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Objective: This study assessed the nutritional quality of meals served by the cafeteria of a company located in the metropolitan region of São Paulo city, Brazil. Methods: Thirty percent of the dishes served during one year (242 days) by the said cafeteria were systematically selected and assessed by the Meal Quality Index in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization and Brazilian Ministry of Health. This index consists of five items with a maximum of 20 points each: content of non-starchy vegetables and fruits; carbohydrate content; total fat content; saturated fat content; and within-meal diversity. Three-hundred sixty-seven meals grouped into 40 categories according to composition and preparation method were served during the study period. Spearman correlation was used to investigate a possible correlation between the index and nutrients in a meal. Analyses were done by the STATA software with the significance level set at 5%. Results: The mean Meal Quality Index score was 64.60 points, with a standard deviation of 21.18. Forty-four percent of the meals were classified as needing improvement and only 25% were classified as appropriate. In addition to rice and beans which are served daily, the most common preparations were legumes and fruits (30%), pasta and creams (12%), deep-fried foods (9%) and deserts with cream (8%). The Meal Quality Index correlated positively with vitamin C (r=0.32). Conclusion: Although fruits and non-starchy vegetables were always available, the meals need improvement to meet healthy eating recommendations that effectively help to promote good health.

Famelli S.,University of Sao Paulo | Bertoluci J.,University of Sao Paulo | Molina F.B.,University of Sao Paulo | Matarazzo-Neuberger W.M.,Methodist University of Sao Paulo
Chelonian Conservation and Biology | Year: 2011

We studied the structure of a population of Hydromedusa maximiliani associated with a stream in Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, Núcleo Itutinga-Pilões, southeastern Brazil, between October 2004 and October 2005. Twenty-five individuals were captured, and a population size of 43.72 ± 23.7 individuals was estimated. This value is similar to that of the population of Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, another Atlantic forest reserve of southeastern Brazil. Males were recaptured more frequently than females, suggesting higher activity and/or greater movement of males. © 2011 Chelonian Research Foundation.

According to the Food Guide for the Brazilian Population, from the Ministry of Health, adequate food depends on the consumption of food, not nutrients, and should be based on food practices that have social and cultural significance. For WHO/UN, despite many advances, there are nutritional deficiencies affecting large numbers of people around the world. The world is plagued by an epidemic of obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases; among silent diseases there are also eating disorders. Many authors have said that food consumption and the way in which this happens has varied greatly in recent decades in the light of social changes that have taken place, mainly the changing role of women in the formation and maintenance of a family structure. A good program to favour quality of life should include a rigorous planning of actions with a good diagnostic of current social, physical and health condition of workers before any effective action. Food can and should help to improve the quality of life both physically and mentally and socially. Food is factor that greatly contributes for a happy and dynamic society that constantly progresses.

Basile L.F.,Methodist University of Sao Paulo
PloS one | Year: 2010

In this study we analyzed the topography of induced cortical oscillations in 20 healthy individuals performing simple attention tasks. We were interested in qualitatively replicating our recent findings on the localization of attention-induced beta bands during a visual task [1], and verifying whether significant topographic changes would follow the change of attention to the auditory modality. We computed corrected latency averaging of each induced frequency bands, and modeled their generators by current density reconstruction with Lp-norm minimization. We quantified topographic similarity between conditions by an analysis of correlations, whereas the inter-modality significant differences in attention correlates were illustrated in each individual case. We replicated the qualitative result of highly idiosyncratic topography of attention-related activity to individuals, manifested both in the beta bands, and previously studied slow potential distributions [2]. Visual inspection of both scalp potentials and distribution of cortical currents showed minor changes in attention-related bands with respect to modality, as compared to the theta and delta bands, known to be major contributors to the sensory-related potentials. Quantitative results agreed with visual inspection, supporting to the conclusion that attention-related activity does not change much between modalities, and whatever individual changes do occur, they are not systematic in cortical localization across subjects. We discuss our results, combined with results from other studies that present individual data, with respect to the function of cortical association areas.

