Santiago, Chile

Metropolitan University of Technology is a university in Chile. It is part of the Chilean Traditional Universities.The Metropolitan Technological University, better known by its acronym as UTEM, is a state institution of public higher education in Chile, founded on August 30, 1993 from the breakup of the University of Chile.It is one of the sixteen universities of the Consortium of Universities of the State of Chile, and belongs to the Council of Rectors of Chilean Universities.It has four branches, all located in the Metropolitan Region. Its head office is in the municipality of Santiago, being part of the old houses of the city street Eighteen declared Typical Zone by the National Monuments Council in the country.The UTEM is currently accredited by the National Accreditation Commission for three years, since its renovation in December 2013 to December 2016, adding elective area Bonding with Medio.2 as Figure 27. ª college Chilean as ranked AméricaEconomía, 1 October 2012, in 42 th place according to classification webométrica CSIC in July 2011,3 and 38th. according to the ranking of the Mercurio.4 in November 2011, is located on 1st place as the state university that best meets the Government Transparency Act.HistoryThe Metropolitan Technological University was founded from Santiago Professional Institute , which was formed in 1981 after the military regime dismembered the University of Chile, disappeared from IPUCH and other races that were left out of the University of Chile, such as: Construction, Architecture, Library, Cartography, Social Work and Design. The enactment of Law No. 19,239, was made in a ceremony led by the then rector of this study, and founder Luis Pinto prepulsor Faverio, Patricio Aylwin Azócar and Education Minister Jorge Arrate, at the Palace of La Moneda. On August 30, 1993 was published in the Official Journal of the Republic of Chile, the decree creating the Metropolitan Technological University , which constitutes the last of the Universities Council of Rectors.In the beginning, ie from 1993 to 2002, the UTEM starts delivering careers professional area of Engineering and the Social Area, becoming the state university which receives more young people in the first two income quintiles, from schools municipal and subsidized. In 2002, the UTEM begins to dictate the race of Criminology at the levels of technical , graduates Degree, which will have a major impact on subsequent attempts of institutional accreditation.The UTEM is a Chilean state university which receives every year about 1,500 students, has four offices in Santiago, with an area of 58,000 m².Doctor Honoris CausaThe March 20, 1996, the UTEM delivered its first title Doctor Honoris Causa former President Patricio Aylwin Azócar, in recognition of his outstanding professional and academic career, and her starring role in the history of our country.In May of that same year, the UTEM awarded its second title Doctor Honoris Causa Edgardo Henriquez Frodden doctor for his professional and academic career.The third Honoris Causa was awarded to former President Ricardo Lagos Escobar on April 30, 1998 and seven years later, as high honor was awarded to Dr. Gui Bonsiepe, recognized theoretical, industrial designer, international consultant and author required reading numerous texts in the discipline of design.In December 2010, the institution was accredited by CNA-Chile, but due to administrative problems and academic 9 only achieved by a year.10 However, appeared in the newspaper La Nacion audited annual balance sheet, showing positive number, thus giving clear progress of their term of crisis.11The November 15, 2011, a study by the Council of State of Chile Transparency ranked the UTEM as the state university that best met the Government Transparency Act, a 59.53% .12 On 29 December that year, the University got reaccreditation, this time for the period 2011 to 2013.13 reacreditarse again in December 2013 to December 2015.14 later, after an administrative appeal to CNA Chile, to extending their accreditation to 3 years until 29 December 2016.1The Metropolitan Technological University has 5 faculties distributed in Santiago, reaching an approximate 58,000 m² of buildings and landscaping area, has 53 Undergraduate Degree, 34 and 19 PSU login evening special income.His most extensive, and more number of students based, is the Faculty of Engineering which has an enrollment of nearly 4,000 students, ranking in the commune of Providencia, at the intersection of Avenida Greece Avenida José Pedro Alessandri . In it there recently constructed buildings that blend with the old buildings of the Hebrew Institute, which operated until about 1980.Likewise, the college acquired property and building in the town of Providence, for the operation of the Faculty of Management and Economics by the Dean, with capacity for over 2,000 students.Within Headquarters, is the Chapel of Gothic Revival style, located in the second courtyard of a historical Casona Colonial, which is open to the public on Heritage Day in Chile.Near the Central House are the Faculties of Humanities, Mapping and Architecture, in the municipality of Santiago. Wikipedia.


