Medical University of Vienna

www.meduniwien.ac.at
Vienna, Austria

The Medical University of Vienna is a university located in Vienna, Austria. It is the direct successor of the faculty of medicine of the University of Vienna, founded in 1365 by Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria. Thus it is the oldest medical school in the German–speaking world, and it was the second medical faculty in the Holy Roman Empire, after the Charles University of Prague.The Medical University of Vienna is the largest medical organisation in Austria, as well as one of the top-level research institutions in Europe and provides Europe's largest hospital, the Vienna General Hospital, with all of its medical staff.It consists of 31 university clinics and clinical institutes, 12 medical-theoretical departments which perform around 48,000 operations each year. The Vienna General Hospital has about 100,000 patients treated as inpatients and 605,000 treated as outpatients each year.There have been seven Nobel prize laureates affiliated with the medical faculty, and fifteen in total with the University of Vienna. These include Robert Bárány, Julius Wagner-Jauregg and Karl Landsteiner, the discoverer of the ABO blood type system and the Rhesus factor. Sigmund Freud qualified as a doctor at the medical faculty and worked as a doctor and lecturer at the General Hospital, carrying out research into cerebral palsy, aphasia and microscopic neuroanatomy.In the 2014-15 Times Higher Education Rankings, Medical University of Vienna is listed among the top 15 medical schools in Europe and 49th in the world. .In 2014, there were 6,016 candidate applications for 660 places in medicine proper and 80 in dentistry, which corresponds to an admission rate of about 12 percent. Admission is based upon ranking in an admission test, called "MedAT", which is carried out every summer in conjunction with the two other public medical schools of Austria, Medical University of Graz and Innsbruck Medical University. Wikipedia.

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Patent
St Vincents Hospital Sydney Ltd and Medical University of Vienna | Date: 2017-08-02

Apparatus for determining opening of an aortic valve of a biological subject, the apparatus including an electronic processing device that determines a pump speed of a ventricular assist device that is assisting cardiac function of the biological subject, analyses the pump speed to determine a pump speed indicator at least partially indicative of changes in pump speed and uses the pump speed indicator to determine an opening indicator indicative of opening of the aortic valve.


Patent
Medical University of Vienna | Date: 2017-01-04

The present invention concerns an ophthalmic composition comprising a lubricating polymer and an oligosaccharide, and the topical use of same, in particular for treating dry eye syndrome.


Patent
Medical University of Vienna | Date: 2014-12-19

The invention relates to an aortic catheter (1) for insertion into the aorta (A), having a flexible tube (2), two occlusion balloons (3, 4), which are spaced part from one another and each of which is connected to a supply line (5, 6) for supplying a pumping medium (7) for inflating the occlusion balloons (3, 4), having at least one opening (8) arranged between the occlusion balloons (3, 4) in the tube (2) for supplying a cooling medium (9), which at least one opening (8) is connected to a first cooling medium supply line (10) running in the tube (2), and also relates to a resuscitation set (22) with such an aortic catheter (1), and a distal port (13) for supplying a cooling medium (9) in the direction of cerebral vessels is disposed in the tube (2), which distal port (13) is connected to a second cooling medium supply line (14) running in the tube (2).


The invention relates to a surgical bone-drilling device (1) comprising a drill (3) connected to a drive (2), a container (4) for a coolant (5), at least one pump (6) for delivering the coolant (5), a first conduit (7) for delivering the coolant (5) from the container (4) into the interior of the drill (3), and a second conduit (8) for delivering the coolant (5) from the container (4) to the outside of the drill (3), and also a handpiece (19), a drill guide (20), and a cooling method for such a bone-drilling device (1). To improve the cooling action, a measuring device (9) is provided for detecting the drilling depth (d) of the drill (3), which measuring device (9) is connected to a control device (10) for controlling transport of the coolant (5), such that the quality of the coolant (5) in the first conduit (7) and in the second conduit (8) can be controlled as a function of the drilling depth (d) of the drill (3).


