Meiji Feed Co.

Ibaraki, Japan

Meiji Feed Co.

Ibaraki, Japan
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Patent
Meiji Feed Co. and Meiji Dairies Corporation | Date: 2011-06-08

[Objects] An object of the present invention is to provide an orally administrable agent for medical use for animals for preventing or treating coccidiosis which is highly safe with no side effects, an agent for a food or a drink for use in the preservation of health, a feed additive, and a feed comprising the same. Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for rearing animals (particularly, livestock and poultry) using the same and a method for controlling coccidiosis using the same. [Means for Resolution] By using a fermentation product of a lactic acid bacterium and/or a whey fermentation product of a propionic acid bacterium as an active ingredient, an agent for preventing or treating coccidiosis, an agent for use in the preservation of health, and a feed additive can be provided.


Ohtani Y.,Tohoku University | Takahashi T.,Tohoku University | Sato K.,Tohoku University | Ardiyanti A.,Tohoku University | And 9 more authors.
Animal Science Journal | Year: 2012

Although our previous report demonstrated that adiponectin and AdipoR1 gene expressions changed among different lactation stages in the bovine mammary gland, its in vivo kinetics remain unclear in ruminant animals. In this study, we investigated the changes in circulating concentrations of adiponectin, as well as other metabolic hormones and metabolites, (i) during the periparturient period and (ii) among different lactation stages, in Holstein dairy cows. In experiment 1, serum adiponectin concentrations increased after parturition. Serum insulin concentrations were lower in the postpartum than prepartum period, whereas serum growth hormone (GH) concentrations increased in the postpartum period. Serum nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) levels were increased during the postpartum period and were dependent on the parity. In experiment 2, there was no significant difference in plasma adiponectin concentrations among lactational stages. Plasma insulin concentrations tended to be lower in early lactation while plasma GH levels tended to be higher. Plasma NEFA concentrations were significantly lower in mid- and late-lactation stages than non-lactation stages. These findings indicate that elevation of serum adiponectin might be involved in energy metabolism just around parturition, and might exert its action through regulation of receptor expression levels in target tissues in each lactational stage in Holstein dairy cows. © 2012 The Authors. Animal Science Journal © 2012 Japanese Society of Animal Science.


Bai H.,University of Tokyo | Bai H.,Meiji feed Co. | Sakurai T.,University of Tokyo | Sakurai T.,Yokohama College of Pharmacy | And 2 more authors.
Animal Science Journal | Year: 2014

In vertebrates, six GATA transcription factors, GATA1 through GATA6, have been identified and GATA1-3 is known to be involved in hematopoietic developments, while GATA4-6 play roles in cardiac and endoderm developments. Recently, we and others have found that GATA2 and GATA3 found in the trophectoderm plays a role in gene expression specific to this cell type, but GATA4-6 have not been well characterized in early embryonic developments. Using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and in situ hybridization, we examined the expression of GATA4, 5 and 6 messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in ovine conceptuses and uteri during the peri-implantation period. In ovine conceptuses, GATA4, 5 and 6 transcripts were present on days 15, 17 and 21 (day 0=day of mating), and high GATA5 and 6mRNAs were found on day 21, most of which were localized in the trophectoderm and endoderm. Moreover, minute and substantial GATA4 and 5mRNAs were found in days 15 and 21 uterine endometria, respectively. Increase in GATA4-6 transcripts in day 21 uteri indicates that in addition to GATA1-3, GATA4-6 may also play a potentially novel role in the development of ovine trophectoderm, endoderm and/or uterine endometria following conceptus attachment to the uterine epithelium. © 2013 Japanese Society of Animal Science.


Orihashi T.,Meiji Feed Co. | Mashiko T.,Meiji Feed Co. | Sera K.,Meiji Feed Co. | Roh S.-G.,Tohoku University | And 2 more authors.
Animal Science Journal | Year: 2012

In order to evaluate the effects of an elevated amount of modified milk replacer on body weight, daily gain, starter intake, plasma endocrine parameters and expression of nutrient transporters in small intestinal epithelia, Holstein bull calves (n=24) were fed for 60days either with the usual amount of 24% crude protein (CP) and 20% fat milk (CF) replacer (C group), or with a double amount of a modified milk replacer of 28% CP and 16% CF (E group). Body weight from D20 to D60 and daily gain before D40 was greater or tended to be greater for the E group than the C group. Plasma concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I) and insulin were greater for the E group than the C group on D28 but not on D56, without changing plasma growth hormone levels. Gene expression for sodium-dependent glucose transporter 1 and fatty acid translocase (CD36) was altered in day- and intestine-dependent manners. From these findings, we conclude that an elevated intake of milk replacer given up to 40days old is sufficient to enhance body weight, which may be associated with increased plasma IGF-I concentrations, in Holstein bulls. © 2011 The Authors. Animal Science Journal © 2011 Japanese Society of Animal Science.


The invention provides a composition that enhances the proliferation activity of propionic acid bacteria in the rumen of ruminants to allow the propionic acid bacteria to sufficiently exhibit their metabolic function in the rumen for the prevention and treatment of rumen acidosis in ruminants. The invention also provides use of the composition. Viable propionic acid bacteria and a lactic acid bacteria culture are orally administered to a ruminant to dramatically (rapidly) promote the proliferation of the propionic acid bacteria in the ruminant rumen, and to thereby increase the volatile fatty acid concentration in the rumen for the prevention and/or treatment of rumen acidosis in the ruminant.


