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Hakimi A.A.,Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew York New York | Ostrovnaya I.,Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew York New York | Jacobsen A.,Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew York New York | Susztak K.,University of Pennsylvania | And 13 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: The exonic single-nucleotide variant rs11762213 located in the MET oncogene has recently been identified as a prognostic marker in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). This finding was validated with The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort, and the biologic implications were explored. METHODS: The genotype status for rs11762213 was available for 272 patients. Paired tumor-normal data, genomic data, and clinical information were acquired from ccRCC TCGA data sets. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) was analyzed with the competing risk method, and Cox proportional hazards regression was used for the analysis of the time to recurrence (TTR). Multivariate competing risk models were fitted to adjust for the validated Mayo Clinic Stage, Size, Grade, and Necrosis (SSIGN) score. RESULTS: The variant allele of rs11762213 was detected in 10.3% of the cohort. After adjustments for the SSIGN score, the risk allele remained a significant predictor for adverse CSS (hazard ratio [HR], 3.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.99-7.56; P<.0001) and for TTR (OR, 2.97; 95% CI, 1.43-6.2; P=.003). The mapping of rs11762213 to regulatory regions within the genome suggested that it might affect a DNA enhancer region. RNA and protein sequencing data for MET did not reveal differences in steady-state expression with stratification by risk allele. CONCLUSIONS: The exonic MET variant rs11762213 is an independent predictor of adverse CSS and TTR in ccRCC and should be integrated into clinical practice for prognostic stratification. Genomic analysis suggests that the single-nucleotide polymorphism may affect an enhancer region located in the coding region of MET. Further biological mechanistic interrogation is currently underway. © 2015 American Cancer Society.

Salsman J.M.,Comprehensive Cancer Center at Wake Forest BaptistWinston Salem North Carolina | Diaz J.,Novartis | Deen K.C.,GlaxoSmithKlineCollegeville Pennsylvania | Mccann L.,GlaxoSmithKlineCollegeville Pennsylvania | And 4 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2016

BACKGROUND: In a phase 3, randomized, open-label trial (Pazopanib versus Sunitinib in the Treatment of Locally Advanced and/or Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma, COMPARZ; NCT00720941), pazopanib was found to be noninferior to sunitinib in terms of progression-free survival in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma with no prior therapy. Overall treatment differences were evaluated in a post hoc analysis with a quality-adjusted time without symptoms or toxicity (Q-TWiST) methodology. METHODS: Each patient's overall survival was partitioned into 3 mutually exclusive health states: time with grade 3 or 4 toxicity (TOX), time without symptoms of disease or grade 3/4 toxicity of treatment, and time after tumor progression or relapse (REL). The time spent in each state was weighted by a health-state utility associated with that state and summed to calculate the Q-TWiST. A threshold utility analysis was used, and utilities were applied across the range of 0 (similar to death) to 1 (perfect health). RESULTS: A total of 1110 patients were enrolled (557 on pazopanib and 553 on sunitinib). The mean TOX was 31 days (95% confidence interval, 13-48 days) longer for sunitinib versus pazopanib. In the threshold utility analysis, the difference in the Q-TWiST ranged from -11 days (utility for TOX, 1; utility for REL, 0) to 43 days (utility for TOX, 0; utility for REL, 1) in favor of pazopanib across most utility combinations. Differences were significant in less than half of the utility combinations examined, and this typically occurred when the utility for TOX was lower than the utility for REL. CONCLUSIONS: Patients randomized to pazopanib had a slightly longer Q-TWiST in comparison with sunitinib patients, and this was primarily due to the reduced length of TOX. © 2015 American Cancer Society.

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