Prague, Czech Republic
Prague, Czech Republic

Metropolitan University Prague is a private university in the Czech Republic founded in 2001 as the University of Public Administration and International Relations. It provides Bachelor, Master and Ph.D. studies as full-time or part-time study. Courses offered include: Anglophone Studies, International Trade, International Relations and European Studies , Industrial Property, Public Administration, Humanities and Asian Studies.Since 2007, the university's International Relations Department has published a semiannual peer-reviewed academic journal entitled the Central European Journal of International and Security Studies. Wikipedia.


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Bures O.,Metropolitan University at Prague | Bures O.,Durham University
Crime, Law and Social Change | Year: 2016

This article makes a threefold contribution to the literature on security pluralization in the European Union (EU). Firstly, it maps the existing EU level security strategies, their accompanying action plans and implementation reports in order to identify and critically asses the prevailing conceptual frameworks – public-private partnerships and resilience – evoked by EU policy-makers when it comes to the contributions of the private sector in the provision of security. Secondly, it explores a hitherto overlooked conceptual framework for analyzing the contributions of private businesses in the provision of security in the EU (and beyond): political corporate social responsibility. Thirdly, it surveys the key challenges of the growing role of private businesses in the provision of security (responsibilization, depoliticization, and commodification) which are important reminders that no matter what conceptual framework one prefers, the engagement of private businesses in the provision of security is always bound to raise a number of profound dilemmas. This in turn implies the need for (re-)consideration of the more traditional regulatory frameworks in order to safeguard important public goods and/or values. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht


Bures O.,Metropolitan University at Prague | Bures O.,Durham University | Carrapico H.,Aston University
Crime, Law and Social Change | Year: 2016

The aim of this special issue is to widen the existing debates on security privatization by looking at how and why an increasing number of private actors beyond private military and/or security companies (PMSCs) have come to perform various security related functions. While PMSCs produce security for profit, most other private sector actors make profit by selling goods and services that were originally not connected with security in the traditional understanding of the term. However, due to the continuous introduction of new legal and technical regulations by public authorities, many non- security related private businesses nowadays have to perform at least some security functions. Little research, however, has been done thus far, both in terms of security practices of non- security related private businesses and their impact on security governance. This introduction explains how this special issue contributes to closing this glaring gap by 1) extending the conceptual and theoretical arguments in the existing body of literature; and 2) offering a range of original case studies on the specific roles of non- security related private companies of all sizes, areas of businesses, and geographic origin. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SSH.2013.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 6.46M | Year: 2014

The overriding aim of this project is to conduct a comparative EU wide analysis on youth unemployment that is sensitive to gender, ethnic and class differences and the historical legacies of multi-level institutions shaping relevant policies. This aim will be achieved through 10 objectives organized around 12 research, management, dissemination and scientific coordination work packages. There are three cross-cutting research WPs that examine Performance, Policy Learning and its limitations and include the production of an International Handbook on Strategic Transitions for Youth Labour in Europe; Six substantive research WPs focus on issues of: Labour Market Mismatch in terms of education and skills as well as geographical mobility; Family and Cultural barriers to employment and, the opportunities and consequences of Self-Employment and Flexicurity. The central concept informing this project is based on a policy learning approach to address youth unemployment. This involves an ongoing process of including a wide range of EU stakeholders to inform the research and disseminate the results in different institutional conditions. It provides a recent historical analysis accounting for factors prior to, and following on from, the on-going economic crisis. It informs policy makers about of what works and why. The consortium will achieve the expected impact of 1) advancing the knowledge base of employment strategies to overcome youth unemployment, defining measures, methods and evaluations, 2) creating a critical network of stakeholder organisation. Outputs will include: An International Handbook on Strategic Transitions for Youth Labour in Europe. Multimedia dissemination: working papers, policy briefings, newsletters, press coverage and video podcasts. A comparative analyses of where and under which circumstances innovative and effective policies for getting young people into work are evident, where these policies work and why; Policy recommendations, from both case studies and quantitative analysis, on the impacts of these employment strategies; Timely and professional dissemination to key stakeholders facilitated by the partner EurActiv. Three WPs focus on the management, dissemination and scientific coordination of the project to achieve these objectives and outputs.


Murgas F.,Technical University of Liberec | Hermanova E.,Metropolitan University at Prague
Public Recreation and Landscape Protection - With Man Hand in Hand�, Conference Proceeding | Year: 2013

The paper describes the concept of quality of life as one of the key concepts of contemporary social and economic development. Its aim is to analyze recreation and nature conservation as vital parts of quality of life, which may take a form of indicators or a domain. Various methodological aspects of the position of recreation and nature conservation are discussed, especially in relation to the increasing number of facilities and services as prerequisites for an improvement of the quality of life, or by contrast, as the satisfaction of an individual is emphasized. Research into recreation and conservation aspects of the quality of life is at its beginning.