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Bedhomme S.,CNRS Center of Evolutionary and Functional Ecology | Perez Pantoja D.,Metropolitan University of Technology | Bravo I.G.,IRD Montpellier
Molecular Ecology | Year: 2017

Plasmids are nucleic acid molecules that can drive their own replication in a living cell. They can be transmitted horizontally and can thrive in the host cell to high-copy numbers. Plasmid replication and gene expression consume cellular resources and cells carrying plasmids incur fitness costs. But many plasmids carry genes that can be beneficial under certain conditions, allowing the cell to endure in the presence of antibiotics, toxins, competitors or parasites. Horizontal transfer of plasmid-encoded genes can thus instantaneously confer differential adaptation to local or transient selection conditions. This conflict between cellular fitness and plasmid spread sets the scene for multilevel selection processes. We have engineered a system to study the short-term evolutionary impact of different synonymous versions of a plasmid-encoded antibiotic resistance gene. Applying experimental evolution under different selection conditions and deep sequencing allowed us to show rapid local adaptation to the presence of antibiotic and to the specific version of the resistance gene transferred. We describe the presence of clonal interference at two different levels: at the within-cell level, because a single cell can carry several plasmids, and at the between-cell level, because a bacterial population may contain several clones carrying different plasmids and displaying different fitness in the presence/absence of antibiotic. Understanding the within-cell and between-cell dynamics of plasmids after horizontal gene transfer is essential to unravel the dense network of mobile elements underlying the worldwide threat to public health of antibiotic resistance. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Chavarria J.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Biel D.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Guinjoan F.,Polytechnic University of Catalonia | Meza C.,Costa Rica Institute of Technology | Negroni J.J.,Metropolitan University of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics | Year: 2013

This paper presents an energy-balance control strategy for a cascaded single-phase grid-connected H-bridge multilevel inverter linking n independent photovoltaic (PV) arrays to the grid. The control scheme is based on an energy-sampled data model of the PV system and enables the design of a voltage loop linear discrete controller for each array, ensuring the stability of the system for the whole range of PV array operating conditions. The control design is adapted to phase-shifted and level-shifted carrier pulsewidth modulations to share the control action among the cascade-connected bridges in order to concurrently synthesize a multilevel waveform and to keep each of the PV arrays at its maximum power operating point. Experimental results carried out on a seven-level inverter are included to validate the proposed approach. © 2012 IEEE.


Moreno M.,Metropolitan University of Technology | Ana M.A.S.,University of Chile | Gonzalez G.,University of Chile | Benavente E.,Metropolitan University of Technology
Electrochimica Acta | Year: 2010

In this work, a series of composite polymer electrolytes (CPEs) basically constituted by polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and a clay, montmorillonite (Bentonite), as filler have been developed, in which the clay in its lithiated form was used both as prepared and intercalated with PAN .The effect of these two forms of nanoceramic active filler on the properties of the CPEs was analyzed. Results show that the ionic conductivity of the CPEs using as filler Bentonite-Li +-polyacrylonitrile nanocomposite is about one order of magnitude higher than that using Bentonite-Li + under the same conditions. The effect of the concentration of the filler on the conductivity of the products is discussed. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Mosquera E.,University of Chile | Del Pozo I.,Metropolitan University of Technology | Morel M.,University of Chile
Journal of Solid State Chemistry | Year: 2013

The structure and the optical band gap of CdO-ZnO nanocomposites were studied. Characterization using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) analysis confirms that CdO phase is present in the nanocomposites. TEM analysis confirms the formation of spheroidal nanoparticles and nanorods. The particle size was calculated from Debey-Sherrer′s formula and corroborated by TEM images. FTIR spectroscopy shows residual organic materials (aromatic/Olefinic carbon) from nanocomposites surface. CdO content was modified in the nanocomposites in function of polyvinylalcohol (PVA) added. The optical band gap is found to be red shift from 3.21 eV to 3.11 eV with the increase of CdO content. Photoluminescence (PL) measurements reveal the existence of defects in the synthesized CdO-ZnO nanocomposites. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.


