PubMed | Evangelismos Hospital, Metaxa Hospital, Hippokrateion Hospital and National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of antimicrobial agents | Year: 2016
Carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (CP-Kp) are currently among the most important nosocomial pathogens in many geographic regions. A retrospective study was conducted between 2010 and 2014 in four hospitals located in a high-prevalence area (Athens, Greece) to describe the clinical features, treatment and outcomes of neutropenic patients with haematological diseases complicated with CP-Kp bloodstream infections. A total of 50 patients were identified, including 48 with haematological malignancies and 2 with aplastic anaemia. All patients had neutropenia (<500 cells/mm(3)), of whom 40 had <100 neutrophils/mm(3). The probable source of bacteraemia was identified in 9 patients; in the remaining 41 patients the bacteraemia was considered primary. For definitive treatment, 30 patients received combination therapy (two or more active drugs), 10 received monotherapy (one active drug) and 4 received therapy with no active drug; the remaining 6 patients died within 48 h after the onset of bacteraemia. The 14-day all-cause mortality rate was 50%, 38% and 33% for those who received one, two or three active drugs respectively. In the Cox proportional hazards model, unresolved neutropenia [hazard ratio (HR)=19.28, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.31-160.69; P=0.006], septic shock (HR=3.04, 95% CI 1.06-8.78; P=0.04) and treatment with one active drug (HR for monotherapy versus combination therapy=3.95, 95% CI 1.23-12.65; P=0.02) were independent predictors of death, whilst combination therapy was associated with lower mortality. These findings may assist physicians in making treatment decisions for neutropenic patients with CP-Kp infections.
Mavroudis D.,University of Crete |
Saloustros E.,General Hospital of Heraklion Venizelio |
Malamos N.,Elena Venizelou Hospital |
Kakolyris S.,University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis |
And 5 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2015
Background: Adjuvant trastuzumab in combination with chemotherapy improves survival of women with HER2-positive early breast cancer. In this study, we compared 12 versus 6 months of adjuvant trastuzumab. Patients and methods: Axillary node-positive or high-risk node-negative women with HER2-positive early breast cancer were randomized to receive 12 or 6 months of adjuvant trastuzumab concurrently with dose-dense, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-supported docetaxel (75 mg/m2 every 14 days for four cycles). All patients received upfront dose-dense, G-CSF-supported FEC (5-fluorouracil 700 mg/m2, epirubicin 75 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 700 mg/m2 every 14 days for four cycles). Randomization was carried out before commence of chemotherapy. The primary end point was the 3-year disease-free survival (DFS). Results: A total of 481 patients were randomized to receive 12 months (n = 241) or 6 months (n = 240) of adjuvant trastuzumab. Chemotherapy was completed in 99% and 98% of patients, while trastuzumab therapy in 100% and 96% of patients in the 12- and 6-month groups, respectively. After 47 and 51 months of median follow-up, there were 17 (7.1%) and 28 (11.7%) disease relapses in the 12- and 6-month groups (P = 0.08). The 3-year DFS was 95.7% versus 93.3% in favor of the 12-month treatment group (hazard ratio = 1.57; 95% confidence interval 0.86-2.10; P = 0.137). There was no difference in terms of overall survival and cardiac toxicity between the two groups. Conclusions: Our study failed to show noninferiority for the 6-month arm. The results further support the current standard of care that is administration of adjuvant trastuzumab for 12 months. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.
Kaloyannidis P.,George Papanicolaou Hospital |
Voutiadou G.,George Papanicolaou Hospital |
Baltadakis I.,Evaggelismos Hospital |
Tsirigotis P.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens |
And 9 more authors.
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2012
Patients with relapsed/progressed Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) following autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) may not have an invariably dismal outcome as previously considered. In a multicenter retrospective study, we evaluated 126 patients who relapsed/progressed after a median of 5 (1-132) months post first AHCT. Management consisted of irradiation, chemotherapy ± irradiation, second HCT, or palliation. Currently, 53 of 126 (42%) patients are alive for a median of 32 months since relapse/progression and 44 (35%) of them remain progression-free. Interval of <12 months to relapse/progression, presence of B-symptoms, and disease refractoriness at first AHCT failure adversely influenced overall survival (P < .05). The typeof treatment had no impact on survival. Furthermore, to predict the outcome at the time of relapse/progression, we constructed a prognostic model based on 3 factors: interval of <12 months from first AHCT to relapse/progression, presence of B-symptoms, and pre-AHCT disease refractoriness. Patients with 0 to 1 factors achieved a median survival of 70 months compared to 17 months only in those with 2 to 3 factors (P < .001). This study, the largest reported to date, suggests that selected patients with relapse/progression after first AHCT can be rescued with current treatment modalities. However, relapsed/progressed HL following AHCT still poses a therapeutic challenge, and prospective trials are needed to determine the most appropriate approach in this setting. © 2012 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.
