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Dumantepe M.,Memorial Atasehir Hospital Istanbul | Tarhan A.,Memorial Atasehir Hospital Istanbul | Ozler A.,Memorial Atasehir Hospital Istanbul
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2013

Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome results from obstruction of flow through the vessel either by external compression or thrombosis. External compression by intrathoracic neoplasms is the most common etiology, especially lung cancer and lymphoma. Thrombosis is becoming increasingly common due to the use of indwelling catheters and implantable central venous access devices. Most patients are unresponsive to anticoagulation alone which appears to be effective only in the mildest cases. However, recent advances in catheter-based interventions have led to the development of a variety of minimally invasive endovascular strategies to remove venous thrombus and accepted as an important first-line treatment given its high overall success rate and low morbidity as compared with medical and surgical treatments. Ultrasound accelerated catheter-directed thrombolysis (UACDT) has been developed to rapidly and completely resolve the existing thrombus. This technique integrates high frequency, low intensity ultrasound (US) with standard CDT in order to accelerate clot dissolution, reducing treatment time and the incidence of thrombolysis-related complications. An US wave enhances drug permeation through thrombus by disaggregating the fibrin matrix, exposing additional plasminogen receptor sites to the thrombolytic agent. The US energy affects thrombus in the entire venous segment, increasing the probability of complete thrombus clearing. We report the case of a 56-year-old man who presented with a 5 days history of SVC syndrome symptoms who had been receiving chemotherapy for colon cancer through a right subclavian vein port catheter. The patient successfully treated with UACDT with EkoSonic® Mach4e Endovascular device with an overnight infusion. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Dumantepe M.,Memorial Atasehir Hospital Istanbul | Tarhan A.,Memorial Atasehir Hospital Istanbul | Yurdakul I.,Memorial Atasehir Hospital Istanbul | Ozler A.,Memorial Atasehir Hospital Istanbul
Photomedicine and Laser Surgery | Year: 2012

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of incompetent perforating veins (IPVs) with 1470 nm laser with 400 μm radial fiber. Background data: EVLA for perforating veins can be performed with insignificant postprocedural morbidity. This allows treatment to be offered to elderly patients with comorbidities that would preclude anesthesia for surgical treatment or subfascial endoscopic perforator surgery (SEPS). Methods: A total of 24 perforating veins in 16 limbs of 13 patients were treated between July 2010 and December 2011 in our clinic. Follow-up duplex scans were performed at 1 week and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the procedure, to determine the treatment outcome. Results: Of the 23 treated IPVs, 20 (86.9%) were occluded on the duplex examination at 12 months. The average energy administrated per perforating vein treated was 174 J (range 105-236 J). Four of five ulcers had healed after 8 weeks in clinical-etiology-anatomy-pathophysiology (CEAP) C6 group. Two patients reported localized paresthesia, which subsided spontaneously, but no deep venous thrombosis or skin burn was observed. All components of the Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS) demonstrated significant improvements at each postprocedural visit (p<0.001 for all), except for pigmentation and compression, which exhibited variation throughout the follow-up period. Conclusions: Especially in the case of liposclerotic or ulcerated skin in the affected region, EVLA of IPVs with 1470 nm diode laser is highly effective and safe, and appears to be feasible. Additionally, repeat treatment can easily be performed should recurrence of IPVs arise. © Copyright 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2012.

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