Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania
Chania, Greece

The Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania is an educational and research institute focusing on the mediterranean agriculture. It is located in Chania and belongs to the four agronomic institutes of the International Center for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies . The institute contains six different departments:- The department of Business Economics & ManagementGeoinformation in Environmental Management- The department of Horticultural Genetics & Biotechnology- The department of Food Quality & Chemistry of Natural Products- The department of Natural Products & Biotechnology- The department of Sustainable Agriculture. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: KBBE-2009-1-4-05 | Award Amount: 2.64M | Year: 2010

The overall objective of the SUSTAINMED project is to examine and assess the impacts of EU and national agricultural, rural, environmental and trade policies in the Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPCs). Specific impacts include socio-economic structural changes, income distribution, resource management, trade liberalisation, poverty alleviation, employment and migrations trends, as well as commercial relations with major trade partners (in particular the EU) and competitiveness in international markets. The project will integrate a wide range of complementary methods and analytical tools including quantitative modelling, structured surveying, indicator building and qualitative data analysis, in order to provide (i) orders of magnitude of the impact in MPCs related to changes in important policy parameters, and (ii) qualitative insights into processes which will be important for the future welfare of MPCs but which cannot be fully captured by quantitative indicators. The project results will enable the EU Commission and relevant stakeholders to formulate realistic policies and action plans aimed at supporting sustainable agri-food systems, rural development programmes and capacity building in the Mediterranean region. The project outcomes will also contribute to improve collaboration and economic and commercial relations between the EU and target MPCs, in line with the stated goals of the Barcelona Process: Union for the Mediterranean. Furthermore, the project will provide relevant research to support the promotion of sustainable development to fulfilling the EUs commitment towards the United Nation Millennium Development Goals in the region. The project consortium brings together during three years recognised researchers from six EU Member countries, one Associate country and five Mediterranean Partner countries, with a strong scientific background and experience in Mediterranean policy, market and institutional analysis.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENERGY-2007-3.7-01;ENERGY-2007-7.3-01 | Award Amount: 1.34M | Year: 2008

The main objective of the project is to develop a common methodology for gathering information on biomass potential using terrestrial and earth observations. This objective will be achieved by the implementation of a systematic assessment work plan and will result in the establishment of a harmonised approach and an e-training tool for dissemination. The e-training environment will be an important tool for reaching the much-needed European harmonisation, whereas a Stakeholder Platform will facilitate access to reliable and common datasets on biomass potential and as such it will offer a more efficient use of the available European biomass feedstock. The project will: - Develop a common methodology for gathering information on biomass potential using terrestrial and earth observations - Use e-technologies for disseminating information, best practices on the use and applicability of developed harmonised methodology

Kaliora A.C.,Harokopio University | Kogiannou D.A.A.,Harokopio University | Kefalas P.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania | Papassideri I.S.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Kalogeropoulos N.,Harokopio University
Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

Total phenolic content, antioxidant activity and phenolic profiles of six herbal infusions - namely rosemary, Cretan dittany, St. John's Wort, sage, marjoram and thyme were assayed. Additionally, the infusion anticarcinogenic effect as to their ability to (a) scavenge free radicals, (b) inhibit cell growth, (c) decrease IL-8 levels and (d) regulate p65 subunit in epithelial colon cancer (HT29) and prostate (PC3) cancer cells was investigated. LC-DAD-MS and GC-MS analyses showed major qualitative and quantitative differences in phenolic profiles of the infusions. All herbal infusions exhibited antiradical activity which correlated strongly with their total phenolic content. Infusions exhibited the potential to inhibit cell growth and to reduce IL-8 levels in HT29 colon and PC3 prostate cancer cells. The regulation reported in p65 subunit in HT29 treated with St John's Wort and in PC3 treated with thyme might point to the NF-jB as the molecular target underlying the effect of these infusions. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Abou Samra M.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania | Chedea V.S.,University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca | Economou A.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Calokerinos A.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Kefalas P.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania
Food Chemistry | Year: 2011

