Urayasu, Japan
Urayasu, Japan

Meikai University is a private university in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan. It was founded in 1970, and obtained its present name in 1988.The university's School of Dentistry is located in Sakado, Saitama. Wikipedia.

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Tugrak M.,Atatürk University | Yamali C.,Atatürk University | Sakagami H.,Meikai University | Gul H.I.,Atatürk University
Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2016

Chalcones and Mannich bases are a group of compounds known for their cytotoxicities. In this study restricted chalcone analogue, compound 2-(4-hydroxybenzylidene)-2,3-dihydroinden-1-one MT1, was used as a starting compound to synthesize new mono Mannich bases since Mannich bases may induce more cytotoxicity than chalcone analogue that they are derived from by producing additional alkylating center for cellular thiols. In this study, cyclic and acyclic amines were used to synthesize Mannich bases. All compounds were tested against Ca9–22 (gingival carcinoma), HSC-2, HSC-3 and HSC-4 (oral squamous cell carcinoma) as tumour cell lines and HGF (gingival fibroblasts), HPC (pulp cells) and HPLF (periodontal ligament fibroblasts) human normal oral cells as non tumour cell lines. Cytotoxicity, selectivity index (SI) values and potency selectivity expression (PSE) values expressed as a percentage were determined for the compounds. According to data obtained, the compound MT8 with the highest PSE value bearing N-methylpiperazine moiety seems to be a good candidate to develop new cytotoxic compounds and is suited for further investigation. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Fujisawa S.,Meikai University | Kadoma Y.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University
Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2012

We synthesized various dimer forms of 2-methoxyphenols and 2-tert-butylphenols, as dimers such as curcumin exhibit potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. We investigated the QSARs between the cytotoxicity and independent variables; kinetic parameters (inhibition rate constant (kinh/kp), stoichiometric factor (n)) or DFT-based theoretical parameters (i.e. phenolic O-H bond dissociation enthalpy (BDE), ionization potential according to Koopman's theorem (IP), LUMO, absolute hardness (η), electronegativity (χ) and electrophilicity (ω)) for 2-methoxyphenols and 2-tert- or 2,6-di-tert-butylphenols. The cytotoxicity of these phenols against human tumor cells (HSG, HL60) and/or human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) showed a marked negative linear relationship to kinh/kp, suggesting that the cytotoxicity of phenols may be related to radical reactions. By contrast, a linear relationship between the cytotoxicity and η-term was demonstrated; 2-methoxyphenols showed a negative slope, whereas 2-tert- or 2,6-di-tert-butylphenols showed a positive slope. Also, the cytotoxicity of tert-butylphenols was linearly dependent on the LUMO-term, showing a positive slope. The cytotoxicity of methoxy-substituted monophenols toward both HSG and HGF cells was related to both log P and η-terms. Also, that of X-phenols toward murine L-1210 cells was related to both log P and η or IP-terms, determined from a dataset reported by Zhang et al., 1998. It was concluded that the phenol-induced cytotoxicity was attributable to radical reactions resulting from the terms (kinh/kp, IP, η, and LUMO) in QSAR. The LUMO-dependent cytotoxicity of 2-tert- or 2,6-di-tert-butylphenols may be related to their quinone oxidation products. Experimental and theoretical parameters provide a useful approach for analysis of the cytotoxicity for phenolic compounds. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.

Fujita S.,Nihon University | Mizoguchi N.,Nihon University | Aoki R.,Nihon University | Aoki R.,Meikai University | And 4 more authors.
Cerebral Cortex | Year: 2016

Cortical spreading depression (SD) is a self-propagating wave of depolarization accompanied by a substantial disturbance of the ionic distribution between the intra- and extracellular compartments. Glial cells, including astrocytes, play critical roles in maintenance of the extracellular environment, including ionic distribution. Therefore, SD propagation in the cerebral cortex may depend on the density of astrocytes. The present study aimed to examine the profile of SD propagation in the insular cortex (IC), which is located between the neocortex and paleocortex and is where the density of astrocytes gradually changes. The velocity of SD propagation in the neocortex, including the somatosensory, motor, and granular insular cortices (5.7 mm/min), was higher than that (2.8 mm/min) in the paleocortex (agranular insular and piriform cortices). Around thick vessels, including the middle cerebral artery, SD propagation was frequently delayed and sometimes disappeared. Immunohistological analysis of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) demonstrated the sparse distribution of astrocytes in the somatosensory cortex and the IC dorsal to the rhinal fissure, whereas the ventral IC showed a higher density of astrocytes. These results suggest that cortical cytoarchitectonic features, which possibly involve the distribution of astrocytes, are crucial for regulating the velocity of SD propagation in the cerebral cortex. © 2015 The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