Da Silva Sousa M.V.,Methodist University of Sao Paulo | Scanavini M.A.,Methodist University of Sao Paulo | Sannomiya E.K.,Methodist University of Sao Paulo | Velasco L.G.,Methodist University of Sao Paulo | Angelieri F.,Methodist University of Sao Paulo
Photomedicine and Laser Surgery | Year: 2011

Introduction: This study evaluated the effect of low-level laser irradiation on the speed of orthodontic tooth movement of canines submitted to initial retraction. Methods: Twenty-six canines were retracted by using NiTi spring (force of 150 g/side). Thirteen of those were irradiated with diode laser (780 nm, 20 mW, 10 sec, 5 J/cm2) for 3 days, and the other 13 were not irradiated and thus were considered the control group. Patients were followed up for 4 months, and nine laser applications were performed (three each month). The movement of the canines was evaluated through 3D casts, and the statistical analysis was performed with ANOVA and Tukey tests (p < 0.05). Periapical radiographs of the studied teeth were submitted to Levander, Malmgreen, and alveolar bone ridge analyses to evaluate tissue integrity and were compared with the Wilcoxon test (p < 0.05). Results: A statistically significant increase in the movement speed of irradiated canines was observed in comparison with nonirradiated canines in all evaluation periods. No statistically significant difference was observed in bone and root resorption of canines, whether irradiated or not. Conclusion: The diode laser used within the protocol guidelines increased the speed of tooth movement. This might reduce orthodontic treatment time. Copyright © 2011, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Barbosa J.L.R.,Methodist University of Sao Paulo | Junior D.B.,Methodist University of Sao Paulo
Revista Neurociencias | Year: 2011

Introduction. Spinal cord injury is considered serious disabling neurological syndrome, occurs mainly in young adults. The heart rate variability has been used as a noninvasive means to assess the neural control of heart analyzing fluctuations. Objective. To assess heart rate variability in patients with spinal cord injury underwent an incremental test of upper limbs. Method. Four male subjects with a diagnosis of spinal cord injury performed an incremental test to maximal effort on a cycle ergometer of upper extremities. All records of heartbeats were made with the use of a heart rate monitors (Polar® S810 Heart Rate Monitor). These recorded beats were directed to a computer through an interface IR emission of infrared signals, so that they could carry out analysis of heart rate variability by using the Polar Precision Performance software. Results. The values of heart rate variability are greater in individuals with spinal cord injury highest (T1) compared with individuals with spinal cord injury lowest (T3, T6, T10). Conclusion. The variability of heart rate was higher in individuals with SCI at T1 when compared with individuals with lower TRM (T3, T6, T10).

Cerebral palsy (CP) refers to neuromuscular deficit caused by a non-progressive lesion of the immature brain resulting in a clinical variety, but presenting a common motor and sensory integration deficit. Objective. The aim of this descriptive study was to compare the performance of balance between hemiparetic spastic children with CP classified at Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level I and normal development children in the same age by dynamic posturography. Results. As a result, we find similarity between both groups for the variables of postural stability and adjustment, and we could see greater difficulty of children with CP to maintain and restores balance in the anteroposterior axis, although the CP group under some conditions, performed better when compared to children in normal development. Conclusion. We conclude that the similarities found are due to the fact that both groups were still in neuronal maturation of postural control, and that children with CP had greater sway and displacement of the center of pressure in the anteroposterior direction.

Joias R.P.,Methodist University of Sao Paulo
World journal of orthodontics | Year: 2010

To evaluate the Bolton ratios in Brazilians with natural, normal occlusions. Thirty-five dental casts of Brazilian Caucasians with a natural, normal occlusion from the files of the Postgraduate Program in Orthodontics of the Methodist University of São Paulo were scanned in three dimensions. On the scanned images, the greatest mesiodistal distance of each tooth from right first molar to left first molar was measured with Geomagic Studio 5 software. The Bolton ratios were then calculated. The anterior ratio amounted to 78.66% (SD ± 2.72) and the total ratio to 91.58% (SD ± 2.20). The anterior, but not the overall, ratio was significantly different from the ratio suggested by Bolton. COPYRIGHT © 2009 BY QUINTESSENCE PUBLISHING CO, INC.

The article compares William Hogarth's Gin Lane and Beer Street with texts by his contemporary John Wesley, spiritus rector of the Methodist movement. Although Hogarth had portrayed the Methodist religious movement in some of his prints as dangerously enthusiastic, both men defended a similar agenda concerning alcohol consumption. The similarities in their two ways of understanding the issue can be explained by culturally established customs, while distinct social outlooks can account for their differences.

Objective. This study demonstrates the effect of laser irradiation 660 nm, 17 J/cm 2, 30 mW, in the process of accelerating scaring of pressured ulcers. Method. A female patient, 23 years old, with paraplegic after acute transverse myelitis and five locations of pressured ulcers. The treatment was done over 12 sessions, over two months, of laser treatment using with application of irradiation with intensity of 17 J/cm 2 on a point by point application with 1 cm 2 of distance between each point. Results. After 8 weeks of treatment there was complete scaring of the ulcer in the right trochanteric region of type level III and also of the ulcer in the right ischiatic region of type level II. Conclusion. The results of this case study suggest that therapy with low intensity laser accelerates the process of scaring for pressured ulcers in reduced time.

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