Thanopoulou E.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens |
Kotzamanis G.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens |
Pateras I.S.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens |
Ziras N.,Metaxa Hospital |
And 7 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2012
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), a cell adhesion molecule with a key role in inflammation and immunosurveillance, has been implicated in carcinogenesis by facilitating instability of the tumor environment. The K469E single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (G>A) affects the ICAM-1 mRNA splicing pattern; the alternatively spliced isoform (ICAM-1-S) lacks transmembrane and intracellular domain, which affects the structural and signal transduction properties. Moreover, the expression of ICAM-1 is transcriptionally regulated by p53, and this SNP has been shown to be related with apoptosis. PCR-RFLP analysis was used to assess the K469E SNP status comparatively in 203 non-small cell lung cancer patients and 175 healthy sex-matched controls. This SNP was examined in relation to tumor kinetic parameters (Ki-67 immunohistochemical evaluation and Tdt-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay), p53 immunohistochemistry status, and clinicopathological data in patients with operable stages. Both the genotype and allele frequency did not differ significantly between patients and controls. However, patients with the AG/AA genotypes had worse survival (39 vs 45 months, p = 0.036) and tended to be present in advanced stages (p = 0.057). Moreover, the AG/AA genotypes exerted a synergistic effect with aberrant p53 on tumor progression, while the GG genotype retained a better apoptotic index. The AG/AA genotypes correlated with worse survival and advanced stages probably due to defective immunosurveillance and apoptosis. These genetic backgrounds may confer a selective advantage for dissemination of tumor cells with high metastatic potential compared to GG genotype. © 2012 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).
PubMed | New York University, Evangelismos Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Metaxa Hospital and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of antimicrobial agents | Year: 2014
In a study of 27,864 patients with haematological malignancies, 40 patients with candidaemia were identified, among whom 21 developed candidaemia while receiving systemic antifungal therapy [breakthrough candidaemia (BTC)]. Demographic, clinical, microbiological and molecular features of these episodes were analysed. Compared with 19 patients with de novo candidaemia, patients with BTC were more likely to have neutropenia (81% vs. 63%), longer median duration of neutropenia (27 days vs. 15 days), hypogammaglobulinaemia (62% vs. 37%) and central venous catheters (CVCs) (86% vs. 68%). The median duration of prior antifungal exposure was 46 days (range 3-108 days). Among the 18 available Candida spp. isolates, 15 (83%) were phenotypically susceptible to the antifungal agent that the patient was receiving. Emergence of resistance was the mechanism leading to BTC in three cases of patients receiving echinocandins. Other possible mechanisms of BTC were (i) elevated (2) minimum lethal concentration/minimum inhibitory concentration (MLC/MIC) ratio (reduced ability for a fungicidal agent to kill a fungal pathogen) in all patients receiving amphotericin B and (ii) elevated MLC/MIC ratios in all Candida parapsilosis isolates with MICs1 g/mL to echinocandins. DNA sequencing of the hotspot 1 region of the fks1 and fks2 genes in seven different isolates of C. parapsilosis group demonstrated P660A in Fks1 but no polymorphisms in fks2. In conclusion, mechanisms for BTC in the setting of prolonged neutropenia may be host-based (hypogammaglobulinaemia and CVC) and pathogen-based. CLSI interpretive breakpoints do not reliably predict BTC in patients with haematological malignancies and warrant further investigation.
Baltayiannis N.,Metaxa Hospital |
Chandrinos M.,Metaxa Hospital |
Anagnostopoulos D.,Metaxa Hospital |
Zarogoulidis P.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki |
And 7 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Disease | Year: 2013
According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) GLOBOCAN World Cancer Report, lung cancer affects more than 1 million people a year worldwide. In Greece according to the 2008 GLOBOCAN report, there were 6,667 cases recorded, 18% of the total incidence of all cancers in the population. Furthermore, there were 6,402 deaths due to lung cancer, 23.5% of all deaths due to cancer. Therefore, in our country, lung cancer is the most common and deadly form of cancer for the male population. The most important prognostic indicator in lung cancer is the extent of disease. The Union Internationale Contre le Cancer (UICC) and the American Joint Committee for Cancer Staging (AJCC) developed the tumour, node, and metastases (TNM) staging system which attempts to define those patients who might be suitable for radical surgery or radical radiotherapy, from the majority, who will only be suitable for palliative measures. Surgery has an important part for the therapy of patients with lung cancer. Lobectomy is the gold standard treatment. This statement may be challenged in cases of stage Ia cancer or in patients with limited pulmonary function. In these cases an anatomical segmentectomy with lymph node dissection is an acceptable alternative. Chest wall invasion is not a contraindication to resection. En-bloc rib resection and reconstruction is the treatment of choice. N2 disease represents both a spectrum of disease and the interface between surgical and non-surgical treatment of lung cancer Evidence from trials suggests that multizone or unresectable N2 disease should be treated primarily by chemoradiotherapy. There may be a role for surgery if N2 is downstaged to N0 and lobectomy is possible, but pneumonectomy is avoidable. Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is considered a systemic disease at diagnosis, because the potential for hematogenous and lymphogenic metastases is very high. The efficacy of surgical intervention for SCLC is not clear. Lung cancer resection can be performed using several surgical techniques. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy is a safe, efficient, well accepted and widespread technique among thoracic surgeons. The 5-year survival rate following complete resection of lung cancer is stage dependent. Incomplete resection rarely is useful and cures the patient © Pioneer Bioscience Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Koletsis E.,University of Patras |
Prokakis C.,University of Patras |
Baltayiannis N.,Metaxa Hospital |
Apostolakis E.,University of Patras |
And 2 more authors.
