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Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte, Sri Lanka

Abeysekara R.A.,Medical Unit
The Ceylon medical journal | Year: 2013

Kikuchi's disease is a rare, benign, self-limiting disease, mainly involving the lymph nodes of young people. The etiology is unknown. Clinical symptoms and basic investigations may mimic lymphomas and chronic granulomatous conditions like tuberculosis. Lymph node biopsy shows characteristic diagnostic features. Even though described internationally, the local disease pattern or incidence has not been well studied. We studied all patients who were diagnosed with Kikuchi's disease at Teaching Hospital, Peradeniya from January 2011 to April 2012. A total of 9 cases showed histopathological features of Kikuchi's disease. All patients were females, in the age group of 12-30 years having fever and lymphadenopathy. They carried a provisional diagnosis of lymphoma, tuberculosis or reactive lymphadenitis. Necrotising lymphadenitis has a predilection for cervical lymph nodes of females and is usually accompanied by fever. Clinical features can resemble tuberculous lymphadenitis or malignant lymphoma. Excision biopsy of the involved node is mandatory for the diagnosis. Source

Ratnatilaka A.,Medical Unit
The Ceylon medical journal | Year: 2010

Ingestion of 'Binthamburu' (Ipomoea asarifolia) by misidentification as 'kankun' (Ipomoea aquatica) as a leafy vegetable causes acute gastrointestinal symptoms and confusion. The authors have encountered four such cases in the past. All cases have been recorded from the dry zone of the country. Both plants are two trailing vines similar in their appearance and preferring the wet habitats. During the course of the day when exposed to sunlight, 'binthamburu' leaves mimic 'kankun' leaves by folding the leaf margins making it difficult to separate the two during harvest and only a closer examination will reveal the difference in their leaf shapes. Ipomoea asarifolia toxicity in human has not been recorded but animal toxicity in North Brazil due to ingestion of Ipomoea asarifolia had been investigated and linked to a toxic substance identified as lectin or LTS. Source

Maki M.H.,Medical Unit | Maki M.H.,University of Baghdad
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2010

In Iraq, oral and maxillofacial (OMF) infections are common; these infections may be of odontogenic or nonodontogenic origin. The former, the commoner, gains importance from the catastrophic consequences that may take place in neglected or mismanaged patients and, as a paradox, from a fact that most of these infections are avoidable and preventable if a timely and accurate management took place for the primary dental problem. Nonodontogenic infections are not uncommon and are of life-threatening potential. Most of these infections are associated with an underlying medical condition that, whenever controlled, can help achieve acceptable results. Although missile injuries-associated infections are almost exclusively of bacterial origin, a separated section is assigned in this article for these infections, in addition to other varieties of bacterial, viral, and fungal infections.The article gives an account of common presentations, diagnostic procedures, treatment protocols, and outcomes of management of OMF infections in Baghdad's central OMF surgery department. These infections are considered as one of the elementary problems in OMF clinics; thus, highlighting significant points extirpated from an overall view of a more than 10-year experience can suggest where shortcomings in management are and can pave the way for future improvement. Copyright © 2010 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD. Source

Tianyi G.,Medical Unit
Chinese Journal of Traumatology - English Edition | Year: 2014

Skin is the first organ exposed to sulfur mustard (SM). The mechanism of SM-induced cutaneous injury has not been fully clarified so far, which is a major obstacle to the development of effective treatments for SM-induced injury. So far, there is no satisfactory therapy for acute symptoms and long-term complications. This review summarized recent researches on the mechanisms of SM-induced cutaneous injuries and the therapies for acute symptoms and long-term complications. © 2014 Daping hospital and the Research Institute of Surgery of the Third Military Medical University. Source

Mahillo B.,Medical Unit | Carmona M.,Technical Unit | Alvarez M.,Technical Unit | Noel L.,World Health Organization | Matesanz R.,Technical Unit
Transplantation Reviews | Year: 2013

The Global Database on Donation and Transplantation represents the most comprehensive source to date of worldwide data concerning activities in organ donation and transplantation derived from official sources, as well as information on legal and organizational aspects. The objectives are to collect, analyse and disseminate this kind of information of the WHO Member States and to facilitate a network of focal persons in the field of transplantation. They are responsible for providing the legislative and organizational aspects and the annual activity practices through a specific questionnaire. 104 out of the 194 WHO Member States that cover the 90% of the global population contribute to this project.Although we know the numerous limitations and biases as a result of the different interpretations of the questions, based on cultural factors and language, there is no other similar approach to collect information on donation and transplantation practices all over the world. The knowledge of demand for transplantation, availability of deceased and living donor organs and the access to transplantation is essential to monitor global trends in transplantation needs and donor organ availability. Information regarding the existence of regulatory oversight is fundamental to ensure the ethical practice of organ donation and transplantation. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

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