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The Hague, Netherlands

Puylaert C.B.,Medisch Centrum Haaglanden Westeinde
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde | Year: 2011

If a radiologist from 1950 could travel in time to 2011, he or she would be baffled to see how few of the radiological examinations he was familiar with, remain. We review the radiological examinations that have disappeared since X-rays were discovered, and include the causes of their disappearance. Barium studies have mainly been replaced by endoscopy, oral cholecystography by ultrasound, and intravenous urography by CT-scan. Angiography by means of a direct puncture of carotid artery and aorta has been replaced by Seldinger angiography. Pneumencephalography and myelography have been replaced by CT and MRI. Bronchography has been replaced by bronchoscopy and CT-scan, arthrography by MRI and arthroscopy. Many other radiological examinations have been replaced by ultrasound, CT or MRI. Source

Driessen S.R.,Medisch Centrum Haaglanden Westeinde
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde | Year: 2012

Uterine fibroids are common, benign tumours of the myometrium. The clinical symptoms include menorrhagia, abdominal pain and subfertility. A 37-year-old black woman known to have uterine fibroids presented at the gynaecology outpatient clinic with abdominal pain. Ultrasonography and an MRI scan revealed haematometra caused by an obstructive myoma, which was drained during a hysteroscopy. The patient was subsequently treated with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist in order to reduce the myoma. Resection of the myoma will take place sometime in the future. Haematometra is an accumulation of blood in the uterine cavity. It is a rare complication of uterine fibroids and causes abdominal pain and enlargement of the uterus. Amenorrhoea is often a finding because an adequate outflow of menstrual blood is no longer possible. The primary treatment is to drain the haematometra; a subsequent myomectomy should be performed. Source

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