De Jesus Garduno-Garcia J.,Cuerpo Academico Of Salud Del Universitario |
De Jesus Garduno-Garcia J.,Delegacion Mexico Poniente Of Instituto Mexicano Del Seguro Social |
Camarillo Romero E.,Cuerpo Academico Of Salud Del Universitario |
Loe Ochoa A.,High School Licenciado Adolfo Lopez Mateos |
And 5 more authors.
Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome | Year: 2015
Introduction: The prevalence of obesity and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among children and adolescents is rising. Thyroid function has been associated with insulin resistance. There is scarce information about how thyroid function could be related with cardiovascular risk or glucose homeostasis in adolescent. Aim: To analyze how thyroid function is associated with insulin resistance and another cardiovascular risk factors in healthy adolescents with risk factors to develop diabetes. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional analysis was carried out on euthyroid, adolescents. considered at high risk to develop Type 2 diabetes. Fasting blood samples were obtained. Thyroid function test and another cardiometabolic parameters were assessed. A 75 grams oral glucose tolerance test was performed to calculate insulin resistance. Results: One hundred adolescents were evaluated. The mean age was 15.9 ± 0.8 years, There is a negative correlation between Fasting insulin, post glucose load insulin and HOMA IR. There were no correlation with Matsuda index. We could not found any correlation with TSH values. Conclusions: We found a correlation between fasting insulin, HOMA IR and serum thyroid hormones, we did not find any relation with serum TSH. In euthyroid adolescents with risk factors to develop diabetes. © 2015 Garduño-Garcia et al.; licensee BioMed Central.
Chung J.-Y.,Medical Science Research Center |
Kim Y.-J.,Dong - A University |
Kim J.Y.,Medical Science Research Center |
Lee S.G.,Dong - A University |
And 7 more authors.
Environmental Health Perspectives | Year: 2011
Background: Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant that is currently suspected of being an endocrine disruptor. The testis is an important target for PAHs, yet insufficient attention has been paid to their effects on steroidogenesis in Leydig cells. Objective: We hypothesized that long-term exposure to low concentrations of B[a]P might disrupt testosterone production in Leydig cells via an alteration of steroidogenic proteins. Results: Oral exposure to B[a]P reduced serum and intratesticular fluid testosterone levels in rats. However, we did not observe serious testicular atrophy or azoospermia, although spermatogonial apoptosis was significantly increased. Compared with control cells, Leydig cells primed with B[a]P in vivo produced less testosterone in response to human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or dibutyl cyclic adenosine monophosphate in vitro. Of note, the reduction of testosterone levels was accompanied by decreased expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSD), as well as increased levels of cytochrome P450 side chain cleavage (P450scc), in Leydig cells. The up-regulation of P450scc expression after exposure to B[a]P appears to be associated with a compensatory mechanism for producing the maximum amount of pregnenolone with the minimum amount of transported cholesterol by StAR; the down-regulation of 3β-HSD may occur because B[a]P can negatively target 3β-HSD, which is required for testosterone production. Conclusions: B[a]P exposure can decrease epididymal sperm quality, possibly by disturbing testosterone levels, and StAR may be a major steroidogenic protein that is targeted by B[a]P or other PAHs.