Okazaki, Japan
Okazaki, Japan

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Morishima Y.,Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute | Kashiwase K.,Red Cross | Matsuo K.,Kyushu University | Azuma F.,Red Cross | And 16 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2015

We hypothesized that the compatibility of each HLA loci between donor and patient induced divergent transplant-related immunologic responses, which attributed to the individualized manifestation of clinical outcomes. Here, we analyzed 7898 Japanese pairs transplanted with T-cell-replete marrow from an unrelated donor with complete HLA allele typing data. Multivariable competing risk regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the relative risk (RR) of clinical outcomes after transplantation. A significant RR of HLA allele mismatch compared with match was seen with HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DPB1 for grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and HLA-C for chronic GVHD. Of note, only HLA-C and HLA-DPB1 mismatch reduced leukemia relapse, and this graft-versus-leukemia effect of HLA-DPB1 was independent of chronic GVHD. HLA-DRB1 and HLADQB1 double (DRB1-DQB1) mismatch was revealed to be a significant RR for acute GVHD and mortality, whereas single mismatch was not. Thus, the number of HLA-A, -B, -C, -DPB1, and DRB1-DQB1 mismatches showed a clear-cut risk difference for acute GVHD, whereas the number of mismatches for HLA-A, -B, -C, and DRB1-DQB1 showed the same for mortality. In conclusion, we determined the biological response to HLA locus mismatch in transplant-related immunologic events, and provide a rationale for use of a personalized algorithm for unrelated donor selection. © 2015 by The American Society of Hematology.


Nishikawa G.,Aichi Medical University | Ikawa K.,Hiroshima University | Nakamura K.,Aichi Medical University | Yamada Y.,Gifu Social Insurance Hospital | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents | Year: 2013

The aims of this study were to investigate the penetration of meropenem (MER) into human prostate tissue and to assess MER regimens for prostatitis by performing a site-specific pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic evaluation. Patients with prostatic hypertrophy (n = 49) prophylactically received a 0.5-h infusion of MER (250 mg or 500 mg) before transurethral resection of the prostate. MER concentrations in plasma (0.5-5 h) and prostate tissue (0.5-1.5 h) were measured chromatographically. Concentration data were analysed pharmacokinetically with a three-compartment model and were used to estimate the drug exposure time above the minimum inhibitory concentration for bacteria (T > MIC, % of 24 h) in prostate tissue, an indicator for antibacterial effects at the site of action. The prostate tissue/plasma ratio was 16.6% for the maximum drug concentration and 17.7% for the area under the drug concentration-time curve, irrespective of the dose. Against MIC distributions for clinical isolates of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp. and Proteus spp., 500 mg once daily achieved a >90% probability of attaining the bacteriostatic target (20% T > MIC) in prostate tissue, and 500 mg twice daily achieved a >90% probability of attaining the bactericidal target (40% T > MIC) in prostate tissue. However, against the Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates, none of the tested regimens achieved a >90% probability of attaining the bacteriostatic or bactericidal targets. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy.


Kanda Y.,Jichi Medical University | Kanda J.,Jichi Medical University | Atsuta Y.,Nagoya University | Maeda Y.,Okayama University of Science | And 11 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2013

A previous Japanese study revealed that a human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-A or -B allele mismatch was associated with higher overall mortality, whereas an HLA-C or -DRB1 allele mismatch did not affect mortality after serologically matched unrelated bone marrow transplantation (BMT). This study reanalysed 3003 adult patients who underwent unrelated BMT from a serologically HLA-A, -B, or -DR matched unrelated donor between 1993 and 2009 using the latest database, that included 1966 HLA-matched unrelated BMT and 187, 31, 524, and 295 unrelated BMT with a single HLA-A, -B, -C, or -DRB1 allele mismatch, respectively. As opposed to our previous findings, HLA-C and -DRB1 mismatches had a significant negative impact [hazard ratio (HR) 1·35, P<0·001, and HR 1·45, P<0·001] on survival in the period 2000-2009. The negative impact of each single HLA allele mismatch was not significantly different among the HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1 mismatches (P=0·79). An interaction test revealed that the effects of single HLA-C and -DRB1 allele mismatches significantly differed over the two time periods (P=0·032 and P=0·0072, respectively). In conclusion, the impact of a single HLA allele mismatch changed over time. In the recent cohort, the negative impact of HLA-DRB1 and -C mismatches became apparent. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


