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Ansan, South Korea

Han Y.T.,Woosuk University | Kim K.,Seoul National University | Son D.,Sungkyunkwan University | An H.,Seoul National University | And 4 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2014

Through the fine tuning of the activity-sensitive aminoalkoxy moiety of 4,6-bisphenyl-2-(3-alkoxyanilino)pyrimidine as a novel inhibitor of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), the tertiary amine was elucidated as an essential part associated with RAGE inhibition. On the basis of this finding, a 3-(N,. N-dimethylamino)pyrrolidine analog 12o was identified as a therapeutically useful RAGE inhibitor with improved activity and solubility. Molecular modeling studies predicted that the improved inhibitory activity is induced by additional hydrogen bonds between the nitrogen atom of the pyrrolidine ring and Arg48 and by an interaction between the dimethylamino-substituent of the pyrrolidine moiety and a relatively hydrophobic groove in the RAGE binding site. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Lee Y.S.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | Lee Y.S.,Korea University | Kim H.,Medifron DBT | Kim Y.-H.,Medifron DBT | And 3 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2012

A series of thiazole derivatives were designed, and prepared to develop RAGE antagonist for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). SAR studies were performed to optimize inhibitory activity on Aβ-RAGE binding. SAR studies showed that introducing an amino group at part A was essential for inhibitory activity on Aβ-RAGE binding. Compounds selected from Aβ-RAGE binding screening displayed inhibitory activity on Aβ transport across BBB. They also showed inhibitory activity against Aβ-induced NF-κB activation. These results indicated that our derivatives had a potential as therapeutic agent for the treatment of AD. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Han Y.T.,Woosuk University | Kim K.,Seoul National University | Choi G.-I.,Seoul National University | An H.,Seoul National University | And 8 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2014

In an effort to develop novel inhibitors of receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, a series of pyrazole-5-carboxamides were designed, synthesized and biologically evaluated. Analyses of the extensive structure-activity relationship (SAR) led us to identify a 4-fluorophenoxy analog (40) that exhibited improved in vitro RAGE inhibitory activity and more favorable aqueous solubility than the parent 2-aminopyrimidine, 1. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and molecular docking study strongly supported the RAGE inhibitory activity of pyrazole-5- carboxamides. The brain Aβ-lowering effect of 40 is also described. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. Source


Lee S.-C.,Seoul National University | Min H.-Y.,Seoul National University | Choi H.,Seoul National University | Kim H.S.,Seoul National University | And 12 more authors.
Molecular Pharmacology | Year: 2015

The clinical benefit of current anticancer regimens for lung cancer therapy is still limited due to moderate efficacy, drug resistance, and recurrence. Therefore, the development of effective anticancer drugs for first-line therapy and for optimal second-line treatment is necessary. Because the 90-kDa molecular chaperone heat shock protein (Hsp90) contributes to the maturation of numerous mutated or overexpressed oncogenic proteins, targeting Hsp90 may offer an effective anticancer therapy. Here, we investigated antitumor activities and toxicity of a novel deguelin-derived C-terminal Hsp90 inhibitor, designated L80. L80 displayed significant inhibitory effects on the viability, colony formation, angiogenesis-stimulating activity, migration, and invasion of a panel of non-small cell lung cancer cell lines and their sublines with acquired resistance to paclitaxel with minimal toxicity to normal lung epithelial cells, hippocampal cells, vascular endothelial cells, and ocular cells. Biochemical analyses and molecular docking simulation revealed that L80 disrupted Hsp90 function by binding to the C-terminal ATP-binding pocket of Hsp90, leading to the disruption of the interaction between hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α and Hsp90, downregulation of HIF-1α and its target genes, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2), and decreased the expression of various Hsp90 client proteins. Consistent with these in vitro findings, L80 exhibited significant antitumor and antiangiogenic activities in H1299 xenograft tumors. These results suggest that L80 represents a novel C-terminal Hsp90 inhibitor with effective anticancer activities with minimal toxicities. Copyright © 2015 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Source


Han Y.T.,Seoul National University | Choi G.-I.,Seoul National University | Son D.,Sungkyunkwan University | Kim N.-J.,Seoul National University | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2012

Using the approach of ligand-based drug design, we discovered a novel series of 4,6-disubstituted 2-aminopyrimidines as RAGE inhibitors. In transgenic mouse models of AD, one of the 4,6-bis(4-chlorophenyl)pyrimidine analogs, 59, significantly lowered the concentration of toxic soluble Aβ in the brain and improved cognitive function. SPR analysis confirmed the direct binding of 59 with RAGE, which should contribute to its biological activities via inhibition of the RAGE-Aβ interaction. We also predicted the binding mode of the 4,6-bis(4-chlorophenyl)pyrimidine analogs to the RAGE V-domain through flexible docking study. © 2012 American Chemical Society. Source

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