Inoue H.,Meikai University
Journal of oral science | Year: 2011

To examine the pathogenesis of intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH), a relatively uncommon benign, non-neoplastic vascular lesion, clinicopathological and immunohistochemical studies were performed. Paraffin-embedded tissue specimens of 78 vascular lesions were examined histologically, and 9 cases of IPEH were investigated immunohistochemically using antibodies against CD34, vimentin, factor VIII antigen, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), podoplanin, CD105, and ki-67 antigen. A thrombus or ulcer was found near the sites of all IPEH specimens. Histologic examination revealed papillary proliferated endothelial cells located toward the lumen of enlarged blood vessels. Immunohistochemistry showed that CD34, α-SMA, and factor VIII antigen were positive in lining endothelial cells. Vimentin was positive in the mesenchymal components. Immunohistochemical staining for podoplanin and CD105 was partially positive. Labeling index was 4.7 to 9.2 in ki-67-positive cases. IPEH is believed to result from reactive proliferation of blood endothelial cells that is caused by an abnormal process of organization in thrombosed blood vessels. The pathogenesis of IPEH might be related to inflammation or mechanical stimulus such as irritation.

Despite the rapid development of nanotechnology, the biological significance of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs), possibly released from dental materials, is not well-understood. We investigated the effect of TiO2 NPs on the sensitivity of human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell line (HSC-2) to five popular chemotherapeutic agents. Viable cell number was determined by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) method. The aggregation and cellular uptake of TiO2 NPs were assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), respectively. Adsorption of TiO2 NPs to anticancer drugs was assessed by the antitumor activity recovered from the TiO2 NP-free supernatant. When mixed with culture medium, TiO2 NPs instantly aggregated, and some particles were incorporated into the cells, exclusively in the vacuoles. TiO2 NPs showed no cytotoxicity nor hormetic growth stimulation at lower concentrations. Doxorubicin, melphalan, 5-fluorouracil and gefitinib were cytotoxic, whereas docetaxel was cytostatic with or without TiO2 NPs. TiO2 NPs, at wide concentration ranges (0.2-3.2 mM), did not significantly affect the adsorption of NPs to any of these anticancer drugs, nor affected their cytotoxic or cytostatic activity. This experimental study demonstrated for the first time that TiO2 NP do not affect the antitumor potential of chemotherapeutic agents against the HSC-2 OSCC cell line.

Human podoplanin is a type-1 transmembrane sialomucin-like glycoprotein that is involved in cell migration, tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Our recent study of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) demonstrated that the degree of immunohistochemical expression of podoplanin was correlated with the severity of epithelial dysplasia and significantly associated with a poor pathologic grade of differentiation. Furthermore, it has been reported that Src directly associates with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in OSCC cells upon stimulation with EGF and phosphorylates Crk-associated substrate (Cas), podoplanin acting downstream of Src and Cas to promote cell migration. However, the molecular function of podoplanin remains unclear. In this study we performed real-time RT-PCR, Western blotting and scratch assay using OSCC cell lines in order to clarify the molecular biological function of podoplanin expression associated with various growth factors including EGF and with the Src-Cas signaling pathway. Podoplanin was found to have a marked influence on cancer cell migration and the expression of matrix metalloprotease-9 (MMP-9) in the oral cavity upon stimulation with EGF. Podoplanin promotes oral cancer cell migration, and the EGF-Src-Cas pathway is one of the possible mechanisms responsible for progression of cancer in the oral cavity.

Gonzalez-Alva P.,Meikai University
Journal of oral science | Year: 2011

Podoplanin, a sialomucin-like transmembrane glycoprotein, is currently used as a specific marker for lymphatic vessels. However, podoplanin expression has also been linked to tooth development. To investigate the expression of podoplanin in odontomas, 86 tissue samples were classified and then analyzed using immunohistochemical methods. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens were collected and classified, followed by immunohistochemical examination. The majority of the odontomas (66.3%) were the compound type, and the remainder (33.7%) were the complex type. The patients ranged in age from 2 to 89 years (mean, 23.9 years), and 45 (52.3%) of them were male and 41 (47.7%) were female. The most common location for complex odontomas was the molar region of the mandibular bone, and that for compound odontomas was the maxillary incisor region. Immunohistochemistry revealed that developing and mature odontoblasts, Tomes' fibers, and pulp cells near podoplanin-positive odontoblasts were positive for podoplanin. In addition, podoplanin positivity was evident in secretory ameloblasts, but not in mature ameloblasts. The pattern of podoplanin expression in odontomas corresponds to development of the tooth germ, and appears to be influenced by the stage of differentiation of the lesion, suggesting that the protein may participate in the process of differentiation.

Podoplanin, a transmembrane sialomucin-like glycoprotein, is a specific marker of lymphatic vessels, and its expression is also considered to be associated with tumor invasion and tooth development. In this study, we examined the expression of podoplanin in calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT) in comparison with that in other so-called hard α-keratin-expressing tumors such as craniopharyngioma (CP) and pilomatrixoma (PM). Immunohistochemical staining for podoplanin was carried out using surgical specimens of 15 CCOTs of the jaw, 19 CPs of the pituitary gland, and 15 PMs of the skin. Positivity for hard α-keratin was evident in ghost, shadow and transitional cells in all of these tumors (100%). The podoplanin expression in CCOTs was evident in the periphery of ameloblastoma-like epithelium (86.6%) and the epithelial cells adjacent to ghost cells (60%). On the other hand, in adamantinomatous-type CPs, podoplanin expression was observed in epithelial components corresponding to the stratum intermedium (100%), but not in the periphery of ameloblastoma-like epithelium (0%). In squamous-type CPs podoplanin was expressed in basal cells (100%), but all of the PMs were podoplanin-negative (0%). In the periphery of the ameloblastoma-like epithelium or basophilic cell layer, podoplanin was expressed more strongly in CCOTs than in CPs or PMs. These findings suggest that the expression of podoplanin in CCOTs may reflect rapid turnover of cytoskeletal filaments and local invasiveness.

Suda N.,Meikai University | Moriyama K.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University | Ganburgedc G.,Ulaanbaatar University
Infection and Immunity | Year: 2013

Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by aneurysm and dilatation of the aortic root, tall stature, and ectopia lentis. These manifestations reflect excessive signaling of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-Β). Moreover, cases are frequently associated with severe periodontitis, which is a chronic inflammation of the gingiva, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. Recently, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) were discovered to be an effective drug class that can prevent aortic aneurysm and dilation in Marfan syndrome by inhibiting TGF-Β signaling. To investigate the effect of ARB on the progression of periodontitis, the application of a potent ARB, telmisartan, was examined in a mouse model of Marfan syndrome (Mgδ). Six-week-old male heterozygous Mgδ and wild-type mice were challenged with Porphyromonas gingivalis, which causes chronic periodontitis, with and without telmisartan application. After infection, alveolar bone resorption was measured by micro-computed tomography (μCT), and inflammatory cytokine levels were examined. Infection of Porphyromonas gingivalis induced alveolar bone resorption in both Mgδ and wild-type mice. The amount of resorption was significantly larger in the former than the latter. Immunoarray and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analyses demonstrated that interleukin-17 (IL-17) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) levels were significantly higher in infected Mgδ mice than infected wild-type mice. Telmisartan treatment significantly suppressed the alveolar bone resorption of infected Mgδ mice. Telmisartan also significantly decreased levels of TGF-Β, IL-17, and TNF-α in infected Mgδ mice to levels seen in infected wild-type mice. This study suggests that ARB can prevent the severe periodontitis frequently seen in Marfan syndrome. © 2013, American Society for Microbiology.

Garcia-Contreras R.,Meikai University
In vivo (Athens, Greece) | Year: 2014

Despite recent progress in the research of nanoparticles (NPs) spanning in many scientific fields, study of NPs in dentistry is limited. This triggered us to investigate the effect of TiO2 NPs on the drug-sensitivity of oral squamous cell carcinoma and inflammation of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). The number of viable HGF cells was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide method. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Contamination with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was assayed by the endotoxin assay kit. Intracellular uptake and distribution of TiO2 NPs were assessed by transmission electron microscopy. TiO2 NPs (0.05-3.2 mM) did not affect HGF cell viability, although TiO2 NPs clusters were dose-dependently incorporated into the vacuoles of cells. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) (3 ng/ml) stimulated the secretion of PGE2 into the culture medium by HGF cells. TiO2 NPs also induced PGE2 production, in synergy with IL-1β. Since only a minor amount of LPS was detected in TiO2 NPs, the enhanced production of PGE2 was not simply due to LPS contamination. The present study demonstrates, for the first time to our knowledge, that TiO2 NPs at concentrations higher than 0.2 mM exert an pro-inflammatory action against HGF cells, regardless of the presence or absence of IL-1β.

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