designer, international consultant and author required reading numerous texts in the discipline of design.In December 2010, the institution was accredited by CNA-Chile, but due to administrative problems and academic 9 only achieved by a year.10 However, appeared in the newspaper La Nacion audited annual balance sheet, showing positive number, thus giving clear progress of their term of crisis.11The November 15, 2011, a study by the Council of State of Chile Transparency ranked the UTEM as the state university that best met the Government Transparency Act, a 59.53% .12 On 29 December that year, the University got reaccreditation, this time for the period 2011 to 2013.13 reacreditarse again in December 2013 to December 2015.14 later, after an administrative appeal to CNA Chile, to extending their accreditation to 3 years until 29 December 2016.1The Metropolitan Technological University has 5 faculties distributed in Santiago, reaching an approximate 58,000 m² of buildings and landscaping area, has 53 Undergraduate Degree, 34 and 19 PSU login evening special income.His most extensive, and more number of students based, is the Faculty of Engineering which has an enrollment of nearly 4,000 students, ranking in the commune of Providencia, at the intersection of Avenida Greece Avenida José Pedro Alessandri . In it there recently constructed buildings that blend with the old buildings of the Hebrew Institute, which operated until about 1980.Likewise, the college acquired property and building in the town of Providence, for the operation of the Faculty of Management and Economics by the Dean, with capacity for over 2,000 students.Within Headquarters, is the Chapel of Gothic Revival style, located in the second courtyard of a historical Casona Colonial, which is open to the public on Heritage Day in Chile.Near the Central House are the Faculties of Humanities, Mapping and Architecture, in the municipality of Santiago. Wikipedia.

Wodskou P.M.,Copenhagen University | Wodskou P.M.,Metropolitan University of Technology | Host D.,Copenhagen University | Godtfredsen N.S.,Copenhagen University | Frolich A.,Copenhagen University
BMC Health Services Research | Year: 2014

Background: Disease management programmes have been developed for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to facilitate the integration of care across healthcare settings. The purpose of the present study was to examine the experiences of COPD patients and their relatives of integrated care after implementation of a COPD disease management programme. Methods: Seven focus groups and five individual interviews were held with 34 patients with severe or very severe COPD and two focus groups were held with eight of their relatives. Data were analysed using inductive content analysis. Results: Four main categories of experiences of integrated care emerged: 1) a flexible system that provides access to appropriate healthcare and social services and furthers patient involvement; 2) the responsibility of health professionals to both take the initiative and follow up; 3) communication and providing information to patients and relatives; 4) coordination and professional cooperation. Most patients were satisfied with their care and raised few criticisms. However, patients with more unstable and severe disease tended to experience more problems. Conclusions: Participant suggestions for optimizing the integration of healthcare included assigning patients a care coordinator, telehealth solutions for housebound patients and better information technology to support interprofessional cooperation. Further studies are needed to explore these and other possible solutions to problems with integrated care among COPD patients. A future effort in this field should be informed by detailed knowledge of the extent and relative importance of the identified problems. It should also be designed to address variable levels of severity of COPD and relevant comorbidities and to deliver care in ways appropriate to the respective healthcare setting. Future studies should also take health professionals ' views into account so that interventions may be planned in the light of the experiences of all those involved in the treatment of COPD patients. © 2014 Wodskou et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Hansen M.V.,Copenhagen University | Danielsen A.K.,Metropolitan University of Technology | Hageman I.,Copenhagen University | Rosenberg J.,Copenhagen University | Gogenur I.,Copenhagen University
European Neuropsychopharmacology | Year: 2014

Circadian- and sleep disturbances may be central for understanding the pathophysiology and treatment of depression. The effect of melatonin on depression/depressive symptoms has been investigated previously. This systematic review assesses the current evidence of a therapeutic- and prophylactic effect of melatonin in adult patients against depression or depressive symptoms. A search was performed in The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE and PsycINFO for published trials on November 14th 2013. Inclusion criteria were English language, RCTs or crossover trials. Our outcome was measurement of depression/depressive symptoms with a validated clinician-administered or self-rating questionnaire. PRISMA recommendations were followed and the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool used. Ten studies in 486 patients were included in the final qualitative synthesis and four studies, 148 patients, were included in two meta-analyses. Melatonin doses varied from 0.5-6. mg daily and the length of follow-up varied from 2 weeks to 3.5 years. Three studies were done on patients without depression at inclusion, two studies in patients with depression and five studies included a mixture. Six studies showed an improvement in depression scores in both the melatonin and placebo groups but there was no significant difference. One study showed a significant prophylactic effect and another found a significant treatment effect on depression with melatonin compared to placebo. The two meta-analyses did not show any significant effect of melatonin. No serious adverse events were reported. Although some studies were positive, there was no clear evidence of a therapeutic- or prophylactic effect of melatonin against depression or depressive symptoms. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP.

