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Jurica K.,Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova | Ursulin-Trstenjak N.,Veleuciliste u Varazdinu | Vukic Lusic D.,Nastavni zavod za javno zdravstvo | Lusic D.,Medicinski fakultet Sveucilista u Rijeci | Smit Z.,Zavod za javno zdravstvo Dr. Andrija Stampar
Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju | Year: 2013

Phthalates are phthalic acid and aliphatic alcohol esters used as additives to plastic in order to improve its softness, flexibility, and elongation. Phthalates are highly mobile and migrate easily from plastic products into the environment due to their physical and chemical properties. This study briefly describes the characteristics and distribution of phthalates in the environment, their toxic effects on human health, the legislation regarding the maximum allowed concentration of phthalates in drinking water and products intended for infants, as well as the tolerable daily intake. Special attention is given to the methods of determining phthalates and their levels in alcoholic beverages, with an overview of phthalate occurrences and concentrations in plum brandy made in Croatia. A segment on denatured alcohol and illegally marketed alcohol is also included, as well as guidelines for the effective monitoring of the routes of human exposure to phthalates.

Giacometti J.,Odjel za biotehnologiju Sveucilista u Rijeci | Buretic-Tomljanovic A.,Medicinski fakultet Sveucilista u Rijeci
Medicina (Croatia) | Year: 2013

To explore the prevalence of dyslipidemia and to determine specific anthropometric and physiologic features and their correlation with nutritional and other lifestyle habits of the student population from University of Rijeka, Croatia. Patients and methods: 38 women and 15 men participated in the study. At first, they fullfilled the questionaire about their nutritional and lifestyle habits. Blood levels of the glucose, total cholesterol and triglicerides, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, puls values and several anthropometric values were measured thereafter using The Accutrend® Plus cardiovascular screening analyser, fully automatic wrist cuff blood pressure monitor, and digital personal balance. The results were compared between sexes. Results: The mean values of biochemical and physiologic characteristics were in the normal range in both sexes. Nutritional and other lifestyle habits did not significantly differ between men and women. Unregular consumption of the fruits and vegetables was correlated with higher blood glucose and total cholesterol level in men and women, respectively (P1=0.01 and P2<0.01). In women, several anthropometric variables, such as lower percentage of body water and higher percentage of body fat, were correlated with the periodical consumption of alcohol (P < 0.001). In men, consumption of alcohol was associated with higher diastolic blood pressure. Anthropometric, biochemical and physiologic features showed moderate intercorrelation in both sexes (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Dyslipidemia, higher level of blood glucose, total cholesterol and blood pressure, that are known predictors of cardiovascular disease in later life, were not found in our student sample. However, biochemical, physiologic and anthropometric characteristics of the population of youger adults showed significant correlations with bad nutritional habits and consumption of alcohol.

Brncic N.,Klinika za infektivne bolesti | Kruljac I.,Medicinski fakultet Sveucilista u Rijeci | Pahor D.,Odjel za epidemiologiju
Medicina (Croatia) | Year: 2013

Dengue fever is an acute infectious disease characterized by fever, headache, myalgia and rash, caused by one of four different viruses of the genus Flaviviridae. The two main vectors for dengue viruses are mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Aedes albopictus or Asian tiger mosquito is capable of rapid expansion and conquest of new spaces and it is biologically significant health mosquito species, whose expansion in the world was closely followed the last twenty years. During that time, he spreads throw neighboring Italy, and therefore the spread throw the Croatian territory was expected. For the first time the Asian tiger mosquito was discovered in Croatia 2004. near Zagreb, but because he very aggressively pushes native species, it soon spread all along the Adriatic coast from Istria to Dubrovnik. The first cases of imported dengue fever were reported in 2007. The first case was Spanish journalist, stayed for some time in India, before arriving in Dubrovnik, and the other was Croatian student who came back from Indonesia. Dengue fever has become one of the most important emerging diseases that poses problem among international travelers. Croatia is not endemic area for dengue viruses. However, the emergence of autochthonous dengue fevers in October 2010 on Pelješac, seek considerable alert to all professionals, both employees of the public health, and all other medical professionals in Croatia.

Pin M.,Medicinski fakultet Sveucilista u Rijeci | Stimac D.,Klinika za Intcrnu Medicinu
Lijecnicki Vjesnik | Year: 2015

Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive tumor with a very poor prognosis, lack of early diagnostic symptoms and highly resistant to therapy. Its incidence is approximately equal to the mortality rate. Even though in recent years progress has been made in defining the morphological and key genetic changes, it is still unclear which factors trigger its occurrence. Some risk factors are age, gender and race, genetic susceptibility, dietary factors, fever, chronic pancreatitis, diabetes and physical inactivity. Studies have shown that an increase in BMI consequently leads to an increased risk of malignancies, including pancreatic cancer. Research based on adipokines and their role in obesity and the occurrence of pancreatic cancer are the potential for a possible future therapeutic interventions.

Rozmanic V.,Medicinski fakultet Sveucilista u Rijeci
Paediatria Croatica, Supplement | Year: 2014

As in adults with asthma, comorbidities are present in children with asthma, particularly in those with problematic or uncontrolled asthma. Asthma in children is associated with comorbidities such as allergic rhinitis, food allergy, gastroesophageal reflux, dysfunctional breathing, vocal cord dysfunction, mental disorders and obesities. Better control of asthma in children can be achieved by active search of comorbidities and their treatment. The current medical knowledge about comorbidities of asthma in children is presented.

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