PubMed | Red Cross, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Saiseikai Maebashi Hospital, Kanagawa Cancer Center and 12 more.
Type: Clinical Trial | Journal: Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2016

Licensing by self MHC class I ligands is required for proper natural killer (NK) cell response. NK cells with inhibitory killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors for nonself MHC exhibit transient alloreactivity after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We analyzed 3866 recipients in the Japan national registry who underwent their first allogeneic HSCT for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) from HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 allele-genomatched unrelated donors. By classifying them into 5 independent groups based on HLA-C group matching and assumed donor NK cell status, we found that for HLA-C-matched HSCT for AML in HLA-C1/C1 recipients, in whom transient alloreactivity against HLA-C2-negative leukemic cells was expected, the relapse rate was significantly lower than it was in HLA-C-matched HSCT for AML in HLA-C1/C2 recipients (hazard ratio [HR], .72; P=.011). This difference was not observed in HLA-C-matched HSCT for ALL. Compared with HLA-C-matched HSCT, significantly higher mortality was observed in HLA-C1/C1 AML patients who received transplants from HLA-C-mismatched HLA-C1/C1 donors (HR, 1.37; P=.001) and in HLA-C1/C1 ALL patients who received transplants from HLA-C2-positive donors (HR, 2.13; P=.005). In conclusion, donor selection based on leukemic subtype and donor HLA-C group matching improves transplantation outcome after HLA-C-mismatched HSCT.


PubMed | Red Cross, National Cancer Center Hospital, Osaka City University, Keio University and 9 more.
Type: | Journal: Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2016

Trisomy 8 (+8) is 1 of the most common cytogenetic abnormalities in adult patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). However, the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in adult patients with MDS harboring +8 remains unclear. To evaluate the outcome and prognostic factors in patients with MDS harboring +8 as the sole cytogenetic abnormality or in association with other abnormalities, we retrospectively analyzed the Japanese registration data of 381 adult patients with MDS harboring +8 treated with allogeneic HSCT between 1990 and 2013. With a median follow-up period of 53 months, the probability of overall survival and cumulative incidence of relapse at 4 years were 51% and 22%, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, age > 50 years, 2 or more additional cytogenetic abnormalities, and a high risk at the time of HSCT according to the FAB/WHO classification were significantly associated with a higher overall mortality. Nevertheless, no significant impact of the outcome was observed in patients with 1 cytogenetic abnormality in addition to +8. Although 221 patients (58%) had advanced MDS at the time of HSCT, allogeneic HSCT offered a curative option for adult patients with MDS harboring +8.


PubMed | Red Cross, Chiba University, Kanagawa Cancer Center, Japanese Data Center for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation and 13 more.
Type: | Journal: Annals of hematology | Year: 2017

Trisomy 8 (+8) is one of the most common cytogenetic abnormalities in adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in adult patients with AML harboring +8 remains unclear. To evaluate, the outcome and prognostic factors in patients with AML harboring +8 as the only chromosomal abnormality or in association with other abnormalities, we retrospectively analyzed the Japanese registration data of 631 adult patients with AML harboring +8 treated with allogeneic HSCT between 1990 and 2013. In total, 388 (61%) patients were not in remission at the time of HSCT. With a median follow-up of 38.5months, the probability of overall survival and the cumulative incidence of relapse at 3years were 40 and 34%, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, two or more additional cytogenetic abnormalities and not being in remission at the time of HSCT were significantly associated with a higher overall mortality and relapse. Nevertheless, no significant impact on the outcome was observed in cases with one cytogenetic abnormality in addition to +8. Although more than 60% of the patients received HSCT when not in remission, allogeneic HSCT offered a curative option for adult patients with AML harboring +8.


