Metabolism and Nephrology

Kochi, Japan

Metabolism and Nephrology

Kochi, Japan
Time filter
Source Type

Takata H.,Metabolism and Nephrology
Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine | Year: 2013

Metabolic syndrome (Mets) is a combination of disorders including abdominal obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, dyslipidemia and hypertension, which increases risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes when occurring together. In Japan, diagnosis criteria of Mets consists of an increased waist circumference and 2 or more of CVD risk factors. Annual health checkups and health guidance using Mets criteria were established in 2008 for the prevention of life-style related diseases in Japan. In this issue, history and diagnostic criteria of Mets and concerns for Mets concept were described.

Horino T.,Metabolism and Nephrology | Takao T.,Kochi Medical School | Taniguchi Y.,Metabolism and Nephrology | Terada Y.,Metabolism and Nephrology
Clinical Rheumatology | Year: 2010

A 75-year-old man presented with headache, right facial palsy, and left hemiparesis. Because of elevated myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA) titers and findings from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which were compatible with hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP), he was diagnosed with MPO-ANCA-positive HP. He was treated with the combination therapy of steroid and cyclophosphamide (CY), leading to good prognosis. We present a case of HP associated with MPO-ANCA-positive vasculitis and emphasize the importance of MPO-ANCA tests as a predictable factor for relapse of the disease in order to start earlier treatment for the disease. © 2009 Clinical Rheumatology.

Noguchi T.,Metabolism and Nephrology | Makino S.,Metabolism and Nephrology | Matsumoto R.,Metabolism and Nephrology | Nakayama S.,Metabolism and Nephrology | And 3 more authors.
Endocrinology | Year: 2010

We have previously reported reduced glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mRNA levels in the hippocampus and hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) during repeated immobilization, which is potentially associated with persistent activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. We used in situ hybridization and Western blot to examine the transcriptional regulation of the GR gene, GR nuclear translocation, and expression of cytosolic heat shock protein 90 (hsp90), a chaperone protein essential for GR nuclear translocation, in the hippocampus, PVN, and anterior pituitary (AP) during single immobilization (sIMO) and the final immobilization on d 7 after daily IMO for 6 days (rIMO). As with GR mRNA, GR heteronuclear RNA levels decreased in the hippocampus and PVN and increased in the AP during sIMO and rIMO, indicating that the GR mRNA levels in these regions were regulated at the transcriptional level. In both sIMO and rIMO, nuclear GR levels were significantly increased in the hippocampus, medial basal hypothalamus (MBH), and AP. However, GR nuclear translocation was reduced in the hippocampus, unchanged in the MBH, and enhanced in the AP during rIMO, as compared with sIMO. Cytosolic hsp90 expression was unchanged in the hippocampus and MBH, whereas it significantly increased in the AP at 30 min during rIMO but not during sIMO. These results suggest that the site-specific changes in GR nuclear translocation during sIMO vs. rIMO are partially linked to hsp90 responses to immobilization. The reduced nuclear translocation of GR in the hippocampus during rIMO may reflect decreased glucocorticoid-mediated negative feedback on the hypothalamic-pituitary- adrenocortical axis. Copyright © 2010 by The Endocrine Society.

Otsuka F.,Okayama University of Science | Tsukamoto N.,Okayama University of Science | Miyoshi T.,Okayama University of Science | Iwasaki Y.,Metabolism and Nephrology | Makino H.,Okayama University of Science
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology | Year: 2012

The existence of a functional bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) system in the pituitary has been recognized. Recent studies have provided evidence that BMPs elicit differential actions in the regulation of prolactin (PRL) and adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) release in lactotropinoma and corticotropinoma cells, respectively. BMPs play a key role in the modulation of somatostatin receptor (SSTR) sensitivity of lactosomatotrope cells in an autocrine/paracrine manner. In addition, SSTR action enhances BMP responsiveness in corticotrope cells. The functional link between BMP receptor signaling and SSTR actions may be crucial for individual tolerance to somatostatin analogs for controlling PRL and ACTH production. Adjustment of the endogenous SSTR sensitivity may be an effective strategy to inhibit the growth activity and hormonal productivity of intractable pituitary tumors. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Makino S.,Osaka Gyomeikan Hospital | Fujiwara M.,Osaka Gyomeikan Hospital | Handa H.,Osaka Gyomeikan Hospital | Fujie T.,Osaka Gyomeikan Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Clinical Endocrinology | Year: 2012