Patent
Meiji Co. and Meiji Feed Co. | Date: 2013-10-10

[Objects] An object of the present invention is to provide an orally administrable agent for medical use for animals for preventing or treating coccidiosis which is highly safe with no side effects, an agent for a food or a drink for use in the preservation of health, a feed additive, and a feed comprising the same. Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for rearing animals (particularly, livestock and poultry) using the same and a method for controlling coccidiosis using the same. [Means for Resolution] By using a fermentation product of a lactic acid bacterium and/or a whey fermentation product of a propionic acid bacterium as an active ingredient, an agent for preventing or treating coccidiosis, an agent for use in the preservation of health, and a feed additive can be provided.


The invention provides a composition that enhances the proliferation activity of propionic acid bacteria in the rumen of ruminants to allow the propionic acid bacteria to sufficiently exhibit their metabolic function in the rumen for the prevention and treatment of rumen acidosis in ruminants. The invention also provides use of the composition. Viable propionic acid bacteria and a lactic acid bacteria culture are orally administered to a ruminant to dramatically (rapidly) promote the proliferation of the propionic acid bacteria in the ruminant rumen, and to thereby increase the volatile fatty acid concentration in the rumen for the prevention and/or treatment of rumen acidosis in the ruminant.


Lactobacillus gasseri OLL 2716 promotes the elimination of Helicobacter pylori and is utilized in yogurts that are specifically labeled as health foods. On the other hand, milk whey fermented by Propionibacterium freudenreichii ET-3, which increases the numbers of Bifidobacterium, is effective for intestinal disorders. We previously demonstrated that oral administration of L. gasseri and P. freudenreichii fermentation metabolites (LP-FM) improved calf intestinal microflora and reduced the incidence of diarrhea. However, the detailed immunological mechanisms responsible for these effects remain to be fully understood. In this study, we investigated whether LP-FM stimulates the innate immune response and promotes the elimination of Listeria monocytogenes in mice. The C57BL/6 female mice that were treated with LP-FM or L. gasseri fermentation metabolites alone for 4 weeks had more peripheral white blood cells than the untreated control mice. In particular, LP-FM-treated mice had higher CD4- and CD8-positive T-cell counts. The levels of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species produced by peritoneal macrophages were also higher in LP-FM-treated mice. Furthermore, LP-FM-treated mice that were infected with L. monocytogenes exhibited significant enhancement of the elimination of Listeria from the spleen and the liver in comparison with untreated control mice infected with Listeria. The activation of innate immunity by LP-FM was increased by the combination of fermentation metabolites from P. freudenreichii. These results suggest that LP-FM, which contains metabolites from L. gasseri and P. freudenreichii, stimulates the function of the innate immune system, thereby significantly promoting the elimination of L. monocytogenes in mice.


Bai R.,University of Tokyo | Bai H.,University of Tokyo | Bai H.,Meiji Feed Co. | Kuse M.,Okayama University | And 7 more authors.
Reproduction | Year: 2014

Following bidirectional communication, the conceptus and the uterine epithelium must establish a proper cell-cell interaction, resulting in the progression of implantation processes. To clarify the mechanism of conceptus attachment to the uterine endometrium, we studied whether vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM1) was expressed in bovine conceptuses or endometrium during the peri-attachment period. Uterine VCAM1 expression was minimal in day 17 (day 0Zday of estrus) cyclic and pregnant animals, but increased between days 20 and 22 of pregnancy. In the intercaruncular regions, VCAM1 protein was localized to the luminal and glandular epithelia, whereas in the caruncular regions, VCAM1 protein was detected in the stroma and endothelia of the uterine endometrium. In cultured endometrial epithelial cells (EECs), VCAM1 expression was up-regulated when treated with uterine flushings or growth factor and further increased when EECs were cocultured with bovine trophoblast CT1 cells. VCAM1 expression in CT1 cells was also up-regulated with the use of uterine flushings, and further increased when these cells were cocultured with EECs. Expression of VCAM1 receptor, integrin a 4 (ITGA4) mRNA, increased significantly in day 22 conceptuses. In day 22 pregnant uteri, VCAM1 protein was found in both EECs and conceptuses, but ITGA4 was localized only to trophoblasts. These observations indicate that cell-cell interactions between conceptuses and uterine epithelial cells are required for sufficient VCAM1 and ITGA4 expression in the bovine species and suggest that uterine VCAM1 and conceptus ITGA4 play a role in the establishment of conceptus adhesion to the uterine endometrium.


PubMed | Meiji Feed Co.
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Journal of medicinal food | Year: 2010

Lactobacillus gasseri OLL 2716 promotes the elimination of Helicobacter pylori and is utilized in yogurts that are specifically labeled as health foods. On the other hand, milk whey fermented by Propionibacterium freudenreichii ET-3, which increases the numbers of Bifidobacterium, is effective for intestinal disorders. We previously demonstrated that oral administration of L. gasseri and P. freudenreichii fermentation metabolites (LP-FM) improved calf intestinal microflora and reduced the incidence of diarrhea. However, the detailed immunological mechanisms responsible for these effects remain to be fully understood. In this study, we investigated whether LP-FM stimulates the innate immune response and promotes the elimination of Listeria monocytogenes in mice. The C57BL/6 female mice that were treated with LP-FM or L. gasseri fermentation metabolites alone for 4 weeks had more peripheral white blood cells than the untreated control mice. In particular, LP-FM-treated mice had higher CD4- and CD8-positive T-cell counts. The levels of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species produced by peritoneal macrophages were also higher in LP-FM-treated mice. Furthermore, LP-FM-treated mice that were infected with L. monocytogenes exhibited significant enhancement of the elimination of Listeria from the spleen and the liver in comparison with untreated control mice infected with Listeria. The activation of innate immunity by LP-FM was increased by the combination of fermentation metabolites from P. freudenreichii. These results suggest that LP-FM, which contains metabolites from L. gasseri and P. freudenreichii, stimulates the function of the innate immune system, thereby significantly promoting the elimination of L. monocytogenes in mice.

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