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Hamburg, Germany

Jokela V.,University of Helsinki | Lassila R.,University of Helsinki | Szanto T.,University of Helsinki | Joutsi-Korhonen L.,University of Helsinki | And 4 more authors.
Haemophilia | Year: 2013

Severe von Willebrand's disease (VWD) type 3 is a rare autosomal-recessively inherited bleeding disorder, showing considerable genotypic heterogeneity. We investigated the phenotype in correlation with the genotype in Finnish type 3 VWD patients. Ten patients previously diagnosed with VWD type 3 treated at the Coagulation Disorder Unit in Helsinki University Hospital were re-evaluated for bleeding tendency and treatment. Phenotypic characterization included coagulation and platelet function testing confirming the diagnosis. The genotype was assessed by initial screening for the common c.2435delC mutation and subsequently if needed, by analysing all 51 coding exons of the von Willebrand factor gene. Our result confirmed the diagnosis of type 3 VWD for all 10 patients. We discovered two common mutations: nine of the 20 alleles (45%) were found to carry the c.2435delC frameshift mutation, previously described to be frequent in countries surrounding the Baltic Sea. The nonsense mutation c.4975C>T (p.R1659X) was found on 8/20 (40%) of the alleles. In addition, three novel mutations, a potential splice site mutation (c.874+2T>C) and two frameshift mutations (c.1668delC and c.2072delCCinsG) were found. Seven patients were homozygous and three compound heterozygous for the reported mutations. This study indicates that mainly two mutations (c.2435delC and p.R1659X) cause the majority of type 3 VWD in Finland. This result sets future standards for the genetic testing among the Finnish type 3 VWD population. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

We report on 3 male neonates with hereditary ADAMTS13 deficiency (Upshaw Schulman syndrome, USS), the inherited form of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). 2 presented shortly after birth with thrombocytopenia followed by microangiopathic Coombs-negative haemolytic anaemia. Both initially received antibiotic treatment for suspected infection-associated thrombocytopenia. In one patient’s brother, the first bout of incipient TTP did not occur before 6 months of age, despite the same genetic defect. ADAMTS13 activity was<5%, compound heterozygous mutations were found in all patients. USS constitutes a differential diagnosis to thrombocytopenia caused by disseminated intravascular coagulation in neonatal septicaemia. Administration of fresh frozen plasma usually resolves acute bouts of the disease. In some cases of thrombocytopenia of unknown origin in infancy, the resolution of signs and symptoms after infusion of plasma may point towards the diagnosis. Copyright © 2016, Georg Thieme Verlag KG. All rights reserved. Source

Tiede A.,Hannover Medical School | Rand J.H.,Yeshiva University | Budde U.,Medilys Laboratory | Ganser A.,Hannover Medical School | Federici A.B.,University of Milan
Blood | Year: 2011

The acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is a bleeding disorder that is frequently unrecognized or is misdiagnosed as von Willebrand disease. AVWS is characterized by structural or functional defects of von Willebrand factor (VWF) that are secondary to autoimmune, lymphoproliferative or myeloproliferative, malignant, cardiovascular, or other disorders. VWF abnormalities in these disorders can result from (1) antibody-mediated clearance or functional interference, (2) adsorption to surfaces of transformed cells or platelets, or (3) increased shear stress and subsequent proteolysis. Diagnosis can be challenging as no single test is usually sufficient to prove or exclude AVWS. Furthermore, there are no evidence-based guidelines for management. Treatments of the underlying medical condition, including chemo/radiotherapy, surgery, or immunosuppressants can result in remission of AVWS, but is not always feasible and successful. Because of the heterogeneous mechanisms of AVWS, more than one therapeutic approach is often required to treat acute bleeds and for prophylaxis during invasive procedures; the treatment options include, but are not limited to, desmopressin, VWF-containing concentrates, intravenous immunoglobulin, plasmapheresis or recombinant factor VIIa. Here, we review the management of AVWS with an overview on the currently available evidence and additional considerations for typical treatment situations. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

Castaman G.,San Bortolo Hospital | Giacomelli S.H.,San Bortolo Hospital | Jacobi P.,Medical College of Wisconsin | OBSER T.,University of Hamburg | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis | Year: 2010

Background: von Willebrand disease (VWD) type Normandy (VWD 2N) is caused by mutations at the factor (F)VIII-binding site of von Willebrand factor (VWF), located in the D′and D3 domains on the N-terminus of mature VWF. The R854Q mutation is the most frequent cause of this phenotype. Objectives: We report the characterization of a homozygous VWD 2N mutation, R854W, detected in a patient with a severe VWD phenotype. Methods: The plasma VWF phenotype was studied, transient expression of recombinant mutant full-length VWF in 293 EBNA cells was performed, and the results were compared with those obtained with wild-type (WT) VWF. Furthermore, expression was also examined in HEK293 cells, which form Weibel-Palade body-like granules when transfected with WT VWF. Results: The multimer analysis of plasma VWF showed the lack of the typical triplet structure, with the presence of the central band only, and a relative decrease in the high molecular mass multimers. Homozygous expression of recombinant R854W VWF resulted in normal amounts of cellular VWF, but with a severe reduction in secretion into the medium. Severe reductions in FVIII binding to R854W VWF, glycoprotein Ib binding activity and collagen binding of secreted W854 VWF was observed, and reproduced the phenotypic parameters of plasma VWF. In HEK293 cells, homozygous R854W VWF failed to form Weibel-Palade body-like granules. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that a homozygous R854W mutation in the D′ domain of VWF induces impaired secretion and activity of the protein, thereby explaining the severe phenotype of the patient. © 2010 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis. Source

Ahmad F.,All India Institute of Medical Sciences | Ahmad F.,Temple University | Budde U.,Medilys Laboratory | Jan R.,All India Institute of Medical Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Thrombosis and Haemostasis | Year: 2013

Severe type 3 VWD (VWD3) is characterised by complete absence or presence of trace amounts of non-functional von Willebrand factor (VWF). The study was designed to evaluate the VWF mutations in VWD3 patients and characterise the breakpoints of two identified homozygous novel large deletions. Patients were diagnosed by conventional tests and VWF multimer analysis. Mutation screening was performed in 19 VWD3 patients by direct sequencing of VWF including flanking intronic sequence and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis. Breakpoint characterisation of two identified novel large deletions was done using walking primers and long spanning PCR. A total of 21 different mutations including 15 (71.4%) novel ones were identified in 17 (89.5%) patients. Of these mutations, five (23.8%) were nonsense (p.R1659*, p.R1779*, p.R1853*, p.Q2470*, p.Q2520*), one was a putative splice site (p.M814I) and seven (33.3%) were deletions (p.L254fs*48, p.C849fs*60, p.L1871fs*6, p.E2720fs*24) including three novel large deletions of exon 14-15, 80,830bp (-41510_657+7928A*del) and 2,231bp [1534-2072T_c.1692G*del(p.512fs*terminus)] respectively. A patient carried gene conversion comprising of pseudogene harbouring mutations. The missense mutations (p.G19R, p.K355R, p.D437Y, p.C633R, p.M771V, p.G2044D, p.C2491R) appear to play a major role and were identified in seven (36.8%) patients. In conclusion, a high frequency of novel mutations suggests the high propensity of VWF for new mutations. Missense and deletion mutations found to be a common cause of VWD3 in cohort of Indian VWD3 patients. Breakpoints characterisation of two large deletions reveals the double strand break and non-homologous recombination as deletions mechanism. © Schattauer 2013. Source

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