Context: We aimed to assess whether obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) affects plasma IGF-1 and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S) levels in men, factors implicated in the development of age-related metabolic disorders. Design: We conducted a cross-sectional and longitudinal clinical study. Patients and setting: We measured plasma IGF-1 and DHEA-S levels in 191 non-drug-treated Japanese men (34 primary snorers (PS), 88 patients with mild-to-moderate OSAS and 69 patients severe OSAS ). Results: Plasma IGF-1 and DHEA-S were negatively correlated with age. Plasma IGF-1 was also negatively correlated with plasma glucose, HOMA-IR and systolic blood pressure and apnoea parameters such as the apnoea-hypopnea index, minimum oxygen saturation and slow-wave sleep (SWS) time. Plasma DHEA-S was associated with plasma glucose, HbA1c and free fatty acid and was negatively correlated with SWS time. To eliminate the influence of age, PS, patients with mild-to-moderate OSAS and severe OSAS were divided into three groups by age: young (<40 years), middleaged (40-59 years) and elderly (≥60 years). Patients with severe OSAS aged <40 or <60 years had lower plasma IGF-1 or DHEA-S levels, respectively, than did the corresponding snorers and mildto- moderate OSAS groups. Continuous positive airway pressure therapy for generally 16-18 months increased plasma IGF-1 levels in patients with severe OSAS aged <40 years (n = 18). Plasma DHEA-S levels were increased in patients with severe OSAS aged <60 years, whose DHEA-S level was below the mean value for that age (n = 23/41). Conclusion: Severe OSAS could reduce plasma IGF-1 and DHEAS levels in younger, but not elderly Japanese men, which is potentially associated with the development of metabolic abnormalities. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Horino T.,Metabolism and Nephrology | Takao T.,Kochi Medical School | Terada Y.,Metabolism and Nephrology
Lupus | Year: 2010

Systemic lupus erythematosus is generally recognized to be a multisystem autoimmune disease with kidney involvement. However, the occurrence of other non-lupus glomerulopathies has been rarely reported in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. It is well known that lupus nephritis may switch over time to another class according to the World Health Organization classification. It seems likely that IgA nephropathy is a clinical characteristic of a particular subset of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. We report a 22-year-old Japanese man with recurrence of proteinuria. The renal flare occurred when he was without lupus clinical and serological activity, and renal remission was only obtained with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and angiotensin II receptor blocker therapy. Although the incidence of IgA nephropathy is high in Japan, we believe that this is the first report of a Japanese patient in which lupus nephritis switched over time to IgA nephropathy. © The Author(s), 2010.

Taniguchi Y.,Metabolism and Nephrology | Matsumoto T.,Metabolism and Nephrology | Tsugita M.,Metabolism and Nephrology | Fujimoto S.,Metabolism and Nephrology | Terada Y.,Metabolism and Nephrology
Modern rheumatology / the Japan Rheumatism Association | Year: 2014

The patient, a 62-year-old man with a 3-year history of hyperuricemia, presented with severe neck pain, Achilles enthesopathy and polyarthralgia. He consumed alcohol heavily. The biochemical profile was normal except for elevated levels of CRP (3.6 mg/dl; normal < 0.3), uric acid (UA) (10.9 mg/dl; normal 2.5-7.5) and creatinine (1.7 mg/dl; normal 0.5-1.0). Bone scintigraphy showed polyarthritis at the right elbow, wrist and bilateral first MTP joints. Notably, bone scintigraphy with computed tomography also revealed spondylodiscitis of C5-C6, which was confirmed by MRI, and left Achilles tendonitis. Moreover, left Achilles tendonitis was also confirmed by ultrasonography, indicating enthesitis with low-echoic lesion and calcification. Needle aspiration yielded a white viscous liquid, with numerous urate crystals identified on polarized light microscopy. He was diagnosed with gouty arthritis associated with spondylodiscitis and Achilles tendonitis. After the treatment with allopurinol, colchicine and predonisolone, his symptoms were improved, and serum CRP and UA levels were normalized. The cervical spine and Achilles tendon are rare and notable sites of involvements in gout, and differential diagnosis of gouty arthritis from spondyloarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, tumor, pseudogout, and infection is necessary. When the patient was noted to have neck pain and Achilles enthesopathy, we should always recognize gouty arthritis.

