PubMed | metanomics GmbH
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinical chemistry | Year: 2014
Metabolomics is a valuable tool with applications in almost all life science areas. There is an increasing awareness of the essential need for high-quality biospecimens in studies applying omics technologies and biomarker research. Tools to detect effects of both blood and plasma processing are a key for assuring reproducible and credible results. We report on the response of the human plasma metabolome to common preanalytical variations in a comprehensive metabolomics analysis to reveal such high-quality markers.Human EDTA blood was subjected to preanalytical variations while being processed to plasma: microclotting, prolonged processing times at different temperatures, hemolysis, and contamination with buffy layer. In a second experiment, EDTA plasma was incubated at different temperatures for up to 16 h. Samples were subjected to GC-MS and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based metabolite profiling (MxP Broad Profiling) complemented by targeted methods, i.e., sphingoids (as part of MxP Lipids), MxP Catecholamines, and MxP Eicosanoids.Short-term storage of blood, hemolysis, and short-term storage of noncooled plasma resulted in statistically significant increases of 4% to 19% and decreases of 8% to 12% of the metabolites. Microclotting, contamination of plasma with buffy layer, and short-term storage of cooled plasma were of less impact on the metabolome (0% to 11% of metabolites increased, 0% to 8% decreased).The response of the human plasma metabolome to preanalytical variation demands implementation of thorough quality assurance and QC measures to obtain reproducible and credible results from metabolomics studies. Metabolites identified as sensitive to preanalytics can be used to control for sample quality.