The electrochemical behaviour and the antioxidant effectiveness of ascorbic acid (AA), caffeic acid (CA), quercetin (Q), catechin (Cat), hesperetin (H) and their equimolar binary mixtures were evaluated by means of cyclic voltammetry and luminol Co(II)-EDTA chemiluminescence, respectively, with a view to the prediction of a potential prooxidant or synergistic behaviour of mixtures of antioxidants. An important synergistic oxidation between Q and Cat was observed. The mixture CA/AA manifested the most prooxidant tendency among all the tested compounds and their mixtures. AA increased the antioxidant activity of Q and decreased that of Cat. Q and Cat regenerated CA, the prooxidant effect of the mixtures increasing with less e-delocalisation. Cat and CA have an antagonistic effect. H has the closest oxidation potential to CA and a slight increase of its antioxidant activity was registered when mixed with CA, which was not the case when it was combined with the other compounds or measured alone. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2014 | Award Amount: 1.30M | Year: 2015

The project aims at establishing a multi-lateral network of research and innovation staff active in olive germplasm access, conservation, evaluation and exploitation, strengthening research capacities through the exchange of knowledge and expertise on a shared research programme focused on developing integrated common protocols to phenotype and characterize plants at molecular, morphological and physiological level, and evaluating the olive oil quality related to varieties. The scientific results of the project will contribute at improving the potential of the olive germplasm collections, repositories and banks as main sources of variability and of the evaluation tools to be used to increase oliviculture sustainability. Particular attention will be paid to issues concerned to international intellectual property rights for conserving, exchanging and using the olive genetic resources. Another aim is to create a long lasting network among partners also promoting new common projects in the frame of Horizon2020 and other international funding sources. The joint exchange programme will involve 9 beneficiaries and 6 partners belonging to AC and NAC sectors and will be performed through a series of short and long term staff exchanges and workshops among European (Italy, Spain, Greece and France) and third countries (Morocco, Lebanon, Jordan, Argentina, Chile and Mexico). The International Olive Council (IOC), represented by IOC Executive Director, Jean-Louis Barjol, expressed its strong support to BeFOre planning to play an important role in dissemination activities. Experienced and early stage researchers, technicians and managers, are expected to be exchanged between EU and TC to ensure a good scientific transfer of knowledge and training. Enhancement of careers for the staff involved is expected. The project coordination and management will be ensured by the contribution of a well established coordination group and a Steering Committee.

Dimitrakopoulos A.P.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Bemmerzouk A.M.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania | Mitsopoulos I.D.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Meteorological Applications | Year: 2011

The Fire Weather Index module of the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System (CFFDRS) was evaluated during two consecutive fire seasons in the Mediterranean environment of Crete, Greece. The Duff Moisture Code (DMC), the Drought Code (DC), the Buildup Index (BUI) and the Fire Weather Index (FWI) were highly correlated to fire occurrence but only moderately to area burned. Logistic regression was applied in order to classify the FWI values into fire danger classes appropriate for the Mediterranean environments, as follows: 0-38 Low, 39-48 Moderate, 49-59 High, > 60 Extreme. The new classification was necessary because the existing Canadian fire danger classes were found inapt for the dry and extremely fire prone eastern Mediterranean climate of Crete. After the modification, the fluctuation of the FWI values predicted more successfully the days of high fire risk, as proved by the actual fire occurrence. High correlation was found between measured litter (L layer) moisture values and those predicted by the Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC). The use of an equilibrium duff moisture content value lower than 20% in Mediterranean environments, would probably improve the Duff Moisture Code (DMC) predictions. The Drought Code (DC) was poorly correlated to the upper soil moisture content. Overall, the FWI demonstrated several aptitudes related to its potential use as a meteorological fire danger rating index in Mediterranean regions. However, long-term studies are necessary to determine the precise range of each fire danger class according to fire occurrence data. © 2010 Royal Meteorological Society.

