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Nishi-Tokyo-shi, Japan

Meiji Gakuin University is a Christian university in Tokyo and Yokohama that was established in 1863. The Reverend Dr. James Curtis Hepburn was one of its founders and served as the first president. The novelist and poet Shimazaki Toson graduated from this college and wrote the lyrics of its college song. Wikipedia.

Yoshino H.,Meiji Gakuin University
Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law | Year: 2011

In legal praxis, it is important to decide what legal relations exist in a legal problem-event on the one hand and to decide what legal rules are applicable to decide it in terms of the validation by contract through constitution or convention on the other hand. These dimensions are strongly related with each other. This paper clarifies the logical structure of a legal system to decide the above two dimension in unified reasoning in terms of the validity of legal sentences. It provides a logical model of reasoning the validity of legal sentences for a unified legal reasoning system, in which legal relations according to the time progress of legal problem-events are decided and at the same time the applicability of relevant legal rules to decide them is decided. We demonstrate the legitimacy and efficiency of this model by applying it to concrete examples and showing how legal meta-sentences and legal meta-inference work in this model. © 2011 Author. Source

Nishizaka A.,Meiji Gakuin University
Communication and Medicine | Year: 2011

The present study addresses the issue of how pregnant women raise possible concerns in regular prenatal checkups. Within this context, the reason for the visit is not a particular problem which a pregnant woman has and would be supposed to reveal during the visit. Rather, the reason for the visit is transparent from the outset, that is, to have a prenatal checkup. However, pregnant women may have various problems that they wish to discuss with the healthcare provider. Indeed, there are various practices which pregnant women can employ to present their possible problems. In this study, I focus on a set of such practices: pregnant women expanding their responses to healthcare providers' routine questions to take initiative in presenting problems. Drawing on a corpus of 42 video-recorded regular prenatal checkups in Japan, I will elucidate structural features of the practices and their consequences. Copyright © Equinox Publishing Ltd. Source

Ohta K.,Meiji Gakuin University | Yoshida Y.,High Energy Accelerator Research Organization
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2012

We derive non-Abelian localization formulas for supersymmetric Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory with matters on a Seifert manifold M, which is the three-dimensional space of a circle bundle over a two-dimensional Riemann surface Σ, by using the cohomological approach introduced by Källén. We find that the partition function and the vacuum expectation value of the supersymmetric Wilson loop reduces to a finite dimensional integral and summation over classical flux configurations labeled by discrete integers. We also find that the partition function reduces further to just a discrete sum over integers in some cases, and evaluate the supersymmetric index (Witten index) exactly on S1×Σ. The index completely agrees with the previous prediction from field theory and branes. We discuss a vacuum structure of the Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena theory deduced from the localization. © 2012 American Physical Society. Source

Mizokawa A.,Meiji Gakuin University | Koyasu M.,Kyoto University
British Journal of Developmental Psychology | Year: 2015

In this commentary on 'Friendlessness and theory of mind: A prospective longitudinal study' by Fink, Begeer, Peterson, Slaughter, and de Rosnay (Brit. J. Dev. Psychol, 2015; 33, 1-17) we reconsider the link between early mastery of theory of mind (ToM) and social relationships by focusing on connections with other related areas of socio-cognitive ability such as emotional competence, ToM development across age, and the effect of interventions. © 2014 The British Psychological Society. Source

Nishizaka A.,Meiji Gakuin University
Journal of Pragmatics | Year: 2011

In the tradition of interaction studies, the organization of vision has been well investigated since video became available for the detailed analysis of the directions in which participants in interaction look. The focus of this article is rather on the organization of touch, and, in particular, on ways in which reference to a body part is accomplished when the body part is only tactilely accessible to participants. Through the detailed analysis of segments from vaginal palpation (or "pelvic examination") performed by a Japanese independent midwife, I elucidate practices that these participants employ to deal with the limitation on the accessibility of what they refer to in their interaction. The practices to be elucidated include current position marking, spatial-pattern evoking, and being explicitly responsive. The elucidation reveals that reference is interactionally accomplished through deployment of more or less generic practices in ways sensitive to situational particularities. In conclusion, I discuss a possible consequence of the analysis to the conceptualization of human interaction in technological society. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. Source

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