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Benesch M.G.K.,University of Alberta | Tang X.,University of Alberta | Maeda T.,Exploration Research Laboratories | Ohhata A.,Medicinal Chemistry Research Laboratories | And 7 more authors.
FASEB Journal | Year: 2014

Autotaxin is a secreted enzyme that produces most extracellular lysophosphatidate, which stimulates 6 G-protein-coupled receptors. Lysophosphatidate promotes cancer cell survival, growth, migration, invasion, metastasis, and resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The present work investigated whether inhibiting autotaxin could decrease breast tumor growth and metastasis. We used a new autotaxin inhibitor (ONO-8430506; IC90=100 nM), which decreased plasma autotaxin activity by >60% and concentrations of unsaturated lysophosphatidates by >75% for 24 h compared with vehicle-treated mice. The effects of ONO-8430506 on tumor growth were determined in a syngeneic orthotopic mouse model of breast cancer following injection of 20,000 BALB/c mouse 4T1 or 4T1-12B cancer cells. We show for the first time that inhibiting autotaxin decreases initial tumor growth and subsequent lung metastatic nodules both by 60% compared with vehicle-treated mice. Significantly, 4T1 cells express negligible autotaxin compared with the mammary fat pad. Autotaxin activity in the fat pad of nontreated mice was increased 2-fold by tumor growth. Our results emphasize the importance of tumor interaction with its environment and the role of autotaxin in promoting breast cancer growth and metastasis. We also established that autotaxin inhibition could provide a novel therapeutic approach to blocking the adverse effects of lysophosphatidate in cancer. © FASEB.

Awazu Y.,Inflammation Drug Discovery Unit | Mizutani A.,Oncology Drug Discovery Unit | Nagase Y.,Scientific Intelligence | Tsuchiya S.,Extra Value Generation and General Medicine Drug Discovery Unit | And 10 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2013

We recently reported that TAK-593, a novel imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine derivative, is a highly potent and selective inhibitor of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor tyrosine kinase families. Moreover, TAK-593 exhibits a uniquely long-acting inhibitory profile towards VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and PDGF receptor β (PDGFRβ). In this study, we demonstrated that TAK-593 potently inhibits VEGF- and PDGF-stimulated cellular phosphorylation and proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells and human coronary artery smooth muscle cells. TAK-593 also potently inhibits VEGF-induced tube formation of endothelial cells co-cultured with fibroblasts. Oral administration of TAK-593 exhibited strong anti-tumor effects against various human cancer xenografts along with good tolerability despite a low level of plasma exposure. Even after the blood and tissue concentrations of TAK-593 decreased below the detectable limit, a pharmacodynamic marker (phospho VEGFR2) was almost completely suppressed, indicating that its long duration of enzyme inhibition might contribute to the potent activity of TAK-593. Immunohistochemical staining indicated that TAK-593 showed anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects on tumors along with a decrease of vessel density and inhibition of pericyte recruitment to microvessels in vivo. Furthermore, dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging revealed that TAK-593 reduced tumor vessel permeability prior to the onset of anti-tumor activity. In conclusion, TAK-593 is an extremely potent VEGFR/PDGFR kinase inhibitor whose potent anti-angiogenic activity suggests therapeutic potential for the treatment of solid tumors. © 2013 Japanese Cancer Association.

Yanagisawa A.,Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co. | Yanagisawa A.,Medicinal Chemistry Research Laboratories | Nishimura K.,Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co. | Ando K.,Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co. | And 6 more authors.
Organic Process Research and Development | Year: 2010

A practical and scalable synthesis of a PDE4 inhibitor KW-4490 (1) was developed. This improved synthesis features the construction of the 1-arylcyclohexene (9) by the Diels-Alder reaction followed by a newly established Brnsted acid-promoted hydrocyanation. Subsequent crystallization-induced dynamic resolution enabled the high-yield production of the desired cis-isomer (cis-8). The synthesis was achieved in seven steps in 37% overall yield. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

Rikimaru K.,Takeda Pharmaceutical | Rikimaru K.,Medicinal Chemistry Research Laboratories | Wakabayashi T.,Takeda Pharmaceutical | Wakabayashi T.,Medicinal Chemistry Research Laboratories | And 40 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2012

In our search for a novel class of non-TZD, non-carboxylic acid peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ agonists, we explored alternative lipophilic templates to replace benzylpyrazole core of the previously reported agonist 1. Introduction of a pentylsulfonamide group into arylpropionic acids derived from previous in-house PPARγ ligands succeeded in the identification of 2-pyridyloxybenzene-acylsulfonamide 2 as a lead compound. Docking studies of compound 2 suggested that a substituent para to the central benzene ring should be incorporated to effectively fill the Y-shaped cavity of the PPARγ ligand-binding domain (LBD). This strategy led to significant improvement of PPARγ activity. Further optimization to balance in vitro activity and metabolic stability allowed the discovery of the potent, selective and orally efficacious PPARγ agonist 8f. Structure-activity relationship study as well as detailed analysis of the binding mode of 8f to the PPARγ-LBD revealed the essential structural features of this series of ligands. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Rikimaru K.,Takeda Pharmaceutical | Rikimaru K.,Medicinal Chemistry Research Laboratories | Wakabayashi T.,Takeda Pharmaceutical | Wakabayashi T.,Medicinal Chemistry Research Laboratories | And 38 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2012

Herein, we describe the design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationships of novel benzylpyrazole acylsulfonamides as non-thiazolidinedione (TZD), non-carboxylic-acid-based peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ agonists. Docking model analysis of in-house weak agonist 2 bound to the reported PPARγ ligand binding domain suggested that modification of the carboxylic acid of 2 would help strengthen the interaction of 2 with the TZD pocket and afford non-carboxylic-acid-based agonists. In this study, we used an acylsulfonamide group as the ring-opening analog of TZD as an isosteric replacement of carboxylic acid moiety of 2; further, preliminary modification of the terminal alkyl chain on the sulfonyl group gave the lead compound 3c. Subsequent optimization of the resulting compound gave the potent agonists 25c, 30b, and 30c with high metabolic stability and significant antidiabetic activity. Further, we have described the difference in binding mode of the carboxylic-acid-based agonist 1 and acylsulfonamide 3d. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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