Taniguchi Y.,University of Washington | Pippin J.W.,University of Washington | Hagmann H.,University of Cologne | Krofft R.D.,University of Washington | And 5 more authors.
American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology | Year: 2012

Cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)-5 is activated by both cyclin I and the noncyclin activator p35 in terminally differentiated cells such as kidney podocytes and neurons. Cyclin I and p35 are restricted to podocytes in the kidney, and each limit podocyte apoptosis by activating Cdk5. To determine whether both activators are necessary, or whether they serve backup roles, a double cyclin I-p35 null mouse was generated. Experimental glomerular disease characterized by podocyte apoptosis was then induced by administering an anti-podocyte antibody. The results showed that under nonstressed conditions double mutants had normal kidney structure and function and were indistinguishable from wild-type, cyclin I -/-, or p35 -/- mice. In contrast, when stressed with disease, podocyte apoptosis increased fourfold compared with diseased cyclin I -/- or p35 -/- mice. This resulted in a more pronounced decrease in podocyte number, proteinuria, and glomerulosclerosis. Under normal states and nephritic states, levels for the prosurvival protein Bcl-2 were lower in double cyclin I -/- p35 -/- mice than the other mice. Similarly, levels of Bcl-xL, another prosurvival member, were lower in normal and nephritic double cyclin I -/- p35 -/- mice but similar to single-cyclin I -/- mice. Moreover, levels of ERK1/2 and MEK1/2 activation were lower in nephritic double cyclin I -/- p35 -/- mice but similar to single-cyclin I -/- mice. The results demonstrate that the activators of Cdk5, p35, and cyclin I are not required for normal kidney function. However, they play pivotal coordinated roles in maintaining podocyte survival during stress states in disease. Copyright © 2012 the American Physiological Society.

PubMed | Metabolism and Nephrology and Hokkaido University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular and clinical oncology | Year: 2017

Thyroid-like low-grade nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinoma (TL-LGNPPA) is a rare neoplasm characterized by morphological analogy to papillary thyroid carcinoma and abnormal expression of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1). We herein report a rare case of TL-LGNPPA with a review of its clinical, morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics. The patient was a 25-year-old Japanese woman complaining of a 2-year history of fever of unknown origin. There were no remarkable physical findings and the laboratory tests, including C-reactive protein levels, were normal. Laryngoscopy, magnetic resonance imaging and fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography identified a pedunculated mass at the roof of the nasopharynx. Histologically, the tumour exhibited papillary growth of cuboidal or columnar epithelium. Tubular architecture and a spindle cell component were also observed focally. Some tumour cells exhibited intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells were positive for TTF-1, cytokeratin 7 and vimentin, but were negative for thyroglobulin. The Ki-67 labelling index (MIB-1 index) reached 5% in the most concentrated spot. The patient had neither local recurrence nor distant metastasis 3 years after removal of the tumour. In conclusion, TL-LGNPPA should be included it in the differential diagnosis of fever of unknown origin.

PubMed | Center for Clinical Research and Development, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Fukushima Medical University, Nagoya University and 10 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinical and experimental nephrology | Year: 2016

Transition of adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with childhood-onset chronic kidney diseases (C-CKD) from pediatric to adult renal services has received increasing attention. However, information on transition of Japanese patients with C-CKD is limited.The Transition Medicine Working Group, in collaboration with the Japanese Society for Nephrology, the Japanese Society for Pediatric Nephrology and the Japanese Society of Pediatric Urology, conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study in 2014 on issues concerning the transition of Japanese patients with C-CKD.Few institutions in Japan had transition programs and/or transition coordinators for patients with C-CKD. Refusal to transfer by patients or their families, lack of concern about transition and inability to decide on transfer were common reasons for non-transfer of patients still followed by pediatric renal services. Around 25% of patients who had ended or interrupted follow-up by pediatric renal services presented to adult renal services because of symptoms associated with C-CKD. Patients with various types of childhood-onset nephrourological diseases were transferred from pediatric to adult renal services. IgA nephropathy, minimal change nephrotic syndrome and congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract were the most frequent primary kidney diseases in adult patients with C-CKD.These survey results indicate the need for introduction of transitional care for Japanese AYA patients with C-CKD. Consensus guidelines for the optimal clinical management of AYA patients with C-CKD are required to ensure the continuity of care from child to adult renal services.

Loading Metabolism and Nephrology collaborators
Loading Metabolism and Nephrology collaborators