Iwase H.,Nagoya Medical Center | Shimada M.,Nagoya Medical Center | Tsuzuki T.,Nagoya Medical Center | Ina K.,Nagoya Memorial Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Oncology | Year: 2011

Objectives: To carry out a phase II multi-center study on the efficacy and safety of triple combination therapy with paclitaxel, S-1, and cisplatin in patients with unresectable/metastatic gastric cancer. Methods: A total of 63 patients from 8 institutions were included in this study. Paclitaxel (160 mg/m2) was administered by infusion for 3 h on the first day. S-1 (70 mg/m2/day) was administered orally for 14 consecutive days from the first day. Cisplatin (60 mg/m2) was administered intravenously over 24 h on day 14 of every 28-day cycle. Results: All 63 patients were assessed for clinical efficacy and safety. A total of 259 cycles of treatment were administered (median 4, range 1-10). Grade 3-4 toxicities included neutropenia in 30.2%, thrombocytopenia in 12.7%, and anemia in 11.1%. There was no grade 3-4 non-hematological toxicity or treatment-related death. Complete response was observed in 6 patients and partial response in 34 patients. The overall response rate was 63.5%. The median progression-free survival and response duration were 8.0 and 8.8 months, respectively, and median survival time was 15 months. Conclusions: Triple combination therapy with paclitaxel, S-1, and cisplatin showed promising safety and efficacy profiles with the potential to become a standard regimen for unresectable/metastatic gastric cancer. © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.


PubMed | Red Cross, National Hospital Organization D, Kanagawa Cancer Center, Tohoku University and 9 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of hematology | Year: 2016

The standard conditioning regimen in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for aplastic anemia from a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling has been high-dose cyclophosphamide (CY 200 mg/kg). In the present study, results for 203 patients with aplastic anemia aged 16 years or older who underwent allogeneic HSCT from HLA-identical siblings were retrospectively analyzed using the registry database of Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. Conditioning regimens were defined as a (1) high-dose CY (200 mg/kg or greater)-based (n = 117); (2) reduced-dose CY (100 mg/kg or greater, but less than 200 mg/kg)-based (n = 38); and (3) low-dose CY (less than 100 mg/kg)-based (n = 48) regimen. Patient age and the proportion of patients receiving fludarabine were significantly higher in the reduced- and low-dose CY groups than the high-dose CY group. Engraftment was comparable among the groups. Five-year overall survival (OS) tended to be higher in the low-dose CY group [93.0 % (95 % CI 85.1-100.0 %)] than the high-dose CY [84.2 % (95 % CI 77.1-91.3 %)] or reduced-dose CY groups [83.8 % (95 % CI 71.8-95.8 %); P = 0.214]. Age-adjusted OS was higher in the low-dose CY group than the high- and reduced-dose CY groups with borderline significance (P = 0.067). These results suggest that CY dose can safely be reduced without increasing graft rejection by adding fludarabine in allogeneic HSCT for aplastic anemia from an HLA-identical sibling.


PubMed | Red Cross, The Mutual, National Defense Medical College, Hokkaido University and 9 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2016

Earlier reports suggested that umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) for aplastic anemia (AA) was feasible in alternative transplantation. To identify differences in outcomes of UCBT and HLA-matched or mismatched unrelated bone marrow transplantation (UBMT) in adults with AA, we analyzed registry data of the Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation and compared results of UCBT (n=69) to 8/8-matched (n=101), 7/8-matched (n=65), or 6/8-matched (n=37) UBMT. The transplantation period was from 2002 to 2012, and patients 16 years or older with AA were eligible. Median ages were 49, 35, 28, and 30 years for UCBT, 8/8-matched, 7/8-matched, and 6/8-matched UBMT, respectively. In multivariate analysis, risk of mortality was lower for 8/8-matched UBMT compared with that of UCBT (hazard ratio [HR], .55; 95% confidence interval [CI], .32 to .94; P=.029), adjusted for age and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis, which were other associated factors. Mortality risks of 7/8-matched UBMT (HR, .55; 95% CI, .29 to 1.02) or 6/8-matched UBMT (HR, .67; 95% CI, .32 to 1.39) were not significantly different from those of UCBT. Risks of grade 3 or 4 acute and chronic GVHD were not different among the 4 groups. The most prevalent cause of death was graft failure in UCBT and 6/8-matched UBMT and infection in 8/8-matched and 7/8-matched UBMT. Under 40 years old,survival of UCBT was similar to that of UBMT (76%, 79%, 83%, and 83% for UCBT and 8/8-matched, 7/8-matched, and 6/8-matched UBMT, respectively, at 3 years), adjusted for transplantation period, which was another associated factor; however, for ages over 40 years, that of UCBT tended to be lower (47%, 64%, 64%, and 75% for UCBT, 8/8-matched, 7/8-matched, and 6/8-matched UBMT, respectively, at 3 years). To conclude, these data suggest that UCBT could be an alternative treatment option for younger adults when matched sibling or adequate UBMT donors are not available.

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