Poblete-Castro I.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | Poblete-Castro I.,Metropolitan University of Technology | Binger D.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | Rodrigues A.,TU Braunschweig | And 4 more authors.
Metabolic Engineering | Year: 2013

Here, we present systems metabolic engineering driven by in-silico modeling to tailor Pseudomonas putida for synthesis of medium chain length PHAs on glucose. Using physiological properties of the parent wild type as constraints, elementary flux mode analysis of a large-scale model of the metabolism of P. putida was used to predict genetic targets for strain engineering. Among a set of priority ranked targets, glucose dehydrogenase (encoded by gcd) was predicted as most promising deletion target. The mutant P. putida Δ. gcd, generated on basis of the computational design, exhibited 100% increased PHA accumulation as compared to the parent wild type, maintained a high specific growth rate and exhibited an almost unaffected gene expression profile, which excluded detrimental side effects of the modification. A second mutant strain, P. putida Δ. pgl, that lacked 6-phosphogluconolactonase, exhibited a substantially decreased PHA synthesis, as was also predicted by the model. The production potential of P. putida Δ. gcd was assessed in batch bioreactors. The novel strain showed an increase of the PHA yield (+80%), the PHA titer (+100%) and cellular PHA content (+50%) and revealed almost unaffected growth and diminished by-product formation. It was thus found superior in all relevant criteria towards industrial production. Beyond the contribution to more efficient PHA production processes at reduced costs that might replace petrochemical plastics in the future, the study illustrates the power of computational prediction to tailor microbial strains for enhanced biosynthesis of added-value compounds. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.


Wodskou P.M.,Copenhagen University | Wodskou P.M.,Metropolitan University of Technology | Host D.,Copenhagen University | Godtfredsen N.S.,Copenhagen University | Frolich A.,Copenhagen University
BMC Health Services Research | Year: 2014

Background: Disease management programmes have been developed for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to facilitate the integration of care across healthcare settings. The purpose of the present study was to examine the experiences of COPD patients and their relatives of integrated care after implementation of a COPD disease management programme. Methods: Seven focus groups and five individual interviews were held with 34 patients with severe or very severe COPD and two focus groups were held with eight of their relatives. Data were analysed using inductive content analysis. Results: Four main categories of experiences of integrated care emerged: 1) a flexible system that provides access to appropriate healthcare and social services and furthers patient involvement; 2) the responsibility of health professionals to both take the initiative and follow up; 3) communication and providing information to patients and relatives; 4) coordination and professional cooperation. Most patients were satisfied with their care and raised few criticisms. However, patients with more unstable and severe disease tended to experience more problems. Conclusions: Participant suggestions for optimizing the integration of healthcare included assigning patients a care coordinator, telehealth solutions for housebound patients and better information technology to support interprofessional cooperation. Further studies are needed to explore these and other possible solutions to problems with integrated care among COPD patients. A future effort in this field should be informed by detailed knowledge of the extent and relative importance of the identified problems. It should also be designed to address variable levels of severity of COPD and relevant comorbidities and to deliver care in ways appropriate to the respective healthcare setting. Future studies should also take health professionals ' views into account so that interventions may be planned in the light of the experiences of all those involved in the treatment of COPD patients. © 2014 Wodskou et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Hansen M.V.,Copenhagen University | Danielsen A.K.,Metropolitan University of Technology | Hageman I.,Copenhagen University | Rosenberg J.,Copenhagen University | Gogenur I.,Copenhagen University
European Neuropsychopharmacology | Year: 2014