Injury | Year: 2012
Background: Airway trauma is a life threatening condition requiring prompt diagnosis and management. We present our experience focusing on the diagnosis, airway management and treatment. Material and methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 25 patients treated for tracheal or bronchial injury within a 12 year period. Data collected included: mechanism and sites of injury, associated injuries, clinical presentation, indications for surgical management, treatment and outcome. Results: There were 15 traumatic injuries (blunt/penetrating, 10/5 patients) and 10 post-intubation perforations. The most common findings included subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax. Endotracheal intubation was carried out under bronchoscopic guidance. Tracheostomy was performed in one patient. Most injuries were located at the trachea/carina. Surgical treatment was undertaken in 22 patients. In 13 of them, all with traumatic injuries, the surgical treatment was decided on the basis of the clinical and radiological findings. The decision for surgery in post-intubation injuries was based on the proximity of the injuries to the carina (2 patients), the suspicion of an unsafe airway (1 patient) and the present of posterior tracheal wall perforations > 2 cm (2 patients). The surgical approach for the repair was dictated by the location of the injury. There was a single case of perioperative mortality in the subgroup of patients with traumatic injuries. Conclusions: Surgical primary repair represents the treatment of choice in airway injuries with the approach depending on the specific site of the lesion. Therefore we consider valuable the division of the tracheobronchial tree in 4 zones. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Kostoglou-Athanassiou I.,Red Cross |
Athanassiou P.,St Pauls Hospital |
Gkountouvas A.,Metaxa Hospital |
Kaldrymides P.,Metaxa Hospital
Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2013
Objectives: The extraskeletal effects of vitamin D have attracted considerable interest. Vitamin D deficiency appears to be related to the development of diabetes mellitus type 2 and the metabolic syndrome. Vitamin D may affect glucose homeostasis, vitamin D levels having been found to be inversely related to glycosylated hemoglobin levels in gestational diabetes mellitus. In addition, vitamin D appears to protect from the development of gestational diabetes mellitus. The aim was to study levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] and the relationship between 25(OH)D3 levels and glycemic control in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. Methods: Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and 25(OH)D3 levels were measured in a group of 120 diabetes mellitus type 2 patients. The same measurements were performed in a group of 120 control subjects of the same age and sex. 25(OH)D3 was measured by radioimmunoassay and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Results: 25(OH)D3 levels were lower in the diabetes mellitus type 2 patients than in the control group, being 19.26 ± 0.95 ng/ml and 25.49 ± 1.02 ng/ml, in the patient and control groups, respectively (p < 0.001, Student's t-test). 25(OH)D3 levels were found to be inversely associated with HbA1c levels in the diabetic patients (p = 0.008, r2 = 0.058, linear regression). 25(OH)D3 levels were found to be inversely associated with HbA1c when the patient and control groups were analysed together (p < 0.001, r2 = 0.086). Conclusions: Vitamin D levels appeared to be lower in diabetes mellitus type 2 patients than in the control group, vitamin D levels being related to glycemic control in diabetes mellitus type 2. These findings may have therapeutic implications as cautious vitamin D supplementation may improve glycemic control in diabetes mellitus type 2. © The Author(s), 2013.
Kaldrymides Ph.,Metaxa Hospital |
Kostoglou-Athanassiou I.,Metaxa Hospital |
Gkountouvas A.,Metaxa Hospital |
Veniou E.,Metaxa Hospital |
Ziras N.,Metaxa Hospital
Endocrine | Year: 2010
Tyrosine kinase receptors have been implicated in thyroid cancer. Therefore, tyrosine kinase inhibitors may be used for the treatment of advanced metastatic thyroid carcinoma. The aim is to present a case of metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma responding to the administration of sunitinib, a multi-targeted protein kinase inhibitor. A patient presented with metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma and hyperthyroidism. After euthyroidism was achieved the patient was treated by the administration of therapeutic radioiodine 131I, radiotherapy and sunitinib, a multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Thyroglobulin levels decreased from 9,594 to 6,816 ng/ml after 1 month, 6 months later being 2,776 ng/ml. The lesion in the pelvis was 12.5 × 9 cm before treatment decreasing thereafter and the patient improved clinically. The administration of sunitinib resulted in partial disease response in a patient with progressive metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma. Protein kinase inhibitors may prove useful in the management of advanced metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.