Jakarta, Indonesia
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Friend R.,Institute for Social and Environmental Transition ISET | Jarvie J.,Mercy Corps | Reed S.O.,u Co | Sutarto R.,Mercy Corps Indonesia | And 2 more authors.
Urban Climate | Year: 2014

Emerging literature on urban climate adaptation emphasizes the need to "mainstream" climate change resilience into city planning, while simultaneously acknowledging a frequent disconnect between planning and implementation, especially in countries where governance lacks transparency and/or technical capacity. Moreover, how to influence planning towards prioritizing climate vulnerabilities is by no means self-evident. Particularly in developing countries, policy and planning processes are often complex, murky, and can be poorly understood even by the planners themselves. This paper discusses gaps in the process of mainstreaming climate resilience in Vietnam, Thailand, and Indonesia. Experience indicates that there is a common fundamental governance deficit among the three countries in that there is frequently no effective planning process into which climate change resilience could be mainstreamed. Even where governance mechanisms do function, they are often at odds with the kinds of adaptive, learning oriented processes that are at the heart of climate resilience theory. Reconfiguring urban governance is the core challenge, and within this, greater accountability and transparency. This requires informed public dialogue, where critical information about land, current and projected risks and vulnerabilities is in the public domain, and where regulatory framework, public access to redress and remedy is strengthened. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Orleans Reed S.,ISET Vietnam | Friend R.,ISET | Toan V.C.,National Institute for Science and Technology Policy and Strategic Studies | Thinphanga P.,Thailand Environmental Institute | And 2 more authors.
Environment and Urbanization | Year: 2013

This paper considers how resilience thinking and, in particular, its emphasis on learning has been applied in 10 cities in Vietnam, India, Thailand and Indonesia. Applying a "shared learning" approach in the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) has helped to create or strengthen networks, build appreciation for complexity and uncertainty among stakeholders, provide a space for deliberating concepts such as vulnerability and resilience, and build knowledge and capacities for stakeholders to engage and represent their own interests. Shared learning approaches face considerable challenges navigating politicized urban environments, in which the nature and value of existing systems-and therefore the value of building resilience-are contested. This article suggests that deliberate, strategic intervention by facilitators may contribute to more transformative change on behalf of equitable, socially just outcomes-and thus cautions against seeing urban climate vulnerability as a technical challenge, or shared learning as a "toolkit" for building resilience. © 2013 International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED).


Reed S.O.,Institute for Social and Environmental Transition International ISET | Friend R.,Institute for Social & Environmental Transition International | Jarvie J.,Mercy Corps | Henceroth J.,Institute for Social & Environmental Transition International | And 4 more authors.
Climate and Development | Year: 2014

The capacity of actors and institutions to learn and reorganize is central to the resilience of complex systems, particularly in the context of rapidly urbanizing cities. A process of qualitative, reflective research among practitioners within the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) showed that development projects and programmes can contribute meaningfully to this capacity when they introduce projects as “experiments”. While projects did provide desired tangible benefits to certain groups of actors, many of the most significant contributions to resilience were related to knowledge, networks, information, and greater engagement of citizens with the state. This emphasis on the capacity to learn and reorganize provides a counterpoint to ideas around “implementation” and “mainstreaming” normally promoted within climate change adaptation practice – and, importantly, can help enrich these practices to maximize their effectiveness. This paper focuses on international development projects in particular, although findings have implications for other types of adaptation and resilience initiatives supported by governments, private sector, or community-based organizations. © 2014 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis.


Jarvie J.,Mercy Corps Indonesia | Sutarto R.,Mercy Corps Indonesia | Syam D.,Mercy Corps Indonesia | Jeffery P.,Mercy Corps Indonesia
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability | Year: 2015

Cities in Asia are at risk from climate change, amplifying current hazards and introducing sea-level rise. Various efforts mitigating these challenges are framed in the context of building resilience. A challenge is that effort is directed at technical solutions, failing to recognize governance gaps that slow or prevent 'mainstreaming' resilience into government functions. Experience from Indonesia's malleable governance frameworks demonstrates that resilience-building measures need to be addressed as a long-term process based on alignment with government priorities and planning cycles. Resilience projects are milestones on the road toward effective resilience building. These issues are not restricted to Asia and learning on how to address such problems are applicable for urban climate change resilience practitioners in Africa and beyond. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

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