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Cambridge, MA, United States

Perreault M.,Metabolic Disease and Hemophilia Research | Will S.,Metabolic Disease and Hemophilia Research | Panza D.,Metabolic Disease and Hemophilia Research | Gareski T.,Metabolic Disease and Hemophilia Research | And 15 more authors.
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism | Year: 2010

Aim: Peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear receptors involved in glucose and lipid metabolism. Three isoforms of PPARs have been identified with different tissue distribution and biological functions. Although the pharmacology of each receptor is well studied, the physiological effect of simultaneous activation of PPARα, γ and δ is only starting to emerge. We sought to determine the biological effects of a novel PPAR pan activator and elucidate the physiological mechanisms involved.Methods: Ob/ob, diet-induced obese (DIO) or PPARα knockout mice were administered a novel agonist that activates all PPARs to various degrees to determine the effect on body weight, body composition, food intake and energy expenditure. In addition, serum parameters including glucose, insulin, triglycerides and ketone bodies as well as tissue acylcarnitine were evaluated. The effect of the novel agonist on liver and skeletal muscle histopathology was also studied.Results: We report that simultaneous activation of all PPARs resulted in substantial weight loss in ob/ob and DIO mice. Consistent with known PPAR pharmacology, we observed that agonist treatment increased lipid oxidation, although appetite suppression was mainly responsible for the weight loss. Agonist-induced weight loss was completely absent in PPARα knockout mice suggesting that PPARα pharmacology was the major contributor to weight regulation in mice.Conclusions: Our work provides evidence that simultaneous activation of PPARα, γ and δ decreases body weight by regulating appetite. These effects of the pan agonist were completely absent in PPARα knockout mice, suggesting that PPARα pharmacology was the major contributor to weight loss. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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