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Basile L.F.,Methodist University of Sao Paulo
PloS one | Year: 2010

In this study we analyzed the topography of induced cortical oscillations in 20 healthy individuals performing simple attention tasks. We were interested in qualitatively replicating our recent findings on the localization of attention-induced beta bands during a visual task [1], and verifying whether significant topographic changes would follow the change of attention to the auditory modality. We computed corrected latency averaging of each induced frequency bands, and modeled their generators by current density reconstruction with Lp-norm minimization. We quantified topographic similarity between conditions by an analysis of correlations, whereas the inter-modality significant differences in attention correlates were illustrated in each individual case. We replicated the qualitative result of highly idiosyncratic topography of attention-related activity to individuals, manifested both in the beta bands, and previously studied slow potential distributions [2]. Visual inspection of both scalp potentials and distribution of cortical currents showed minor changes in attention-related bands with respect to modality, as compared to the theta and delta bands, known to be major contributors to the sensory-related potentials. Quantitative results agreed with visual inspection, supporting to the conclusion that attention-related activity does not change much between modalities, and whatever individual changes do occur, they are not systematic in cortical localization across subjects. We discuss our results, combined with results from other studies that present individual data, with respect to the function of cortical association areas.

According to the Food Guide for the Brazilian Population, from the Ministry of Health, adequate food depends on the consumption of food, not nutrients, and should be based on food practices that have social and cultural significance. For WHO/UN, despite many advances, there are nutritional deficiencies affecting large numbers of people around the world. The world is plagued by an epidemic of obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases; among silent diseases there are also eating disorders. Many authors have said that food consumption and the way in which this happens has varied greatly in recent decades in the light of social changes that have taken place, mainly the changing role of women in the formation and maintenance of a family structure. A good program to favour quality of life should include a rigorous planning of actions with a good diagnostic of current social, physical and health condition of workers before any effective action. Food can and should help to improve the quality of life both physically and mentally and socially. Food is factor that greatly contributes for a happy and dynamic society that constantly progresses.

Joias R.P.,Methodist University of Sao Paulo
World journal of orthodontics | Year: 2010

To evaluate the Bolton ratios in Brazilians with natural, normal occlusions. Thirty-five dental casts of Brazilian Caucasians with a natural, normal occlusion from the files of the Postgraduate Program in Orthodontics of the Methodist University of São Paulo were scanned in three dimensions. On the scanned images, the greatest mesiodistal distance of each tooth from right first molar to left first molar was measured with Geomagic Studio 5 software. The Bolton ratios were then calculated. The anterior ratio amounted to 78.66% (SD ± 2.72) and the total ratio to 91.58% (SD ± 2.20). The anterior, but not the overall, ratio was significantly different from the ratio suggested by Bolton. COPYRIGHT © 2009 BY QUINTESSENCE PUBLISHING CO, INC.

Objective: This study assessed the nutritional quality of meals served by the cafeteria of a company located in the metropolitan region of São Paulo city, Brazil. Methods: Thirty percent of the dishes served during one year (242 days) by the said cafeteria were systematically selected and assessed by the Meal Quality Index in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization and Brazilian Ministry of Health. This index consists of five items with a maximum of 20 points each: content of non-starchy vegetables and fruits; carbohydrate content; total fat content; saturated fat content; and within-meal diversity. Three-hundred sixty-seven meals grouped into 40 categories according to composition and preparation method were served during the study period. Spearman correlation was used to investigate a possible correlation between the index and nutrients in a meal. Analyses were done by the STATA software with the significance level set at 5%. Results: The mean Meal Quality Index score was 64.60 points, with a standard deviation of 21.18. Forty-four percent of the meals were classified as needing improvement and only 25% were classified as appropriate. In addition to rice and beans which are served daily, the most common preparations were legumes and fruits (30%), pasta and creams (12%), deep-fried foods (9%) and deserts with cream (8%). The Meal Quality Index correlated positively with vitamin C (r=0.32). Conclusion: Although fruits and non-starchy vegetables were always available, the meals need improvement to meet healthy eating recommendations that effectively help to promote good health.

The article compares William Hogarth's Gin Lane and Beer Street with texts by his contemporary John Wesley, spiritus rector of the Methodist movement. Although Hogarth had portrayed the Methodist religious movement in some of his prints as dangerously enthusiastic, both men defended a similar agenda concerning alcohol consumption. The similarities in their two ways of understanding the issue can be explained by culturally established customs, while distinct social outlooks can account for their differences.

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