Johnsen H.,Metropolitan University of Technology
Women and Birth | Year: 2015

Background: Post bureaucracy is increasingly shaping how health care professionals work. Within hospital settings, post bureaucracy is frequently connected to loss of professional autonomy and protocol-based care. However, this development also affects relationships between care providers and care receivers. Question: To explore experiences of post bureaucratic hospital reforms and their impact on care provision. Method: Data builds on nine mini group interviews with midwives (n = three), nurses (n = three) and physiotherapists (n = three), in all thirty participants. Data was analysed using existing theories of professionalism and post bureaucracy. Findings: Two overarching themes were identified: 'Time, tasks and institutional duties' which referred to transformations in care practices, increased use of screening procedures, efficiency requirements and matching linear time to the psychosocial needs of patients. 'Managerial control of work' which described rising administrative demands, engaging in protective measures, younger professionals pressured by documentation obligations and fear of disciplinary procedures. Conclusion: The institutional context appears to play a key role shaping care practices. Although midwives, nurses and physiotherapists share similar experiences of post bureaucratic hospital reforms, changes in care provision can impact these professions in different ways. As a discipline, midwifery is founded on relationships between women and midwives. Standardised clinical care, performativity demands, litigation risks and rising administrative obligations are liable to challenge the provision of woman centred care. These changes may also result in increased inequity in maternity care by affecting some groups of women more than others. © 2015 Australian College of Midwives.

Estay H.,University of Santiago de Chile | Troncoso E.,Metropolitan University of Technology | Romero J.,University of Santiago de Chile
Journal of Membrane Science | Year: 2014

Cyanide recovery processes are currently an attractive technology implemented in gold mining. The reduction of operational costs, along with minimization or avoidance of the use of expensive processes in destroying cyanide, are among the main reasons that might persuade the gold mining industry to adopt these technologies. The SART and AVR processes are the most frequently implemented in the past years, although both technologies have high requirements of footprint area, equipment sizes and reagents consumption. The present work proposes a novel cyanide recovery technology based on membrane absorption to recover cyanide in gold mining. This study reports the design and cost estimation for cyanide recovery by means of the gas-filled membrane absorption (GFMA) process, which was previously characterized by experimental trials using a commercial hollow fiber contactor, and the modeling of its mass transfer was also carried out. Furthermore, preliminary economic studies of the GFMA, AVR and SART processes were done in order to evaluate the feasibility of the GFMA process. Results from this work suggest that the membrane absorption process could reduce the requirements of footprint area and energy consumption, yielding a net present value at least 35% higher than the AVR process and competitive with the SART process. Hence, the membrane absorption process here proposed is a viable and attractive alternative to current cyanide recovery processes, especially under specific operation conditions, such as low copper concentration in solutions or limitations in flow configuration, where the implementation of the SART process becomes difficult. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Chavarria J.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Biel D.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Guinjoan F.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Meza C.,Costa Rica Institute of Technology | Negroni J.J.,Metropolitan University of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics | Year: 2013

This paper presents an energy-balance control strategy for a cascaded single-phase grid-connected H-bridge multilevel inverter linking n independent photovoltaic (PV) arrays to the grid. The control scheme is based on an energy-sampled data model of the PV system and enables the design of a voltage loop linear discrete controller for each array, ensuring the stability of the system for the whole range of PV array operating conditions. The control design is adapted to phase-shifted and level-shifted carrier pulsewidth modulations to share the control action among the cascade-connected bridges in order to concurrently synthesize a multilevel waveform and to keep each of the PV arrays at its maximum power operating point. Experimental results carried out on a seven-level inverter are included to validate the proposed approach. © 2012 IEEE.

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