Martindale-Adams J.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center |
Martindale-Adams J.,Veterans Affairs Medical Center Memphis |
Nichols L.O.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center |
Nichols L.O.,Veterans Affairs Medical Center Memphis |
And 6 more authors.
Gerontologist | Year: 2016
Purpose of the Study: Health care and social services such as physician visits and support groups used by dementia caregivers for themselves were examined. Caregivers (N = 642) were from the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregivers Health (REACH II) study. Design and Methods: Caregiver predisposing, enabling, and need variables were examined using chi-squared and t-tests to characterize service users. Stagewise linear regression was used to explain numbers of services used. Results: Predisposing, enabling, and need variables were significantly related to dementia caregivers' service use. In regression, caregivers who were older, more educated, married, not employed, depressed, with functional disability needs, more illness-related reduced activity days, more medications, more symptoms, and fewer hours on duty per day used significantly more services for themselves. The statistically significant model explained 22.2% variance in numbers of services used. Service users, compared with nonusers, evidenced greater burden, bother with behaviors, and more desire to institutionalize. Implications: This study shows that caregiver service use is related to caregiver characteristics. Future work should examine the impact of caregiving on health care and social service use and costs. The societal costs of caregiving may be better understood when we account for additional service use by caregivers themselves. A significant clinical and policy issue is who should assess and support the caregiver. Possibilities include the care recipient's health care practitioner, the caregiver's health care practitioner, or a formal caregiver-focused program based in the health care system or the social service network.
Vemulapalli S.,Duke University |
Bakris G.L.,University of Chicago |
Bhatt D.L.,Harvard University |
Brown A.S.,Advocate Lutheran General Hospital |
And 15 more authors.
American Heart Journal | Year: 2014
To identify patients at increased risk for cardiovascular outcomes, apparent treatment resistant hypertension (aTRH) is defined as having a blood pressure (BP) above goal despite the use of ≥3 antihypertensive therapies of different classes at maximally tolerated doses, ideally including a diuretic. In light of growing scientific interest in the treatment of this group, a multistakeholder think tank was convened to discuss the current state of knowledge, improve the care of these patients, and identify appropriate study populations for future observational and randomized trials in the field. Although recent epidemiologic studies in selected populations estimate that the prevalence of aTRH is 10% to 15% of hypertensive patients, further large-scale observational studies will be needed to better elucidate risk factors. To spur the development of therapies for aTRH, the development of an "aTRH" label for pharmacologic and device therapies with a developmental pathway including treatment added to the use of existing therapies is favored. Although demonstration of adequate BP lowering should be sufficient to gain Food and Drug Administration approval for therapies targeting aTRH, assessment of improvement in quality of life and cardiovascular outcomes is also desirable and considered in Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services coverage decisions. Device trials under the aTRH label will need uniform and consistent processes for defining appropriate patient populations as well as postapproval registries assessing both long-term safety and duration of responses. Finally, patients with aTRH are likely to benefit from evaluation by a hypertension team to assure proper patient identification, diagnostic work-up, and therapeutic management before consideration of advanced or novel therapies to lower BP. © 2014 Mosby, Inc.
Cho H.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center |
Cho H.,Veterans Affairs Medical Center Memphis |
Bhatti F.-U.-R.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center |
Yoon T.W.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center |
And 5 more authors.
Biomedical Optics Express | Year: 2016
Detection and intervention at an early stage is a critical factor to impede arthritis progress. Here we present a non-invasive method to detect inflammatory changes in joints of arthritic mice. Inflammation was monitored by dual fluorescence optical imaging for near-infrared fluorescent (750F) matrix-metalloproteinase activatable agent and allophycocyanin-conjugated anti-mouse CD11b. Increased intensity of allophycocyanin (indication of macrophage accumulation) and 750F (indication of matrix-metalloproteinase activity) showed a biological relationship with the arthritis severity score and the histopathology score of arthritic joints. Our results demonstrate that this method can be used to detect early stages of arthritis with minimum intervention in small animal models. © 2016 Optical Society of America.
PubMed | Veterans Affairs Medical Center Memphis
Type: Case Reports | Journal: The Annals of thoracic surgery | Year: 2012
The abdominal compartment syndrome has been associated with trauma or primary abdominal procedures. The secondary abdominal compartment syndrome which is not associated with a primary abdominal process is seen in burns and other clinical situations where aggressive fluid resuscitation is needed. This case report describes a secondary abdominal compartment syndrome that occurred during an elective coronary revascularization which resulted in an inability to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). After a decompressive laparotomy was done, the patient was successfully weaned from bypass.