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Nizamabad andhra Pradesh, India

Bharathi M.,G Pulla Reddy Dental College | Babu K.R.,Meghna Institute of Dental science | Reddy G.,G Pulla Reddy Dental College | Gupta N.,Institute of Dental Education and Advanced Studies | And 2 more authors.
The journal of contemporary dental practice | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of different Kennedy's classes of partial edentulism during 18 months period.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were clinically examined for various Kennedy's classes of partial edentulism in the outpatient department (OPD), prosthodontics, GPRDCH, Kurnool (Andhra Pradesh).RESULTS: Of the total 1,420 OPD patients, Kennedy's class III was the most frequent classification encountered (62%) and followed by Kennedy's class I (18%), class II (11%), and class IV (9%) in decreasing order.CONCLUSION: The patients with various Kennedy's classes of partial edentulism can be offered various treatment modalities like removable cast partial dentures, fixed partial dentures, over dentures and implant supported dentures. This study can be crucial for screening the population for incidence of tooth loss as a factor of gender and age. Clinical significance: Tooth loss appears to have an important role in the loss of esthetics and mastication. Study of incidence of various classes of partial edentulism provides clinically useful information for dental training and continuing education.

Jenner F.,MES Medical College | Abdul Jaleel V.,MES Medical College | Kulshrestha R.,MATS University | Maheswar G,Meghna Institute of Dental science | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice | Year: 2013

Aim: The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of commercially available herbal toothpastes against the different periodontopathogens. Materials and methods: Six herbal toothpastes that were commonly commercially available were included in the study. Colgate herbal, Babool, Meswak, Neem active, Dabur red toothpastes were tested for the study whereas sterile normal saline was used as control. Antimicrobial efficacies of dentifrices were evaluated against Streptococcus mutans and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. The antimicrobial properties of dentifrices were tested by measuring the maximum zone of inhibition at 24 hours on the Mueller Hinton Agar media inoculated with microbial strain using disk diffusion method. Each dentifrice was tested at 100% concentration (full strength). Results: The study showed that all dentifrices selected for the study were effective against the entire test organism but to varying degree. Neem active tooth paste gave a reading of 25.4 mm as the zone of inhibition which was highest amongst all of the test dentifrices. Colgate Herbal and Meswak dentifrices recorded a larger maximum zone of inhibition, measuring 23 and 22.6 mm respectively, compared to other toothpastes. All other dentifrices showed the zone of inhibition to be between 17 and 19 mm respectively. Conclusion: The antibacterial properties of six dentifrices were studied in vitro and concluded that almost all of the dentifrices available commercially had antibacterial properties to some extent to benefit dental health or antiplaque action.

Pavaskar R.,Goa Dental College and Hospital | Chalakkal P.,Goa Dental College and Hospital | Krishnan R.,VMSDC | Sirikonda S.,Meghna Institute of Dental science | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Purpose: This study evaluated the efficacy of 2% chlorhexidine (CX), calcium hydroxide (CH), Vitapex® (VP), linezolid (LZ), a combination of LZ with CH (LC) against Enterococcus faecalis (EF). Study Design: EF strains were mixed with peptone water and the turbidity was adjusted to the McFarland's turbidity standard tube No: 0.5. The inoculum obtained was used to make lawn cultures on the agar plates. A total of 30 agar plates were prepared, such that each plate had five wells containing the five medicaments. The plates were incubated and evaluated for zones of inhibition after intervals of 24 hours and 72 hours. The results were statistically evaluated by paired t-test, ANOVA and Post-hoc analysis using Tukey's HSD. Results: The difference between values of the zones of inhibition around various medicaments after 24 hours and 72 hours was found to be statistically significant. A comparison between the five groups after 24 hours or 72 hours showed that each group differed significantly from the rest of the groups. Conclusions: LC had the greatest effectiveness against EF, followed by LZ, CX, VP and CH.

Hemachandra Babu C.,Meghna Institute of Dental science
Medico-Legal Update | Year: 2012

It is true that the teeth of man have been hurting for many thousands of years. The causes of the pain and effective methods to relieve or prevent the pain tend to follow traditional routes like random treatment, starting with materials of natural origin and then work by the aggressively curious, the intelligent and the innovative to better understand the physiologic basis of the cause of the pain. The purpose of this paper is to provide an insight to the various non-fluoride treatment modalities of tooth hypersensitivity and the advantages and disadvantages of specific materials.

Madhan B.,Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research | Gayathri H.,Sri Venkateshwaraa Dental College Hospital and Research Center | Garhnayak M.,Siksha O' Anusandhan University | Naik E.S.,Meghna Institute of Dental science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2016

Introduction: There is a growing demand on our health care system, including Dentistry, to shift from a bio-medical approach to Integrative model of care. The attitudes of health professionals towards Integrative Medicine (IM) are an important factor that influences this transition. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the orientation of the dental professionals in India towards the principles and practice of Integrative Medicine. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 286 dental faculty and postgraduate students from three dental schools in India. The participants voluntarily and anonymously completed the ‘Integrative Medicine-30’ questionnaire, a 30 item self-report instrument that measures the health care provider’s orientation towards Integrative Medicine in five subscales. Data analysis included summary statistics and intergroup comparisons by gender and professional status with independent samples Mann-Whitney U test. Results: The overall orientation of the dental professionals towards IM was almost neutral. While the use of learning resources on Complementary and Alternative Medicine was lower, they showed a more positive orientation towards patient-centred care. Compared to postgraduate students of Dentistry, the dental faculty were more oriented towards IM (median score of 82 vs. 79.5, p<0.01), especially in terms of learning from alternate paradigms (14 vs. 12, p<0.01) and safety of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (13 vs. 12, p<0.01). Females scored better than males both in terms of overall orientation (82 vs. 78, p<0.01) and towards patient-centred care (12 vs. 11, p<0.001). Conclusion: The results highlight the impending need to improve the orientation of dental professionals in India towards the principles and practice of IM. © 2016, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.

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