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Pleven, Bulgaria

Medical University Pleven is one of the five medical institutions of higher education in Bulgaria. It is the only university in Pleven and was founded in 1974 on the basis of the former regional hospital established in 1865.The university unifies a large modern preclinical base, a hospital with specialised clinics, and research sections. It has two faculties, the Faculty of Medicine covering the subjects of medicine and rehabilitation and occupational therapy, and the Faculty of Public Health covering health care, as well as a college. There are also two hostels with a total of 315 beds in two- and three-bed rooms.As of the 2000s, Medical University Pleven has had 4081 Bulgarian and 582 foreign students from 45 countries, and has about 750 students a year, of which half are Bulgarians and the rest foreigners, 50-60% of whom are from India. Since Bulgaria's ascension to the European Union in 2007, most international students originate from other EU member states.The instruction courses in the university are carried out in two faculties and one college: Faculty of Medicine with the speciality of Medicine; Faculty of Public Health with the following specialities: Management of Health Care; Medicinal Rehabilitation and Occupational Therapy; Health Management; Nursing Midwifery. Medical College Pleven with the following specialities: Medical Laboratory Assistant; Radiology Laboratory Assistant; Social Worker. Wikipedia.

Georgieva S.,Medical University-Pleven
General Medicine | Year: 2015

Health promotion, as a modem concept for public health improvement, identifies new priorities for health interventions aimed at integrated approach to health, personal and social responsibility and partnership for its formation and preservation. By the international network "Health Promoting Schools", school community became the main environment for the implementation of the concept. The aim of the study is to put together traditional and innovative approaches to health promotion at school and their actual fulfillment in the Bulgarian schools. Literature review on the issue and data from own empirical study among a representative sample of schools in the region of Pleven were used. The results ascertain the fact that the concept of health promotion have to became more popular among school community to reach its full potential for public health improvement.

Israel M.,Medical University-Pleven
Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine | Year: 2015

The exposure and risk evaluation process in Bulgaria concerning non-ionizing radiation health and safety started in the early 1970s. Then, the first research laboratory "Electromagnetic fields in the working environment" was founded in the framework of the Centre of Hygiene, belonging to the Medical Academy, Sofia. The main activities were connected with developing legislation, new equipment for measurement of electromagnetic fields, new methods for measurement and exposure assessment, in vivo and human studies for developing methods, studying the effect of non-ionizing radiation on human body, developing exposure limits. Most of the occupations as metal industry, plastic welding, energetics, physiotherapy, broadcasting, telephone stations, computer industry, etc., have been covered by epidemiological investigations and risk evaluation. In 1986, the ANSI standard for safe use of lasers has been implemented as national legislation that gave the start for studies in the field of risk assessment concerning the use of lasers in industry and medicine. The environmental exposure studies started in 1991 following the very fast implementation of the telecommunication technologies. Now, funds for research are very insignificant, and studies in the field of risk assessment are very few. Nevertheless, Bulgaria has been an active member of the WHO International EMF Project, since 1997, and that gives good opportunity for collaboration with other Member states, and for implementation of new approach in the EMF policy for workers and peoples protection against non-ionizing radiation exposure. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

The study analyzed the differential growth of the relative changes in the number of medicinal products in the reimbursement list and the corresponding relative change in the amount of public expenditure in Bulgaria for a ten-year period (2004-2013). For this purpose, data from the reimbursement lists for the respective years and accounts for the cash execution of the budget of the National Health Insurance Fund were used. Annually, since 2008 a double-digit growth in the number of reimbursed medicines is registered, with a similar dynamics of the amount of public expenditure. Additional conditions for the inclusion of medicinal products in the positive and reimbursement lists are proposed, with the aim to optimize the control of both the public and personal expenses in the cost of drug therapy.

Angelov I.,Medical University-Pleven
Problems of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases | Year: 2011

Dirofilariasis caused by D. repens is a natural-focal zoonosis. Dogs are the main dead-end host and reservoir of the parasite, and mosquitoes of the Aedes, Anopheles I{cyrillic} Culex families are vectors. Humans are non-specific, accidental host and not a source of infection. Canine dirofilariasis is found in the southern and eastern parts of Europe. Isolated cases of human dirofilariasis in Bulgaria have been reported during the last decades. We report a case of subconjunctival localization of dirofilariasis. A lithe helminth of cylindrical shape, 14 cm in length was extracted from the subconjunctival space. The histological examination of the helminth revealed a cuticle with longitudinal ridges with transverse striations. The size of the parasite, the typical localization and the morphology of the tegument made us assume that the case described was one of ophthalmic dirofilariasis caused by D. repens.

Petkova T.,Medical University-Pleven
General Medicine | Year: 2015

Varicella is a mild infection occurring in childhood, which GPs encounter in daily practice. In temperate zones over 90% of women of childbearing age have immunity against the disease. In recent years, in our country the infection tends to become 'older' and the related with it complications in pregnant women are worrying. Distribution and current recommendations for diagnosis and prevention of chickenpox in pregnant women are presented in this literary review. Bulletins of WHO, CDC, ECDC and other literary sources expressing the position of the leading experts on the diagnostic and therapeutic approach in these cases are used for this purpose.

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