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Elizalde C.,Mesenchymal and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Laboratory | Fernandez-Rueda J.,Mesenchymal and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Laboratory | Salcedo J.M.,Mesenchymal and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Laboratory | Dorronsoro A.,Mesenchymal and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Laboratory | And 3 more authors.
Stem Cells and Development | Year: 2012

Epigenetic changes are regarded as emerging major players for hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) biology. Although some histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, such as valproic acid (VA), induce differentiation and apoptosis in a variety of leukemic cells in vitro, they produce a favorable effect on the expansion of normal HSCs. In this study, we have identified the VA target HDAC3 as a negative regulator of umbilical cord blood HSC expansion. We demonstrate that knockdown of the transcript dramatically improves CD34 + cell expansion, which correlates with a higher potential to generate colony-forming units in functional assays. We show that this effect is mediated at the level of primitive hematopoietic cells and that it is not due to negative effects on specific cell commitment or alterations in the cell cycle. HDAC3 inhibition does not block commitment to the monocytic lineage and the maturation of monocyte precursors, which are the main inhibited pathways in the presence of VA. Therefore, our results identify HDAC3 as a promising target for therapies aiming to expand HSCs. © 2012 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

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