Membrane Biology And Axonal Repair Laboratory Hospital Nacional Of Paraplejicos Sescam

Peraleda de la Mata, Spain

Membrane Biology And Axonal Repair Laboratory Hospital Nacional Of Paraplejicos Sescam

Peraleda de la Mata, Spain

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PubMed | Membrane Biology And Axonal Repair Laboratory Hospital Nacional Of Paraplejicos Sescam
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of cell science | Year: 2010

Serine phosphorylation of the beta-galactoside-binding protein galectin-3 (Gal-3) impacts nuclear localization but has unknown consequences for extracellular activities. Herein, we reveal that the phosphorylated form of galectin-3 (pGal-3), adsorbed to substratum surfaces or to heparan sulphate proteoglycans, is instrumental in promoting axon branching in cultured hippocampal neurons by local actin destabilization. pGal-3 interacts with neural cell adhesion molecule L1, and enhances L1 association with Thy-1-rich membrane microdomains. Concomitantly, membrane-actin linker proteins ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) are recruited to the same membrane site via interaction with the intracellular domain of L1. We propose that the local regulation of the L1-ERM-actin pathway, at the level of the plasma membrane, underlies pGal-3-induced axon branching, and that galectin phosphorylation in situ could act as a molecular switch for the axon response to Gal-3.

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