Circadian- and sleep disturbances may be central for understanding the pathophysiology and treatment of depression. The effect of melatonin on depression/depressive symptoms has been investigated previously. This systematic review assesses the current evidence of a therapeutic- and prophylactic effect of melatonin in adult patients against depression or depressive symptoms. A search was performed in The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE and PsycINFO for published trials on November 14th 2013. Inclusion criteria were English language, RCTs or crossover trials. Our outcome was measurement of depression/depressive symptoms with a validated clinician-administered or self-rating questionnaire. PRISMA recommendations were followed and the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool used. Ten studies in 486 patients were included in the final qualitative synthesis and four studies, 148 patients, were included in two meta-analyses. Melatonin doses varied from 0.5-6. mg daily and the length of follow-up varied from 2 weeks to 3.5 years. Three studies were done on patients without depression at inclusion, two studies in patients with depression and five studies included a mixture. Six studies showed an improvement in depression scores in both the melatonin and placebo groups but there was no significant difference. One study showed a significant prophylactic effect and another found a significant treatment effect on depression with melatonin compared to placebo. The two meta-analyses did not show any significant effect of melatonin. No serious adverse events were reported. Although some studies were positive, there was no clear evidence of a therapeutic- or prophylactic effect of melatonin against depression or depressive symptoms. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP.


Pacheco P.H.,Metropolitan University of Technology | Correa R.D.,Metropolitan University of Technology
Journal of Physics: Conference Series | Year: 2016

A registration procedure based data tracking classroom activities students formed into teams, which are immersed in basic learning processes, particularly physical sciences is presented. For the analysis of the data various mathematical tools to deliver results in numerical indicators linking their learning, performance, quality of relational nexus to transformation their emotions. The range of variables under observation and further study, which is influenced by the evolution of the emotions of the different teams of students, it also covers the traditional approach to information delivery from outside (teaching in lecture) or from inside each team (abilities of pupils) to instructional materials that enhance learning inquiry and persuasion. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.


Johnsen H.,Metropolitan University of Technology
Women and Birth | Year: 2015

Background: Post bureaucracy is increasingly shaping how health care professionals work. Within hospital settings, post bureaucracy is frequently connected to loss of professional autonomy and protocol-based care. However, this development also affects relationships between care providers and care receivers. Question: To explore experiences of post bureaucratic hospital reforms and their impact on care provision. Method: Data builds on nine mini group interviews with midwives (n = three), nurses (n = three) and physiotherapists (n = three), in all thirty participants. Data was analysed using existing theories of professionalism and post bureaucracy. Findings: Two overarching themes were identified: 'Time, tasks and institutional duties' which referred to transformations in care practices, increased use of screening procedures, efficiency requirements and matching linear time to the psychosocial needs of patients. 'Managerial control of work' which described rising administrative demands, engaging in protective measures, younger professionals pressured by documentation obligations and fear of disciplinary procedures. Conclusion: The institutional context appears to play a key role shaping care practices. Although midwives, nurses and physiotherapists share similar experiences of post bureaucratic hospital reforms, changes in care provision can impact these professions in different ways. As a discipline, midwifery is founded on relationships between women and midwives. Standardised clinical care, performativity demands, litigation risks and rising administrative obligations are liable to challenge the provision of woman centred care. These changes may also result in increased inequity in maternity care by affecting some groups of women more than others. © 2015 Australian College of Midwives.


It is hard to find in Chilean history a building more exceptional than the UNCTAD III. Not only its original project conditions –deadline, team, location and political relevance– transformed it into a unique case, but also its further trajectory, which went hand in hand with the country’s political history. This paper analyzes these paths, pointing out the technological and social conditions that allowed the building to become a reflection of the society that has surrounded it. © 2016, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile. All rights reserved.

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