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETPROACT-01-2016 | Award Amount: 4.94M | Year: 2017

This consortium will pioneer disruptive technology for bio-electronic medicine to provide much needed therapies for cardiorespiratory and functional neurological disease. The technology implements small neural networks known as central pattern generators (CPG) to deliver fit-and-forget bio-electronic implants that respond to physiological feedback in real time, are safer, simpler, non-invasive, and have autonomy exceeding the patient lifespan. Multichannel neurons will be made to compete on analogue chips to obtain flexible motor sequences underpinned by a wide parameter space. By building large scale nonlinear optimization tools and using them to assimilate electrophysiological data, we will develop a method for automatically finding the network parameters that accurately reproduce biological motor sequences and their adaptation to multiple physiological inputs. In this way, we will have resolved the issue of programming analogue CPGs which has long been the obstacle to using neural chips in medicine. An adaptive pacemaker will be constructed, tested, validated and trialled on animal models of atrio-ventricular block and left bundle branch block to demonstrate the benefits of heart rate adaptation, beat-to-beat cardiac resynchronization and respiratory sinus arrhythmia. By providing novel therapy for arrhythmias, heart failure and their comorbidities such as sleep apnoea and hypertension, CResPace will extend patients life and increase quality of life.


Chronic angina pectoris is a debilitating chronic disease, a subgroup of these patients suffers from refractory angina which unfortunately cant be controlled by medical therapy (angioplasty or surgery). Refractory angina is a substantial burden on the individual and healthcare system, in Europe there are 100,000 new cases per year, annual mortality of these patients is relatively low (<4%) thus refractory angina patients suffer multiple hospitalizations and low levels of health-related quality of life. The ReGenHeart project is based on extensive preclinical work and a phase I safety, feasibility and dose-finding clinical study recently completed by the consortium. The project will conduct a multicentre, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded Phase II clinical study to provide proof of concept and clinical validation for a new, percutaneous, cost-efficient therapy for refractory angina patients. Using our optimized catheter-mediated intramyocardial approach with AdenoVEGF-D, which has never been used in man before our phase I trial, we aim to induce regenerative changes supported by therapeutic angiogenesis in the affected area of a patients heart and, in a single procedure, reduce the burden on the individual and their health service. The proposed trial is ready to proceed, subject to final regulatory approval in the six European clinical centres. 180 CCS class 2-3 refractory angina patients will be recruited, which will allow us to assess the benefits of therapy to patients who still have potential to respond to the regenerative therapy. Patients will be randomized 2:1 to either the gene therapy or placebo arms. Trial follow up, at 6 and 12 months, will assess how far they can walk in 6 minutes (primary endpoint) and also by their CCS angina score, quality of life, so-called MACE endpoints and several advanced PET and MRI imaging endpoints.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC1-PM-09-2016 | Award Amount: 4.95M | Year: 2017

TYPE 1 DIABETES is one of the most COMMON CHRONIC diseases in children with a RAPID increase in number of cases particularly in young children. Type 1 diabetes is associated with LIFE-LONG dependency on insulin administration. POOR glucose control leads to diabetes COMPLICATIONS, e.g. eye, heart, kidney disease, including BRAIN changes in young children. Episodes of VERY LOW glucose levels may be life threatening and are a major complication. The ARTIFICIAL PANCREAS addresses the problem of LOW and HIGH glucose levels by delivering insulin BELOW and ABOVE pre-set amounts according to real-time sensor GLUCOSE levels, combining glucose SENSOR, insulin PUMP, and CONTROL ALGORITHM. The Artificial pancreas promises to TRANSFORM management of type 1 diabetes but EVIDENCE supporting its use during FREE LIVING in YOUNG CHILDREN is MISSING. The project evaluates the biomedical, psychosocial, and cost effectiveness of NOVEL INDIVIDUALISED artificial pancreas in young children aged 1 to 7 years with type 1 diabetes. Following a PILOT (n=24), in the MAIN study (n=94) half of the participants (n=47) will be treated over 12 MONTHS by the ARTIFICIAL PANCREAS and the other half (n=47) by STATE-OF-THE-ART PREDICTIVE LOW GLUCOSE MANAGEMENT insulin pump therapy. Each treatment will last ONE YEAR. QUALITY OF LIFE will be assessed and semi-structured INTERVIEWS conducted to understand the impact on daily life. HEALTH TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT will support reimbursement. The project will OPTIMISE artificial pancreas and SPEARHEAD SYSTEM-WIDE improvements in health care quality and health outcomes in YOUNG CHILDERN with TYPE 1 DIABETES who live with the disease LONGEST. By IMPROVING THERAPEUTIC OUTCOMES, the project will CHANGE clinical practice and INFLUENCE national and international treatment guidelines making the artificial pancreas WIDELY ACCEPTABLE as the state-of-art treatment modality in young children.


