Medical Physics Research CenterMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran
Dolat E.,Medical Physics Research CenterMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran |
Salarabadi S.S.,Medical Physics Research CenterMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran |
Yadegari-Dehkordi S.,Medical Physics Research CenterMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran |
Sazgarnia A.,Medical Physics Research CenterMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran
Bioelectromagnetics | Year: 2015
Leishmaniasis is an emerging and uncontrolled disease. The use of routine drugs has been limited due to proven side effects and drug resistance. Interestingly, novel approaches such as nanotechnology have been applied as a therapeutic modality. Silver nanoparticles have shown antileishmanial effects but because of their nonspecific and toxic effects on normal cells, their use has been limited. On the other hand, it has been demonstrated that electric pulses induce electropores on cell membranes resulting in higher entrance of certain molecules into cells. There is a hypothesis proposing that use of electroporation and silver nanoparticles simultaneously can induce greater accumulation of particles in infected cells, besides higher toxicity. In this study, after applying electric pulses with different concentrations of silver nanoparticles (SNPs), cell survival rate was determined by standard viability assays. On the basis of these data, 2μg/ml of SNPs and 700V/cm with 100μs duration of electroporation were selected as the non-lethal condition. Promastigotes and infected macrophage cells received both treatments and the survival percentage and Infection Index were calculated. In parasites and cells receiving both treatments, higher toxicity was observed in comparison to each treatment given individually, showing a synergic effect on promastigotes. Therefore, application of electric pulses could overcome limitations in using the antileishmanial properties of silver nanoparticles. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.