Whitehouse Station, NJ, United States
Whitehouse Station, NJ, United States
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Patent
Merck And Co. | Date: 2015-06-15

The present invention is directed to stable pharmaceutical formulations. More specifically, the present invention is directed to stable pharmaceutical formulations of testosterone undecanoate.


Patent
Merck And Co. | Date: 2016-02-25

A mixing apparatus (1) for mixing slaughter offal with a preservative agent, the apparatus comprising an offal collection tank (3) with a bottom (4) provided with a discharge opening (5) connectable to a closable discharge, an agitator (8) extending into the offal collection tank, and a pump unit (9) operatively connectable to the discharge, wherein the apparatus further comprises a preservative reservoir (7) mounted on top of the collection tank (3). A collection and preservation system is provided, wherein the addition of preservation agent can be strictly controlled, can easily and quickly be installed and connected when it is to be used. After use, the system is easily removed and cleaned.


Patent
Merck And Co. | Date: 2017-04-26

The present invention is directed to stable pharmaceutical formulations. More specifically, the present invention is directed to stable pharmaceutical formulations of testosterone undecanoate.


The invention is a pharmaceutical tablet formulation comprising between about 12.5 mg and 100 mg losartan potassium, between about 6.25 mg and about 50 mg chlorthalidone, and sodium bicarbonate in an amount between about 1.0% and about 10.0% by weight.


Patent
Sharp Corporation, Merck And Co. and Msd R&D China Co. | Date: 2015-07-10

The present invention is directed to a process for making Tetracyclic Heterocycle Compounds of Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein X^(1), X^(2), R^(1), R^(2 )and R^(3 )are defined above herein. The present invention is also directed to compounds that are useful as synthetic intermediates in the process of the invention.


Patent
Merck And Co. | Date: 2017-09-27

Antibodies which block the binding of human Programmed Death Receptor 1(hPD-1) to its ligands (hPD-L1 or hPD-L2) and their variable region sequences are disclosed. A method of increasing the activity (or reducing downmodulation) of an immune response through the PD-1 pathway is also disclosed.


Venkatraman S.,Merck And Co.
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences | Year: 2012

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the primary cause of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV is the leading cause of liver transplantation in the USA, and more than 200 million people worldwide are infected with HCV. Before the introduction of NS3 protease inhibitors, the standard of care was treatment with peg-interferon and ribavirin. Recent developments in virology have identified many novel targets in the HCV genome, allowing the development of direct-acting antivirals. In this article, I outline the discovery and development of boceprevir, the first HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitor approved for treatment of genotype 1 HCV infection. Boceprevir greatly improves the sustained virologic response (SVR) and provides new hope for treating genotype 1 infections. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Scammel T.E.,Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center | Winrow C.J.,Merck And Co.
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology | Year: 2011

Orexin-A and -B (also known as hypocretin-1 and -2) are neuropeptides produced in the lateral hypothalamus that promote many aspects of arousal through the OX1 and OX2 receptors. In fact, they are necessary for normal wakefulness, as loss of the orexin-producing neurons causes narcolepsy in humans and rodents. This has generated considerable interest in developing small-molecule orexin receptor antagonists as a novel therapy for the treatment of insomnia. Orexin antagonists, especially those that block OX2 or both OX1 and OX2 receptors, clearly promote sleep in animals, and clinical results are encouraging: Several compounds are in Phase III trials. As the orexin system mainly promotes arousal, these new compounds will likely improve insomnia without incurring many of the side effects encountered with current medications. © 2011 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.


Scapin G.,Merck And Co.
Acta Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography | Year: 2013

The 'phase problem' in crystallography results from the inability to directly measure the phases of individual diffracted X-ray waves. While intensities are directly measured during data collection, phases must be obtained by other means. Several phasing methods are available (MIR, SAR, MAD, SAD and MR) and they all rely on the premise that phase information can be obtained if the positions of marker atoms in the unknown crystal structure are known. This paper is dedicated to the most popular phasing method, molecular replacement (MR), and represents a personal overview of the development, use and requirements of the methodology. The first description of noncrystallographic symmetry as a tool for structure determination was explained by Rossmann and Blow [Rossmann & Blow (1962), Acta Cryst. 15, 24-31]. The term 'molecular replacement' was introduced as the name of a book in which the early papers were collected and briefly reviewed [Rossmann (1972), The Molecular Replacement Method. New York: Gordon & Breach]. Several programs have evolved from the original concept to allow faster and more sophisticated searches, including six-dimensional searches and brute-force approaches. While careful selection of the resolution range for the search and the quality of the data will greatly influence the outcome, the correct choice of the search model is probably still the main criterion to guarantee success in solving a structure using MR. Two of the main parameters used to define the 'best' search model are sequence identity (25% or more) and structural similarity. Another parameter that may often be undervalued is the quality of the probe: there is clearly a relationship between the quality and the correctness of the chosen probe and its usefulness as a search model. Efforts should be made by all structural biologists to ensure that their deposited structures, which are potential search probes for future systems, are of the best possible quality.


Gaffen S.L.,Merck And Co.
Nature reviews. Immunology | Year: 2014

Following the discovery of T helper 17 (TH17) cells, the past decade has witnessed a major revision of the TH subset paradigm and substantial progress has been made in deciphering the molecular mechanisms of T cell lineage commitment and function. In this Review, we focus on the recent advances that have been made regarding the transcriptional control of TH17 cell plasticity and stability, as well as the effector functions of TH17 cells, and we highlight the mechanisms of IL-17 signalling in mesenchymal and barrier epithelial tissues. We also discuss the emerging clinical data showing that IL-17-specific and IL-23-specific antibody treatments are remarkably effective for treating many immune-mediated inflammatory diseases.

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