Holzer M.,Medical University of Vienna
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2010

A 62-year-old man collapses on the street, and emergency medical personnel who are called to the scene find that he is not breathing and that he has no pulse. The first recorded cardiac rhythm is ventricular fibrillation. Advanced cardiac life-support measures, including intubation, a total dose of 2 mg of epinephrine, and six defibrillation attempts, restore spontaneous circulation 22 minutes after the onset of the event. On admission to the emergency department, his condition is hemodynamically stable and he has adequate oxygenation and ventilation, but he is still comatose. A neurologic examination reveals reactive pupils and a positive cough reflex. The core body temperature is 35.5°C. A diagnosis of the post-cardiac arrest syndrome with coma is made. An intensive care specialist evaluates the patient and recommends the immediate initiation of targeted temperature management. Copyright © 2010 Massachusetts Medical Society.


Seitz C.,Medical University of Vienna
European urology | Year: 2012

Incidence, prevention, and management of complications of percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy (PNL) still lack consensus. To review the epidemiology of complications and their prevention and management. A literature review was performed using the PubMed database between 2001 and May 1, 2011, restricted to human species, adults, and the English language. The Medline search used a strategy including medical subject headings (MeSH) and free-text protocols with the keywords percutaneous, nephrolithotomy, PCNL, PNL, urolithiasis, complications, and Clavien, and the MeSH terms nephrostomy, percutaneous/adverse effects, and intraoperative complications or postoperative complications. Assessing the epidemiology of complications is difficult because definitions of complications and their management still lack consensus. For a reproducible quality assessment, data should be obtained in a standardized manner, allowing for comparison. An approach is the validated Dindo-modified Clavien system, which was originally reported by seven studies. No deviation from the normal postoperative course (Clavien 0) was observed in 76.7% of PNL procedures. Including deviations from the normal postoperative course without the need for pharmacologic treatment or interventions (Clavien 1) would add up to 88.1%. Clavien 2 complications including blood transfusion and parenteral nutrition occurred in 7%; Clavien 3 complications requiring intervention in 4.1.%; Clavien 4, life-threatening complications, in 0.6%; and Clavien 5, mortality, in 0.04%. High-quality data on complication management of rare but potentially debilitating complications are scarce and consist mainly of case reports. Complications after PNL can be kept to a minimum in experienced hands with the development of new techniques and improved technology. A modified procedure-specific Clavien classification should be established that would need to be validated in prospective trials. Copyright © 2011 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Lion T.,Medical University of Vienna
Clinical Microbiology Reviews | Year: 2014

Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) are an important cause of infections in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals, and they continue to provide clinical challenges pertaining to diagnostics and treatment. The growing number of HAdV types identified by genomic analysis, as well as the improved understanding of the sites of viral persistence and reactivation, requires continuous adaptions of diagnostic approaches to facilitate timely detection and monitoring of HAdV infections. In view of the clinical relevance of life-threatening HAdV diseases in the immunocompromised setting, there is an urgent need for highly effective treatment modalities lacking major side effects. The present review summarizes the recent progress in the understanding and management of HAdV infections. © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

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