Haydar F.,National Agricultural Policy Center | Pediaditi K.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania
Environmental Impact Assessment Review | Year: 2010

Syria is a country experiencing rapid change, undergoing a process of political and governance decentralisation, opening its markets to the private sector, and experiencing a rise in infrastructure development. In light of these economic growth targeted changes, knowledge of the status and capacity of the Syrian EIA system to ensure environmental protection becomes of paramount importance. Syria first introduced EIA as a Draft Decree in 1995, which was not formally adopted until 2008. To date, no structured evaluation of Syria's EIA system has been conducted, a knowledge gap addressed through this paper. The research presented herein comprises a review and comparative evaluation of Syrian legislation and procedures, to the EU EIA Directive and World Bank Operational Directive, as well as a series of interviews with Syrian stakeholders involved in EIA implementation. The investigation concluded that the new EIA provisions provide a sound legal basis. From interviews however, it was ascertained that EIA implementation faces a number of barriers such as, a lack of EIA integration into existing decision making and licensing processes and persistent exclusion of public projects from EIA. A number of recommendations are proposed, perceived necessary for the enhancement of EIA implementation in Syria. © 2009 Elsevier Inc.

Petropoulos G.P.,University of Bristol | Petropoulos G.P.,Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas | Kalaitzidis C.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania | Prasad Vadrevu K.,University of Maryland University College
Computers and Geosciences | Year: 2012

The Hyperion hyperspectral sensor has the highest spectral resolution, acquiring spectral information of Earth's surface objects in 242 spectral bands at a spatial resolution of 30. m. In this study, we evaluate the performance of the Hyperion sensor in conjunction with the two different classification algorithms for delineating land use/cover in a typical Mediterranean setting. The algorithms include pixel-based support vector machines (SVMs) and the object-based classification algorithm. Validation of the derived land-use/cover maps from the above two algorithms was performed through error matrix statistics using the validation points from the very high resolution QuickBird imagery. Results suggested both classifiers as highly useful in mapping land use/cover in the study region with the object-based approach slightly outperforming the SVMs classification by overall higher classification accuracy and Kappa statistics. Results from the statistical significance testing using McNemar's chi-square test confirmed the superiority of the object-oriented approach compared to SVM. The relative strengths and weaknesses of the two classification algorithms for land-use/cover mapping studies are highlighted. Overall, our results underline the potential of hyperspectral remote sensing data together with an object-based classification approach for mapping land use/cover in the Mediterranean regions. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Apostolakis A.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania | Grigorakis S.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania | Makris D.P.,University of Aegean
Separation and Purification Technology | Year: 2014

Olive leaves consist a residual food-processing material, rich in biologically functional polyphenolic phytochemicals. The efficient recovery of polyphenols from this material has been the subject of several studies, yet the methodologies proposed may suffer serious shortcomings due to increased cost and/or solvent toxicity. The aim of the present study was the investigation on the efficiency of heated water/glycerol mixtures in extracting polyphenols from dried olive leaves and its critical comparison with previously optimised methodologies. Glycerol concentration and extraction time were optimised using response surface methodology, while comparative assessment of the extraction efficiency between water/glycerol and water/ethanol mixtures was carried out using kinetics. The results showed that a mixture of 9.3% (w/v) aqueous glycerol at 80 °C provided very satisfactory extraction yield in total polyphenols (51.91 mg gallic acid equivalents per g of dry weight), which was higher than that attained with 60% (v/v) aqueous ethanol, at pH 2 and 24 °C. Liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy analysis showed that the polyphenolic profile of water/glycerol mixture was significantly different than that of water/ethanol mixture, a sound evidence of differentiated selectivity. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Aoun M.,Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania | Makris D.P.,University of Aegean
International Food Research Journal | Year: 2012

Selected natural polyphenols, including ferulic acid (FA) and hesperetin (Hp) were tested for their antiradical activity using the stable radical DPPH•, as a first step to rank them according to their potency. Ranking also included quercetin (Qt), a very well-studied natural, polyphenolic antioxidant, and ascorbic acid (AA). All phenolics considered were also tested in binary mixtures with AA, to illustrate possible mixture effects. By employing a simple linear regression approach, combinations of AA / Qt, AA / FA and AA / Hp were shown to result in antagonism. The results were discussed on the ground of regeneration reactions, based on the redox potentials.

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