Frank R.D.,RWTH Aachen |
Lanzmich R.,RWTH Aachen |
Haager P.K.,Kantonsspital St Gallen |
Budde U.,Medilys Laboratory
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis | Year: 2017
Aortic valve stenosis (AVS) is the most common valve disease in adults. Severe forms are associated with acquired von Willebrand syndrome (aVWS) with loss of the largest von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers. Diagnostic gold standard is the VWF multimer analysis. Valve replacement rapidly restores the VWF structure. Uncertainty exists if this effect is permanent and how functional VWF assays perform compared with multimer analysis. We studied 21 consecutive patients with severe AVS before and 6 to 18 months after valve surgery and compared them with 14 controls without valve disease referred for coronary angiography. The VWF multimers, VWF antigen (VWF:Ag), VWF collagen binding capacity (VWF:CB), VWF:CB/VWF:Ag ratio, in vitro bleeding time (PFA-100), factor VIII coagulation activity (FVIII:C), and VWF ristocetin cofactor activity (VWF:RCo) were determined. In all patients with AVS, the large VWF multimers were strongly reduced (56 ± 13% of normal plasma); all controls had normal multimers. The PFA-100 collagen/ADP closure times (coll/ADP CT) were prolonged in patients with AVS compared with the controls (175 ± 56 seconds vs 86 ± 14 seconds, P <.001). The VWF:CB/VWF:Ag ratio was pathological in 20 of the 21 patients but normal in controls. After surgery, the multimers normalized in all patients and coll/ADP CT shortened (pre 184 ± 65 seconds vs post 102 ± 22 seconds; P <.001). The VWF:CB/VWF:Ag ratio strongly improved (P <.001) and normalized in 14 of 17 patients. In conclusion, all consecutive patients with severe AVS had an aVWS. The combination of coll/ADP CT and VWF:CB/VWF:Ag ratio detected the aVWS in all patients. More than 6 months after valve replacement, the VWF multimers were still normalized in all patients indicating a permanent cure of the aVWS. © The Author(s) 2015.
Inherited Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (Upshaw Schulman Syndrome) as Differential Diagnosis to Neonatal Septicaemia with Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation – a Case Series [Hereditäre thrombotisch-thrombozytopenische Pupura (Upshaw-Schulman Syndrom) als Differenzialdiagnose zur neonatalen Sepsis mit disseminierter intravasaler Gerinnung – eine Fallserie]
Lehmberg K.,University of Hamburg |
Hassenpflug W.A.,University of Hamburg |
Klaassen I.,University of Hamburg |
Hillebrand G.,Klinik fur Kinder und Jugendmedizin |
And 4 more authors.
Zeitschrift fur Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie | Year: 2016
We report on 3 male neonates with hereditary ADAMTS13 deficiency (Upshaw Schulman syndrome, USS), the inherited form of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). 2 presented shortly after birth with thrombocytopenia followed by microangiopathic Coombs-negative haemolytic anaemia. Both initially received antibiotic treatment for suspected infection-associated thrombocytopenia. In one patient’s brother, the first bout of incipient TTP did not occur before 6 months of age, despite the same genetic defect. ADAMTS13 activity was<5%, compound heterozygous mutations were found in all patients. USS constitutes a differential diagnosis to thrombocytopenia caused by disseminated intravascular coagulation in neonatal septicaemia. Administration of fresh frozen plasma usually resolves acute bouts of the disease. In some cases of thrombocytopenia of unknown origin in infancy, the resolution of signs and symptoms after infusion of plasma may point towards the diagnosis. Copyright © 2016, Georg Thieme Verlag KG. All rights reserved.
Castaman G.,San Bortolo Hospital |
Giacomelli S.H.,San Bortolo Hospital |
Jacobi P.,Medical College of Wisconsin |
OBSER T.,University of Hamburg |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis | Year: 2010
Background: von Willebrand disease (VWD) type Normandy (VWD 2N) is caused by mutations at the factor (F)VIII-binding site of von Willebrand factor (VWF), located in the D′and D3 domains on the N-terminus of mature VWF. The R854Q mutation is the most frequent cause of this phenotype. Objectives: We report the characterization of a homozygous VWD 2N mutation, R854W, detected in a patient with a severe VWD phenotype. Methods: The plasma VWF phenotype was studied, transient expression of recombinant mutant full-length VWF in 293 EBNA cells was performed, and the results were compared with those obtained with wild-type (WT) VWF. Furthermore, expression was also examined in HEK293 cells, which form Weibel-Palade body-like granules when transfected with WT VWF. Results: The multimer analysis of plasma VWF showed the lack of the typical triplet structure, with the presence of the central band only, and a relative decrease in the high molecular mass multimers. Homozygous expression of recombinant R854W VWF resulted in normal amounts of cellular VWF, but with a severe reduction in secretion into the medium. Severe reductions in FVIII binding to R854W VWF, glycoprotein Ib binding activity and collagen binding of secreted W854 VWF was observed, and reproduced the phenotypic parameters of plasma VWF. In HEK293 cells, homozygous R854W VWF failed to form Weibel-Palade body-like granules. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that a homozygous R854W mutation in the D′ domain of VWF induces impaired secretion and activity of the protein, thereby explaining the severe phenotype of the patient. © 2010 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.
