Nishi-Tokyo-shi, Japan

Meiji Gakuin University
Nishi-Tokyo-shi, Japan

Meiji Gakuin University is a Christian university in Tokyo and Yokohama that was established in 1863. The Reverend Dr. James Curtis Hepburn was one of its founders and served as the first president. The novelist and poet Shimazaki Toson graduated from this college and wrote the lyrics of its college song. Wikipedia.

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Hakoyama F.,Meiji Gakuin University
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science | Year: 2017

Micro-credit schemes are expanding very rapidly worldwide in ecological activities. Providing gas-cooking equipments in Burkina Faso is a successful example in which the micro-credit system contributes to improve not only poor women's life but also ecological environment. In Bangladesh, a solar PV system program through micro-credit has been implemented widely and successfully: big NGOs act as equipment dealers and provide micro-credit loans to individual poor households. In contrast, there are very few cases which showed positive results in sanitation projects. Micro-credit schemes are, in principle, based on the income generated through the fund. But in usual cases, sanitation activities do not yield any income. High cost of latrine construction is another barrier. In this paper, we reviewed why we could not apply a micro-credit scheme to our "Améli-eaur project" in Burkina Faso. Common features for the success in ecological activities are 1) enough income yielded from the activity itself, 2) the strong needs from population side, and 3) established system support, both technically and administratively. If we find a way to fulfill these elements in a sanitation project, it can be a long, sustainable project. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.

Kim H.R.S.,University of California at Los Angeles | Kuroshima S.,Meiji Gakuin University
Journal of Pragmatics | Year: 2013

This special issue collects four articles on turn-initial elements found in three different languages, English, Estonian, and Korean, followed by a response from John Heritage. The goal of the issue is to contribute to an on-going discussion on turn beginnings as a significant locus for interactional work, by looking at their use across typologically different languages and examining how different languages provide their speakers with similar and/or dissimilar resources for designing turn beginnings. We begin this introduction by reiterating the importance that turn-beginning plays in constructing turns and describing the various types of turn-beginning elements examined as well as their positioning in sequences of talk. We also turn to previous literature on turn beginnings and critically examine the directions that such research has taken as well as the contribution this issue hopes to make to any future direction. In summarizing what we currently understand about turn-initial elements, from both previous research as well as the four articles collected for this issue, we conclude the introduction by reemphasizing the importance that turn beginnings play as a locus for establishing and building projection and directionality in talk-in-interaction. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Mizokawa A.,Meiji Gakuin University | Koyasu M.,Kyoto University
British Journal of Developmental Psychology | Year: 2015

In this commentary on 'Friendlessness and theory of mind: A prospective longitudinal study' by Fink, Begeer, Peterson, Slaughter, and de Rosnay (Brit. J. Dev. Psychol, 2015; 33, 1-17) we reconsider the link between early mastery of theory of mind (ToM) and social relationships by focusing on connections with other related areas of socio-cognitive ability such as emotional competence, ToM development across age, and the effect of interventions. © 2014 The British Psychological Society.

Ohta K.,Meiji Gakuin University | Yoshida Y.,High Energy Accelerator Research Organization
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2012

We derive non-Abelian localization formulas for supersymmetric Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory with matters on a Seifert manifold M, which is the three-dimensional space of a circle bundle over a two-dimensional Riemann surface Σ, by using the cohomological approach introduced by Källén. We find that the partition function and the vacuum expectation value of the supersymmetric Wilson loop reduces to a finite dimensional integral and summation over classical flux configurations labeled by discrete integers. We also find that the partition function reduces further to just a discrete sum over integers in some cases, and evaluate the supersymmetric index (Witten index) exactly on S1×Σ. The index completely agrees with the previous prediction from field theory and branes. We discuss a vacuum structure of the Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena theory deduced from the localization. © 2012 American Physical Society.

Sakai K.,Meiji Gakuin University
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2016

We study the BPS index for the four-dimensional rank-one N = 2 superconformal field theories H0, H1, H2, E6, E7, E8. We consider compactifications of the E-string theory on T2 in which these theories arise as low energy limits. Using this realization we clarify the general structure of the BPS index. The index is characterized by two exponents and a sequence of invariants. We determine the exponents and the first few invariants. © 2016, The Author(s).

