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Sperb-Ludwig F.,BRAin Basic Research and Advanced Investigations in Neurosciences Laboratory | Sperb-Ludwig F.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Alegra T.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Velho R.V.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | And 9 more authors.
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports | Year: 2015

Mucolipidosis II and III alpha/beta (ML II/III alpha/beta) are rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage diseases that are caused by a deficiency of UDP-GlcNAc:lysosomal enzyme N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase, the enzyme responsible for the synthesis of the mannose 6-phosphate targeting signal on lysosomal hydrolases. A Brazilian patient suspected of having a very mild ML III was investigated using whole next-generation sequencing (NGS). Two mutations in the GNPTAB gene were detected and confirmed to be in trans status by parental analysis: c.1208T>C (p.Ile403Thr), previously reported as being pathogenic, and the novel mutation c.1723G>A (p.Gly575Arg). This study demonstrates the effectiveness of using whole NGS for the molecular diagnosis of very mild ML III alpha/beta patients. © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license. Source


Abrahao A.,Federal University of Sao Paulo | Abath Neto O.,University of Sao Paulo | Kok F.,University of Sao Paulo | Zanoteli E.,University of Sao Paulo | And 5 more authors.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences | Year: 2016

Background VCP (valosin-containing protein gene) variants have been associated with peripheral and central neurodegenerative processes, including inclusion body myopathy (IBM), Paget disease of bone (PDB), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), and familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) type 14. The combination of IBM, PDB (IBMPFD1) can presented in one individual. However, the association of IBMPFD1 and ALS in the same family is rare. Methods We reported three individuals from a Brazilian kindred with intrafamilial phenotype variability. Whole exome sequencing (WES) of the proband was performed and revealed a novel VCP variant. VCP Sanger sequencing was performed in the proband and his family members to confirm WES finding and segregation. We performed a systematic review of the literature regarding the genotypic-phenotypic VCP correlations. Results Each individual presented with either myopathy with rimmed vacuoles, ALS, or FTD. There was no PDB. WES of the proband identified the heterozygous variant c.271A > T (p.Asn91Tyr) in the exon 3 of VCP. Sanger sequencing confirmed the segregation of this variant in an autosomal-dominant pattern. Conclusion This study expands the genotypic spectrum of the missense mutations of the VCP gene with a novel p.Asn91Tyr variant found in a Brazilian family presenting with the unusual intrafamiliar association of myopathy with rimmed vacuoles, ALS and FTD. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Source


de Setta N.,University of Sao Paulo | de Setta N.,Federal University of ABC | Monteiro-Vitorello C.B.,University of Sao Paulo | Metcalfe C.J.,University of Sao Paulo | And 32 more authors.
BMC Genomics | Year: 2014

Background: Sugarcane is the source of sugar in all tropical and subtropical countries and is becoming increasingly important for bio-based fuels. However, its large (10 Gb), polyploid, complex genome has hindered genome based breeding efforts. Here we release the largest and most diverse set of sugarcane genome sequences to date, as part of an on-going initiative to provide a sugarcane genomic information resource, with the ultimate goal of producing a gold standard genome.Results: Three hundred and seventeen chiefly euchromatic BACs were sequenced. A reference set of one thousand four hundred manually-annotated protein-coding genes was generated. A small RNA collection and a RNA-seq library were used to explore expression patterns and the sRNA landscape. In the sucrose and starch metabolism pathway, 16 non-redundant enzyme-encoding genes were identified. One of the sucrose pathway genes, sucrose-6-phosphate phosphohydrolase, is duplicated in sugarcane and sorghum, but not in rice and maize. A diversity analysis of the s6pp duplication region revealed haplotype-structured sequence composition. Examination of hom(e)ologous loci indicate both sequence structural and sRNA landscape variation. A synteny analysis shows that the sugarcane genome has expanded relative to the sorghum genome, largely due to the presence of transposable elements and uncharacterized intergenic and intronic sequences.Conclusion: This release of sugarcane genomic sequences will advance our understanding of sugarcane genetics and contribute to the development of molecular tools for breeding purposes and gene discovery. © 2014 de Setta et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Ravenscroft G.,University of Western Australia | Nolent F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Nolent F.,University Paris - Sud | Rajagopalan S.,Liverpool Hospital | And 23 more authors.
American Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2015

Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita is defined by the presence of contractures across two or more major joints and results from reduced or absent fetal movement. Here, we present three consanguineous families affected by lethal arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. By whole-exome or targeted exome sequencing, it was shown that the probands each harbored a different homozygous mutation (one missense, one nonsense, and one frameshift mutation) in GPR126. GPR126 encodes G-protein-coupled receptor 126, which has been shown to be essential for myelination of axons in the peripheral nervous system in fish and mice. A previous study reported that Gpr126 -/- mice have a lethal arthrogryposis phenotype. We have shown that the peripheral nerves in affected individuals from one family lack myelin basic protein, suggesting that this disease in affected individuals is due to defective myelination of the peripheral axons during fetal development. Previous work has suggested that autoproteolytic cleavage is important for activating GPR126 signaling, and our biochemical assays indicated that the missense substitution (p.Val769Glu [c.2306T>A]) impairs autoproteolytic cleavage of GPR126. Our data indicate that GPR126 is critical for myelination of peripheral nerves in humans. This study adds to the literature implicating defective axoglial function as a key cause of severe arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and suggests that GPR126 mutations should be investigated in individuals affected by this disorder. © 2015 The American Society of Human Genetics. Source


Melo U.S.,University of Sao Paulo | Macedo-Souza L.I.,University of Sao Paulo | Figueiredo T.,Federal University of Paraiba | Figueiredo T.,State University of Paraiba | And 18 more authors.
Human Molecular Genetics | Year: 2015

SPOAN syndrome is a neurodegenerative disorder mainly characterized by spastic paraplegia, optic atrophy and neuropathy (SPOAN). Affected patients are wheelchair bound after 15 years old, with progressive joint contractures and spine deformities. SPOAN patients also have sub normal vision secondary to apparently non-progressive congenital optic atrophy. A potential causative genewas mapped at 11q13 ten years ago. Herewe performed next-generation sequencing in SPOAN-derived samples. While whole-exome sequencing failed to identify the causative mutation, whole-genome sequencing allowed to detect a homozygous 216-bp deletion (chr11.hg19:g.66,024,557_66,024,773del) located at the non-coding upstream region of the KLC2 gene. Expression assays performed with patient's fibroblasts and motor neurons derived from SPOAN patients showed KLC2 overexpression. Luciferase assay in constructs with 216-bp deletion confirmed the overexpression of gene reporter, varying from 48 to 74%, as compared with wild-type. Knockdown and overexpression of klc2 in Danio rerio revealed mild to severe curly-tail phenotype, which is suggestive of a neuromuscular disorder. Overexpression of a gene caused by a small deletion in the non-coding region is a novel mechanism, which to the best of our knowledge, was never reported before in a recessive condition. Although the molecular mechanism of KLC2 up-regulation still remains to be uncovered, such example adds to the importance of non-coding regions in human pathology. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. Source

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