Schneppenheim R.,University of Hamburg |
Michiels J.J.,University of Antwerp |
Michiels J.J.,Goodheart Institute |
Obser T.,University of Hamburg |
And 6 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2010
Among the different phenotypes of von Willebrand disease (VWD) type 2A, we identified a particular subgroup with a high frequency of 29%, characterized by a relative decrease of large von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers and decreased A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase with ThromboSpondin type 1 motifs, member 13 (ADAMTS13)-mediated proteolysis previously described in a single family as VWD type IIE (VWD2A/IIE). Phenotype and genotype of 57 patients from 38 unrelated families displaying a particular multimer pattern resembling the original VWD2A/IIE were studied. Pathogenicity of candidate mutations was confirmed by expression studies and phenotypic characterization of recombinant mutants. Specific mutations were identified in all patients. Twenty-two different mutations, most of them affecting cysteine residues, 17 of them being novel, are clustering mainly in the VWF D3 domain and correlate with the VWD2A/IIE phenotype. An intracellular retention of most mutants and/or a defect of multimerization seem to be the main pathogenic molecular mechanisms. ADAMTS13 proteolysis of mutant VWF was not different from wild-type VWF in a static assay, suggesting that reduced in vivo proteolysis is not an intrinsic property of mutant VWF. Our study identified a distinct VWD subtype with a common molecular background which contributes significantly to the heterogeneous spectrum of VWD. © 2010 by The American Society of Hematology.
Castaman G.,San Bortolo Hospital |
Giacomelli S.H.,San Bortolo Hospital |
Jacobi P.M.,Blood Research Institute |
Jacobi P.M.,Medical College of Wisconsin |
And 8 more authors.
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis | Year: 2012
Background: von Willebrand disease (VWD) is caused by mutations in von Willebrand factor (VWF) that have different pathophysiologic effect in causing low plasma VWF levels. Type 1 VWD includes quantitative plasma VWF deficiency with normal VWF structure and function. Objectives: We report three novel type 1 VWF mutations (A1716P, C2190Y and R2663C) located in different VWF domains that are associated with reduced secretion and reduced formation of elongated Weibel-Palade body (WPB)-like granules. Methods: Transient expression of recombinant mutant full-length VWF in 293 EBNA cells was performed and secretion, collagen binding and GpIb binding assessed in comparison with wild-type VWF. Expression was also examined in HEK293 cells that form WPB-like granules when transfected with wild-type VWF. Results: Laboratory results and multimer analysis of plasma VWF was compatible with type 1 VWD. Expression experiments demonstrated slightly reduced VWF synthesis and drastically impaired secretion upon homozygous expression. In HEK293 cells, homozygous expression of A1716P and C2190Y VWF variants failed to form elongated WPB-like granules, while R2663C was capable of WPB-like granules. Heterozygous expression of VWF variants had a negative impact on wild-type VWF with a reduction in elongated WPB-like granules in co-transfected cells. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that homozygous and heterozygous quantitative VWF deficiency caused by missense VWF mutations in different VWF domains can be associated with inability to form endothelial WPB-like granules. © 2012 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.
Jokela V.,University of Helsinki |
Lassila R.,University of Helsinki |
Szanto T.,University of Helsinki |
Joutsi-Korhonen L.,University of Helsinki |
And 4 more authors.
Haemophilia | Year: 2013
Severe von Willebrand's disease (VWD) type 3 is a rare autosomal-recessively inherited bleeding disorder, showing considerable genotypic heterogeneity. We investigated the phenotype in correlation with the genotype in Finnish type 3 VWD patients. Ten patients previously diagnosed with VWD type 3 treated at the Coagulation Disorder Unit in Helsinki University Hospital were re-evaluated for bleeding tendency and treatment. Phenotypic characterization included coagulation and platelet function testing confirming the diagnosis. The genotype was assessed by initial screening for the common c.2435delC mutation and subsequently if needed, by analysing all 51 coding exons of the von Willebrand factor gene. Our result confirmed the diagnosis of type 3 VWD for all 10 patients. We discovered two common mutations: nine of the 20 alleles (45%) were found to carry the c.2435delC frameshift mutation, previously described to be frequent in countries surrounding the Baltic Sea. The nonsense mutation c.4975C>T (p.R1659X) was found on 8/20 (40%) of the alleles. In addition, three novel mutations, a potential splice site mutation (c.874+2T>C) and two frameshift mutations (c.1668delC and c.2072delCCinsG) were found. Seven patients were homozygous and three compound heterozygous for the reported mutations. This study indicates that mainly two mutations (c.2435delC and p.R1659X) cause the majority of type 3 VWD in Finland. This result sets future standards for the genetic testing among the Finnish type 3 VWD population. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Tiede A.,Hannover Medical School |
Rand J.H.,Yeshiva University |
Budde U.,Medilys Laboratory |
Ganser A.,Hannover Medical School |
Federici A.B.,University of Milan
Blood | Year: 2011
The acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is a bleeding disorder that is frequently unrecognized or is misdiagnosed as von Willebrand disease. AVWS is characterized by structural or functional defects of von Willebrand factor (VWF) that are secondary to autoimmune, lymphoproliferative or myeloproliferative, malignant, cardiovascular, or other disorders. VWF abnormalities in these disorders can result from (1) antibody-mediated clearance or functional interference, (2) adsorption to surfaces of transformed cells or platelets, or (3) increased shear stress and subsequent proteolysis. Diagnosis can be challenging as no single test is usually sufficient to prove or exclude AVWS. Furthermore, there are no evidence-based guidelines for management. Treatments of the underlying medical condition, including chemo/radiotherapy, surgery, or immunosuppressants can result in remission of AVWS, but is not always feasible and successful. Because of the heterogeneous mechanisms of AVWS, more than one therapeutic approach is often required to treat acute bleeds and for prophylaxis during invasive procedures; the treatment options include, but are not limited to, desmopressin, VWF-containing concentrates, intravenous immunoglobulin, plasmapheresis or recombinant factor VIIa. Here, we review the management of AVWS with an overview on the currently available evidence and additional considerations for typical treatment situations. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology.