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Papa F.,San Giovanni Calibita Fatebenefratelli Hospital | Rongioletti M.,San Giovanni Calibita Fatebenefratelli Hospital | Della Ventura M.,San Giovanni Calibita Fatebenefratelli Hospital | Di Turi F.,San Giovanni Calibita Fatebenefratelli Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Blood Transfusion | Year: 2011

Background. Iatrogenic anaemia caused by repeated blood sampling to monitor laboratory parameters can contribute, particularly in neonates, to the need for transfusion. "Point of care" laboratory equipment uses smaller amounts of blood for analytic determinations and could, therefore, help to prevent secondary anaemia. In this study we compared the results of haematological parameters measured using a standard laboratory method and using a "point of care" micromethod, with the aim of validating the use of this latter method in clinical practice in neonatology. Materials and methods. One hundred and fifty venous or capillary blood samples were taken from full-term or premature neonates 2-4 hours or 48 hours after birth. Each sample was processed by a standard haematology analyser and another micromethod instrument. Bland- Altman plots were constructed for each parameter and intra-class coefficients of correlation were calculated in order to evaluate the concordance between the two analysers. Results. The concordance between the data obtained with the two analysers, expressed as the intra-class correlation, was 0.98 for white blood cell count, 0.97 for haemoglobin concentration, 0.96 for haematocrit, 0.95 for mean red cell volume and 0.98 for platelet count. The micromethod produced overestimated mean values for the leucocyte count (+1.27; p<0.001), haematocrit (+1.80; p<0.001) and platelet count (+13.55; p<0.001). Conclusions. Overall, the concordance between the values obtained with the two analysers was high for each of the parameters taken into consideration. In the case of haemoglobin and leucocytes, give the high intra-class correlation and lack of systematic overestimation of one method over another, the micromethod guarantees a correct evaluation; however, despite the high intra-class correlations for platelet counts, the systemic error seems to suggest that the micromethod cannot guarantee an appropriate evaluation of this parameter. © SIMTI Servizi Srl.

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