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Slusarczyk J.,Jan Kochanowski University | Kuras M.,University of Warsaw | Malinowska E.,Medical University of Warsaw | Skalicka-Wozniak K.,Medicinal University of Lublin | Glowniak K.,Medicinal University of Lublin
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: In this study we examined the influence of various forms of selenium (organic and inorganic) on the vivacity of Hericium erinaceum mycelium and structural changes and ultrastructure occurring during its development in submerged culture. RESULTS: The mycelium was grown on sodium selenite (Na2SeO3), Selol (with 20 and 50 g kg-1 Se, respectively) and a mixture of Na2SeO3 and Selol. Samples of the mycelium were collected on day 3 and day 24 of the incubation and viewed under an electron microscope. Selol at concentration 20 g kg-1 did not cause any damage to the cell ultrastructure, but it contributed to the thickening of the cell wall, which implied an influence on polysaccharide production. In the other cases, degradation changes appeared in the protoplasm and the thickness of the cell wall did not increase. CONCLUSION: The nature of the effect exerted by various sources of selenium in the culture medium on the formation of polysaccharides probably results from the differences in their chemical composition and differences in the toxicity of these compounds towards the cells, but is also connected with the decomposition of the wall surrounding degraded fungal cells. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry. Source


Skalicka-Wozniak K.,Medicinal University of Lublin | Mroczek T.,Medicinal University of Lublin | Garrard I.,Brunel University | Glowniak K.,Medicinal University of Lublin
Journal of Separation Science | Year: 2012

A high-performance counter-current chromatography (HPCCC) method was applied for the first time for the preparative separation and purification of three rare compounds which occur as minor constituents in the fruits of Peucedanum alsaticum L.: 5-substituted coumarin notoptol and two dihydropyranochromones: divaricatol and ledebouriellol. A scale-up process from analytical to preparative in a very short time was developed. In order to purify a range of rare and minor compounds with different polarity two separate experiments were performed, one in reverse phase, the other in normal phase, using the same crude extract. A two-phase solvent system composed of n-hexane/ethyl acetate/methanol/water (1:1:1:1) was developed. The components purified and collected were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The method yielded 0.7 mg of notoptol, 1.46 mg of ledebouriellol at purity of 99.5%, and 10 mg of mixtures of divaricatol, alsaticol and alsaticocoumarin, where divaricatol present 22% by peak area. These amounts were obtained from 1 g of the crude extract in a single run. This is the first time when minor notoptol, ledebouriellol, and divaricatol were isolated in a single run using HPCCC method and first time when these were identified in plant from Peucedanum genus. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source


Skalicka-Wozniak K.,Medicinal University of Lublin | Szypowski J.,Medicinal University of Lublin | Los R.,Medicinal University of Lublin | Siwulski M.,University of Life Sciences in Poznan | And 3 more authors.
Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae | Year: 2012

Quantitative determination of polysaccharides in Ganoderma lucidum fruit bodies from different sawdust cultivation substrates and their antibacterial activity was done. Thirty six samples were analyzed. Four strains of Ganoderma lucidum (GL01, GL02, GL03 and GL04) were cultivated on the growth substrates of three different sawdust types: birch (Bo), maple (Kl) or alder (Ol) amended with wheat bran in three different concentrations: 10, 20 and 30% (w/w). Even though the richest in polysaccharides was GL01 strain, the highest yields of the polysaccharides were determined in GL04Kl3 sample and was 112.82 mg/g of dry weight. The antibacterial activity of polysaccharides was determined in vitro using micro-dilution broth method. The panel of eight reference bacterial strains was used. All the polysaccharide samples tested showed the broad spectrum and the moderate antibacterial activity. Micrococcus luteus ATCC 10240 strain was the most sensitive with MIC (minimal inhibitory concentration) = 0.63-1.25 mg/mL. © The Author(s) 2012. Source

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