Ohta K.,Meiji Gakuin University | Sasai Y.,Meiji Gakuin University
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2014

Abstract: We exactly evaluate the partition function (index) of N = 4 supersymmetric quiver quantum mechanics in the Higgs phase by using the localization techniques. We show that the path integral is localized at the fixed points, which are obtained by solving the BRST equations, and D-term and F-term conditions. We turn on background gauge fields of R-symmetries for the chiral multiplets corresponding to the arrows between quiver nodes, but the partition function does not depend on these R-charges. We give explicit examples of the quiver theory including a non-coprime dimension vector. The partition functions completely agree with the mathematical formulæ of the Poincaré polynomials (χy-genus) and the wall crossing for the quiver moduli spaces. We also discuss exact computation of the expectation values of supersymmetric (Q-closed) Wilson loops in the quiver theory. © 2014, The Author(s).

Nishizaka A.,Meiji Gakuin University
Communication and Medicine | Year: 2011

The present study addresses the issue of how pregnant women raise possible concerns in regular prenatal checkups. Within this context, the reason for the visit is not a particular problem which a pregnant woman has and would be supposed to reveal during the visit. Rather, the reason for the visit is transparent from the outset, that is, to have a prenatal checkup. However, pregnant women may have various problems that they wish to discuss with the healthcare provider. Indeed, there are various practices which pregnant women can employ to present their possible problems. In this study, I focus on a set of such practices: pregnant women expanding their responses to healthcare providers' routine questions to take initiative in presenting problems. Drawing on a corpus of 42 video-recorded regular prenatal checkups in Japan, I will elucidate structural features of the practices and their consequences. Copyright © Equinox Publishing Ltd.

Yoshino H.,Meiji Gakuin University
Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law | Year: 2011

In legal praxis, it is important to decide what legal relations exist in a legal problem-event on the one hand and to decide what legal rules are applicable to decide it in terms of the validation by contract through constitution or convention on the other hand. These dimensions are strongly related with each other. This paper clarifies the logical structure of a legal system to decide the above two dimension in unified reasoning in terms of the validity of legal sentences. It provides a logical model of reasoning the validity of legal sentences for a unified legal reasoning system, in which legal relations according to the time progress of legal problem-events are decided and at the same time the applicability of relevant legal rules to decide them is decided. We demonstrate the legitimacy and efficiency of this model by applying it to concrete examples and showing how legal meta-sentences and legal meta-inference work in this model. © 2011 Author.

Nishizaka A.,Meiji Gakuin University
Journal of Pragmatics | Year: 2011

In the tradition of interaction studies, the organization of vision has been well investigated since video became available for the detailed analysis of the directions in which participants in interaction look. The focus of this article is rather on the organization of touch, and, in particular, on ways in which reference to a body part is accomplished when the body part is only tactilely accessible to participants. Through the detailed analysis of segments from vaginal palpation (or "pelvic examination") performed by a Japanese independent midwife, I elucidate practices that these participants employ to deal with the limitation on the accessibility of what they refer to in their interaction. The practices to be elucidated include current position marking, spatial-pattern evoking, and being explicitly responsive. The elucidation reveals that reference is interactionally accomplished through deployment of more or less generic practices in ways sensitive to situational particularities. In conclusion, I discuss a possible consequence of the analysis to the conceptualization of human interaction in technological society. © 2009 Elsevier B.V.

The aim of this study is to explore an aspect of the organization of participation, that is, the organization of the appropriate distribution of participants' orientations, through the analysis of 32 video-recordings of prenatal ultrasound examinations. Ultrasound examinations are distinctive in that the major fields that the participants need to visually orient to, that is, the monitor screen and the pregnant woman's abdomen, are located distally from each other, and from the faces of the participants. In this environment, it is very infrequent for the healthcare provider to look at the face of the pregnant woman during the ultrasound demonstration. I elucidate a procedural ground for the production of this conduct by healthcare providers, and argue that healthcare providers' gazes to pregnant women's faces instantiate a practice oriented specifically to displaying that their (the healthcare providers') occasioned actions in progress be received as such. This practice can also be employed to mark the occasioned-by nature of the utterances in progress. Ultrasound examinations are a 'perspicuous site' for the investigation of the organization of participation. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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