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Chania, Greece

The Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania is an educational and research institute focusing on the mediterranean agriculture. It is located in Chania and belongs to the four agronomic institutes of the International Center for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies . The institute contains six different departments:- The department of Business Economics & ManagementGeoinformation in Environmental Management- The department of Horticultural Genetics & Biotechnology- The department of Food Quality & Chemistry of Natural Products- The department of Natural Products & Biotechnology- The department of Sustainable Agriculture. Wikipedia.

Aoun M.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania | Makris D.P.,University of Aegean
International Food Research Journal | Year: 2012

Selected natural polyphenols, including ferulic acid (FA) and hesperetin (Hp) were tested for their antiradical activity using the stable radical DPPH•, as a first step to rank them according to their potency. Ranking also included quercetin (Qt), a very well-studied natural, polyphenolic antioxidant, and ascorbic acid (AA). All phenolics considered were also tested in binary mixtures with AA, to illustrate possible mixture effects. By employing a simple linear regression approach, combinations of AA / Qt, AA / FA and AA / Hp were shown to result in antagonism. The results were discussed on the ground of regeneration reactions, based on the redox potentials.

Dimitrakopoulos A.P.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Bemmerzouk A.M.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania | Mitsopoulos I.D.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Meteorological Applications | Year: 2011

The Fire Weather Index module of the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System (CFFDRS) was evaluated during two consecutive fire seasons in the Mediterranean environment of Crete, Greece. The Duff Moisture Code (DMC), the Drought Code (DC), the Buildup Index (BUI) and the Fire Weather Index (FWI) were highly correlated to fire occurrence but only moderately to area burned. Logistic regression was applied in order to classify the FWI values into fire danger classes appropriate for the Mediterranean environments, as follows: 0-38 Low, 39-48 Moderate, 49-59 High, > 60 Extreme. The new classification was necessary because the existing Canadian fire danger classes were found inapt for the dry and extremely fire prone eastern Mediterranean climate of Crete. After the modification, the fluctuation of the FWI values predicted more successfully the days of high fire risk, as proved by the actual fire occurrence. High correlation was found between measured litter (L layer) moisture values and those predicted by the Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC). The use of an equilibrium duff moisture content value lower than 20% in Mediterranean environments, would probably improve the Duff Moisture Code (DMC) predictions. The Drought Code (DC) was poorly correlated to the upper soil moisture content. Overall, the FWI demonstrated several aptitudes related to its potential use as a meteorological fire danger rating index in Mediterranean regions. However, long-term studies are necessary to determine the precise range of each fire danger class according to fire occurrence data. © 2010 Royal Meteorological Society.

Haydar F.,National Agricultural Policy Center | Pediaditi K.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania
Environmental Impact Assessment Review | Year: 2010

Syria is a country experiencing rapid change, undergoing a process of political and governance decentralisation, opening its markets to the private sector, and experiencing a rise in infrastructure development. In light of these economic growth targeted changes, knowledge of the status and capacity of the Syrian EIA system to ensure environmental protection becomes of paramount importance. Syria first introduced EIA as a Draft Decree in 1995, which was not formally adopted until 2008. To date, no structured evaluation of Syria's EIA system has been conducted, a knowledge gap addressed through this paper. The research presented herein comprises a review and comparative evaluation of Syrian legislation and procedures, to the EU EIA Directive and World Bank Operational Directive, as well as a series of interviews with Syrian stakeholders involved in EIA implementation. The investigation concluded that the new EIA provisions provide a sound legal basis. From interviews however, it was ascertained that EIA implementation faces a number of barriers such as, a lack of EIA integration into existing decision making and licensing processes and persistent exclusion of public projects from EIA. A number of recommendations are proposed, perceived necessary for the enhancement of EIA implementation in Syria. © 2009 Elsevier Inc.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENERGY-2007-3.7-01;ENERGY-2007-7.3-01 | Award Amount: 1.34M | Year: 2008

The main objective of the project is to develop a common methodology for gathering information on biomass potential using terrestrial and earth observations. This objective will be achieved by the implementation of a systematic assessment work plan and will result in the establishment of a harmonised approach and an e-training tool for dissemination. The e-training environment will be an important tool for reaching the much-needed European harmonisation, whereas a Stakeholder Platform will facilitate access to reliable and common datasets on biomass potential and as such it will offer a more efficient use of the available European biomass feedstock. The project will: - Develop a common methodology for gathering information on biomass potential using terrestrial and earth observations - Use e-technologies for disseminating information, best practices on the use and applicability of developed harmonised methodology

Apostolakis A.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania | Grigorakis S.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania | Makris D.P.,University of Aegean
Separation and Purification Technology | Year: 2014

Olive leaves consist a residual food-processing material, rich in biologically functional polyphenolic phytochemicals. The efficient recovery of polyphenols from this material has been the subject of several studies, yet the methodologies proposed may suffer serious shortcomings due to increased cost and/or solvent toxicity. The aim of the present study was the investigation on the efficiency of heated water/glycerol mixtures in extracting polyphenols from dried olive leaves and its critical comparison with previously optimised methodologies. Glycerol concentration and extraction time were optimised using response surface methodology, while comparative assessment of the extraction efficiency between water/glycerol and water/ethanol mixtures was carried out using kinetics. The results showed that a mixture of 9.3% (w/v) aqueous glycerol at 80 °C provided very satisfactory extraction yield in total polyphenols (51.91 mg gallic acid equivalents per g of dry weight), which was higher than that attained with 60% (v/v) aqueous ethanol, at pH 2 and 24 °C. Liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy analysis showed that the polyphenolic profile of water/glycerol mixture was significantly different than that of water/ethanol mixture, a sound evidence of differentiated selectivity. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

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