Recent major changes in rural development in Europe instigated by the decline in farming as a determinant, followed by population loss, lack of public services, economic and ecological degradation have brought about new demands made on rural space. A shift from production to consumption known as the 'post-productivist transition' has produced a type of modern rurality characterized by the alternative use of rural space and by novel forms of social organisations and relations. The outflow of original rural inhabitants is compensated for the influx of other people who have often different perspectives of how local development should be achieved and maintained. Thus, modern rurality faces new challenges and demands. The most illustrative example is the phenomenon of the so-called Dutch villages that represent a specific form of international rural tourism combining elements of tourism and migration. The aim of the paper is to investigate rural development from the perspective of the so-called countryside capital. Focus is placed on social processes, particularly social networks that construct and use the social capital. Research questions are as follows: what type of rural space is emerging in the areas under study? Who is its active agent, and who, on the contrary, challenges and opposes the planned development, and for what reasons? What kind of tensions, dilemmas and challenges does the process produce? The theoretical-methodological framework of the paper draws on the anthropology of tourism in general, and the concept of tourism as development in particular. The paper is based on the qualitative data gained from the anthropological fieldwork held between 2008 and 2010 in the recreational localities StArkov, StupnA, and Lipno nad Vltavou. At present, it only yields some preliminary data as the research is still in progress. An underlying aim of the project will be a complex comparative analysis of the interaction between foreign tourists and local hosts from the anthropological perspective which will reveal the differences and similarities in their conceptions of rural development.


Bures O.,Metropolitan University at Prague
Studies in Conflict and Terrorism | Year: 2012

In several areas of the post-9/11 efforts to fight terrorism, private rather than public entities have shouldered the bulk of the burden. This has been especially the case in the fight against terrorist financing where private financial institution are legally obliged to monitor the billions of daily financial transactions and report the suspicious ones to public authorities for further investigation. Since private financial institutions are geared toward making profits and where the money has come from has traditionally not been of great interest to them, it is important to investigate how they have coped with these demanding requirements. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Bures O.,Metropolitan University at Prague
Crime, Law and Social Change | Year: 2013

Based on a case study of the role of private financial institutions in the fight against terrorist financing, this article examines the rationales for, and actual results of, public-private partnerships in counterterrorism. It shows that there is still a lack of appreciation of the roles that regular private business play, both willingly and unwillingly, in the fight against terrorism. As profit, rather than security, maximizers, private sector actors may decide to take certain security risks rather than addressing them directly, which in contrast is expected from public agencies. As a consequence, public-private partnerships have not been the silver bullet that the representatives of public agencies had hoped for since 9/11. In fact, to many private sector representatives, they are more akin to public-private dictatorships. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Bures O.,Metropolitan University at Prague
Terrorism and Political Violence | Year: 2010

This article offers an analysis of the European Union's (EU) efforts in the fight against terrorist finances. Following the 9/11 attacks, the EU has adopted the relevant United Nations counterterrorism resolutions as well as the special recommendations of Financial Action Task Force. In addition, the EU has developed its own measures spanning across all of its three pillars. There is, however, a cause for concern that some of these measures have not been properly implemented, while others have been criticized on legal, transparency, legitimacy, and efficiency grounds. These shortcomings are not only due to EU's own internal obstacles, but also result from the EU's uncritical adoption of the prevailing smart sanctions and money-laundering regimes, which are based on a number of unwarranted assumptions that do not reflect the nature of contemporary terrorist threats in Europe. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Nemeckova T.,Metropolitan University at Prague | Krylova P.,Center for Global Development
Evaluation and Program Planning | Year: 2014

In Czech Republic there is a long tradition of providing tertiary scholarships to students from developing countries. The government scholarship programme started in the 1950s already as a part of the Czechoslovak technical assistance to countries in the South. Even though the programme left tens of thousands of graduates all over the world, the recent programme evaluation has revealed that it is characterised by a relatively poor performance. This article brings forward the main outcomes of the programme evaluation, highlights the policy recommendations and summarises policy reflections that occurred following the evaluation. The programme evaluation was done under unfavourable circumstances and could be accordingly defined as 'shoestring evaluation'. The restrictions and their influence on evaluation outcomes are discussed in article, too. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Horakova H.,Metropolitan University at Prague
Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geographica | Year: 2014

This article investigates the epistemological and methodological challenges concerning multi-local research in four Czech rural areas that have recently embarked upon a project of international tourism which uses public space and rural landscape as one of its principal attractions. The aim of the article is to discuss the degree of relevancy of particular methods, research strategies and conceptual tools in general and the ways they are reflected and applied in our research. The article also presents some of the research outcomes that illustrate the application of these theoretical and methodological approaches. The issues discussed in this article include theoretical and practical implications of defining modern rurality as an unbounded and fluid concept, and creating a conceptual framework for the author's empirical research. The main part of the article is devoted to theoretical and practical aspects of carrying out multi-sited ethnography as a research strategy for the study of rural development through tourism. The question is whether this method can be a legitimate proposition for contemporary research of modern rurality that seeks to understand social change associated with the post-socialist transformation of the Czech rural space.

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