Rahimpour A.,Membrane Research Group Babol University of Technology |
Jahanshahi M.,Membrane Research Group Babol University of Technology |
Peyravi M.,Membrane Research Group Babol University of Technology |
Khalili S.,Membrane Research Group Babol University of Technology
Polymers for Advanced Technologies | Year: 2012
The aim of this paper is to survey interlaboratory studies of performance data to produce highly permeable thin-film composite (TFC) polyamide nanofiltration (NF) membrane in the form of flat sheet at bench scale. TFC polyamide NF membranes were fabricated via interfacial polymerization of 1,3-phenylenediamine and trimesoyl chloride on porous polyethersulfone (PES) membrane. The NF membranes were characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and cross-flow filtration. The AFM and SEM analyses indicated that a rough and dense film was formed on the PES support membrane. The permeability and NaCl rejection of the NF membrane prepared at the presence of camphor sulfonic acid as pH regulator and triethylamine as accelerator in the aqueous solution were 21lm -2h -1 and 70%, respectively. In order to estimate the repeatability and reproducibility standard deviations, the development of an interlaboratory study was conducted by measurements of permeation flux and salt rejection of the synthesized membranes. Repeatability standard deviation of the permeation flux data for the membrane based on optimum formulation was 1.99, and reproducibility standard deviation was 3.55. Also based on this trend, repeatability standard deviation of the salt rejection data was 1.57, and reproducibility standard deviation was 4.11. The American Society for Testing and Materials standard E691-05 was used for data validation of the repeatability and reproducibility standard deviations and consistency statistics. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.